Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : October 9th 2014 Contents XXII Latin American Congress of
Optometry and Optics CLOO 2014
2014 Congress of Optometry
Trinidad & Tobago Optometrists Association
Port of Spain, Trinidad & Tobago, October 31st, November 1st and November 2nd , 2014
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Meeting of Deans and Directors of Optometry Programs
University of West Indies School of Optometry, Trinidad & Tobago
October 29th -30th, 2014
EyeTeach © Program: From Clinicians to Educators Workshop
University of West Indies School of Optometry, Trinidad & Tobago, October 27th -28th , 2014
Meeting of the Governing Board of the World Council of Optometry
Port of Spain, Trinidad & Tobago, October 30th-31st , 2014.
Meeting of the Latin American Association of Optometry and Optics
Port of Spain, Trinidad & Tobago, November 1st, 2014.
Friday October 31st, 2014
Clinical skills workshop
University of West Indies School of Optometry
Hours: 1-5 PM
The workshop will be conducted in English and Spanish.
This workshop is a course of the Trinidad & Tobago Optometrists Association Congress. Techniques will be
demonstrated for Goldmann tonometry, gonioscopy, pachymetry and binocular indirect ophthalmoscope.
Participants will have the opportunity to practice these skills under the supervision of clinical staff.
Registration fee TT$1200 or USD $190 , (TT$ 1000 or US$159 for TTOA/CARIOA/ALDOO members)
Please contact Nigel St Rose via email firstname.lastname@example.org to register by Monday October 27th as space
Saturday November 1st and Sunday November 2nd, 2014.
XXII Latin American Congress of Optometry and Optics CLOO 2014
2014 Congress of the Trinidad & Tobago Optometrists Association
The congress will be held in English, with plans for simultaneous Spanish translation
Trinidad-Tobago Hyatt Hotel
Two consecutive days
Cost TTOA/CARIOA/ALDOO Member and Governing Board Member WCO:
US$ 395 registration until September 14, 2014.
US$ 475 registration after September 14 , 2014.
Continuing education courses will be presented in ocular therapeutics, pediatric optometry, neuro-optometry,
ocular prostheses, cultural competence and contact lenses. The speakers include among others:
- Dr. Ron Melton
- Dr. Randall Thomas
- Dr. Niall Farnon.
- Dr. Katerin Ortiz.
- Dr. Héctor Santiago.
- Dr. Mayra Rullán.
- Dr. Juan Vázquez.
Since ocular therapeutics will become increasingly important in our region, it will be a central theme at the
Review of Costs and Registration:
Eye Teach © Program: From Clinician to Educators Workshop:
US$ 40, must register through e-mail with Luisa Casas at
Meeting of Deans and Directors of Optometry programs:
No cost, must register with Claudia Manriquez at email@example.com
XXII Latin American Congress of Optometry and Optics CLOO 2014
Congress of Optometry 2014 Trinidad & Tobago Optometrists Association:
Governing Board Member WCO
Registration until September 14: US$ 395
Registration until September 14: US$ 495
Registration after September 14: US$ 475
Registration after September 14: US$ 555
Per Session Rate US$ 160
Per Session Rate: US$ 190
Saturday Morning, 8:00 a 12:15 hrs.
Daturday Afternoon, 13:00 a 18:00 hrs.
Sunday Morning, 8:00 a 13:30 hrs.
Gala Dinner Satuday November 1st US$ 100 per person
Must register with Roxanne Abraham St. Rose
Tel +1 868 376 2634
C/O Island Eyes Ltd
3-4 Eastern main Road
Fax +1 868 6635841
Thursday, October 9, 2014 www.guardian.co.tt Guardian
The objective of this research
was to estimate the prevalence and
causes of blindness and moderate
and severe visual impairment
(MSVI) in Latin America and the
Caribbean (LAC) for the years
1990-2010. A systematic review of
representative and cross-sectional
population studies of articles pub-
lished and unpublished, formed the
basis for calculating the prevalence
of visual impairment by region,
country, and worldwide, in addition
to estimating the causes by region.
In Latin America and the
Caribbean, the prevalence of blind-
ness (age-standardized) has been
reduced by half, from 0.8% in the
year 1990 to 0.4% in 2010. The
prevalence of MSVI decreased from
4.3% in 1990 to 2.7% in 2010. In
2010, the investigators estimated
that there were 2.3 million people
with blindness and 14.1 million peo-
ple with MSVI in the LAC region.
The majority of the burden of blind-
ness is still caused by cataract, with
the exception of the southern cone
countries of South America, where
macular degeneration is most com-
mon. Uncorrected refractive error is
the main cause of MSVI across
Latin America and the Caribbean.
Although the results of the re-
search suggest that the prevalence
is decreasing in the region, more re-
search is required to evaluate the
disparities between different popu-
lations. The increase in the num-
bers of older adults in the
population could mean a rise in vi-
sual impairment unless further in-
terventions are made.
"Much of the vision impairment is
still considered avoidable in the re-
gion," says Dr. Leasher, an optome-
try professor at Nova Southeastern
University in Fort Lauderdale,
Florida. "Access to quality eye care,
and a simple pair of eyeglasses
would greatly reduce the burden of
poor vision on quality of life for
"Blindness due to Diabetic
Retinopathy and Glaucoma is in-
creasing in the region," states Dr.
Lansingh, the regional coordinator
for the International Agency for the
Prevention of Blindness program in
Latin America. "Implementing na-
tional policies to prevent blindness
are urgent, if we are to reach the
goals of eliminating avoidable blind-
ness by the year 2020, in accor-
dance with the VISION 2020: The
Right to Sight campaign."
Fort Lauderdale, Florida
February 11, 2014
The British Journal of Ophthalmology published online the article
"Prevalence and causes of vision loss in Latin America and the
Caribbean: 1990 - 2010" by Janet L. Leasher,OD, MPH, FAAO and Van
C. Lansingh, MD, PhD, and the Vision Loss Expert Group of the Global
Burden of Disease, Risk Factors and Injuries Study 2010 (GBD).
• CITATION: Leasher J**, Lansingh V**, Flaxman SR, Jonas JB, Keeffe J,
Naidoo K, Pesudovs K, Price H, Silva JC, White RA, Wong TY, Resnikoff S*,
Taylor HR*, Bourne RR*, on behalf of the Vision Loss Expert Groups of the
Global Burden of Disease Study. (*senior authors,**shared first authorship).
• Prevalence and causes of vision loss in LAC: 1990-2010. Br J Ophthalmol.
• Published Online First: 11 February 2014 http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjophthal-
mol-2013-304013 [E-pub ahead of print]
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