Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : September 1st 2014 Contents A28
body & soul
Guardian www.guardian.co.tt Monday, September 1, 2014
(i) Low income pensioners
(ii) Persons with a certi ed disability
(iii) Low income households
(iv) CBOs, NGOs or FBOs
As of October 2013, the Utilities Assistance Programme (UAP) has been
expanded to include the following services:
1. Utilities Bill Assistance Extension
The subsidy on water and electricity bills has been extended to two
▶ other Low Income Pensioners who receive a pension other
than the Senior Citizens Pension
▶ other Low Income Persons with Disabilities who are not in
receipt of the Disability Grant
The electricity consumption level criterion has increased from
400kWh to 500kWh per bill with the maximum annual subsidy
increased from $684 to $870.
2. The provision of a Water Tank to Low Income Households/Community
3. The provision of a Solar Panel to Low Income Households in remote
This programme also targets the following persons:
1. Subsidy to WASA and T&TEC Bills
Recipients of the Senior Citizens' Pension, Disability or Public
Assistance Grants, or TT Food Card.
Pensioners over 65 years, who receive a monthly income equal to or
less than $3,500, inclusive of the pension
equal to or less than $3,500,
WASA residential customers who own one property in Class A2, A3
T&TEC customers with an average consumption over three (3)
billing periods (6 months) of 500kW or less.
2. Water Tank Assistance
Households with a total income of no more than $6,000 per month
who depend only on truck borne water
Community Facilities used by Community Based Organisations
(CBOs), Non-governmental Organisations (NGOs) and Faith Based
3. Solar Panel Assistance
Households with a total income of $6,000 located in remote
areas outside of the current electricity grid and where it has
been determined uneconomical for the installation of electricity
For additional information please contact the Customer Service Unit at
the Ministry of Public Utilities at:
Ministry of Public Utilities
#2 Elizabeth Street, St. Clair
Phone: 628-9500 (exts. 1116, 1120); Fax: 628-6067
MINISTRY OF PUBLIC UTILITIES
UTILITIES ASSISTANCE PROGRAMME
One minute, you re drenching everything you
eat in olive oil, the next you re filling your pantry
with nothing but "fat-free" goodies. Figuring out
fat is beyond confusing and annoying.
The great news, these nine new fat facts are all
you need to know about choosing the right fats
and navigating around the sketchy ones.
1. Limiting your fat intake is totally passé.
After a number of studies confirmed the heart-
healthy benefits of a Mediterranean diet---which
includes several sources of unsaturated fats---top
academics are calling for change to the USDA rec-
ommendation to limit daily calories from fat.
"The amount of total fat is irrelevant, and we
shouldn t be using any numerical rule," says Walter
Willett, chair of the department of nutrition at
Harvard School of Public Health. "But the type of
fat is still relevant." Aim to get the majority of
your fats from whole foods such as nuts, fish, avo-
cado, high-fibre grains, and olive oil, à la the
Mediterranean diet (rather than 100-calorie snack
2. There are worse things than saturated fat.
Namely, refined carbs and sugar. While you may
want to limit certain saturated fats, it s no better
to replace them with refined starch or sugar---for
example, dropping butter in favor of jelly on your
toast. It is helpful, on the other hand, to cut sat-
urated fat if you replace it with unsaturated fat---
for example, swapping butter with almond or
3. There is one type of fat you should never
While saturated fat in moderate amounts is part
of many healthy foods, such as olive oil and fish,
trans fats should be avoided completely, Willett
says. These artificial fats have no nutritional value
and have been shown to raise "bad" LDL cholesterol
and lower "good" HDL cholesterol, as well as
increase risks of heart disease and diabetes.
4. The best way to cut cravings is to crowd
A Mediterranean-style diet rich in whole foods,
especially vegetables, olive oil, nuts, seeds, fish,
and whole grains, and low in processed foods,
meats, and dairy, will cut your cravings for the
bad stuff---saturated fat, refined starches, and sugar.
5. You can tell if you have dangerous visceral
fat in 30 seconds.
Okay, if you want to know for sure, you ll have
to have an abdominal MRI, which can cost several
hundred dollars. The next best thing: This quick
test, courtesy of Pamela Peeke, professor of med-
icine at the University of Maryland and author of
Fight Fat After 40:
• Lie flat on the floor and press your index
fingers right above one side of your pelvic bone.
• As you push down, tighten up your abdominal
•Walk your index fingers across your abdominal
muscle wall to your belly button: "it should feel
nice and flat, like a stretched out piece of plastic,"
says Peeke. If it sticks up, you ve got visceral fat,
which is pushing your ab muscles up.
6. It s the size of your fat cells that matters.
White fat produces a hormone called adiponectin,
which helps regulate insulin production. Thin
people have small fat cells, which release more
insulin-regulating adiponectin than the large fat
cells that heavier people have. This is one of the
reasons why being overweight can be bad for health.
"When you gain weight and fat cells increase in
Eight facts for fighting fat
YOUR DAILY HEALTH
News and Advice
Aim to get the majority of your fats from whole foods such
as nuts, fish, avocado, high-fibre grains, and olive oil.
size, they produce less adiponectin,
which in turn raises risk of con-
ditions like diabetes and heart dis-
ease," explains Louis Aronne, MD,
director of the Obesity Clinic at
7. White fat---the type of fat you
have most of---does burn calories.
But, only two calories a day per
pound of fat. Far preferable: mus-
cle, which burns six calories a day
8. There s one fat you need
Most people need more brown
fat, finds recent research. Like
muscle, this stuff burns calories
even when you re at rest. And you
can create additional stores of
brown fat by exercising. Long
bouts of aerobic exercise release
the hormone iris in, which helps
convert white fat into brown,
according to one recent study.
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