Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : October 15th 2014 Contents A28
body & soul
Guardian www.guardian.co.tt Wednesday, October 15, 2014
The scriptures declare
Paropakara (rendering help to
others) accrues merit. But
what is true Paropakara?
Bhagawan lovingly explains to
A person with gratitude is meritorious and an
ungrateful person is a sinner. Throughout your
life, never forget even a small help that some-
one has rendered to you. Remember that you
are who you are because someone helped you
in the past. The word Paropakara (helping oth-
ers) is a combination of three terms - Para +
Upa + Kara. Para = Atma; Upa = Near and
Kara = action. The objective of your meritori-
ous deeds must be to progress nearer to God.
The same Divine (Atma) is present in you and
everyone. Do not perform noble deeds with the
feeling that you are doing charity. Real
Paropakara is to act with faith and do meritori-
ous acts to serve the Divine in others, without
entertaining feelings of division and difference.
Understand clearly that physically harming or
injuring others is not the only sin, but seeing
others as different from the Divine within you is
also sin. You may be different individuals in
bodies, but the Lord within is One.
The Lord loves and honours those who love all and
serve all. - Baba
The Sri Sathya baba Org. of T&T
Green Consciousness - Save the Planet.
This ancient Jain principle teaches that all of nature is
bound together, and says that if one does not care for
nature one does not care for oneself.
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Scientists have added a new type of fat to the
list of "good" fats that help keep us healthy. So
healthy, in fact, that this new fat may play a
role in eventually developing treatments to
address Type 2 diabetes as well as inflammatory
diseases like Crohn s disease and rheumatoid
arthritis, according to the research team behind
The fatty acid, called "FAHFA" (short for fatty
acid hydroxyl acids), can be found in human fat
cells as well as other human cells, according to
lead author Barbara Kahn, a molecular endocri-
nologist at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Centre
and a professor at Harvard Medical School.
FAHFA actually helps cells secrete insulin (a
hormone that helps regulate blood sugar) and it
also improves insulin s interactions with tissues
in the body. Those two mechanisms are crucial
to helping keep blood sugar levels down, which
keeps Type 2 diabetes and obesity at bay.
Diabetes affects an estimated 347 million people
around the world, and 90 per cent of them have
Type 2 diabetes.
Finding a cure is urgent, said Kahn, considering
that patients are developing the disease at younger
ages than ever before.
"We re seeing a lot of more of it in young-
sters---in paediatric and adolescent populations,"
said Kahn in a phone interview with HuffPost.
"They may be getting blindness, kidney disease,
amputations, cardiovascular disease and neuro-
logic disease in their 40s, whereas we used to
see those things only later in life. It s a major
In a study published October 9 in the journal
Cell, Kahn and her team fed a FAHFA solution
to insulin-resistant, obese mice.
As a result, their blood sugar levels plummeted
in 30 minutes. Kahn also found that if mice had
a lot of FAHFA in their system, the animals were
better able to regulate their blood sugar levels
when drinking a sugary solution.
Kahn and her colleagues decided to extend
their FAHFA study to humans. They tested blood
and fat samples from both insulin-resistant people
who were at risk for Type 2 diabetes and a control
group of healthy people who are insulin sensitive.
People with high levels of naturally-occurring
FAHFA were strongly correlated with insulin sen-
sitivity, while low levels were linked to insulin
Insulin-resistant people, for instance, typically
had 50 to 75 per cent lower levels of FAHFA in
their fat and blood than people with normal
insulin sensitivity, which is a promising sign that
FAHFA is somehow related to insulin production
and blood sugar regulation.
If Kahn is able to demonstrate causality in
humans, it could mean a breakthrough for Type
2 diabetes care.
"The implications of the data in the paper are
that raising the lipids in insulin resistant people,
either by giving the lipids themselves, or by
manipulating their metabolism in the body, could
potentially have a therapeutic effect on diabetes
control," explained Kahn.
"I think it s tremendously exciting that there re
still molecules in the body, be they hormones or
lipids, that are as yet undiscovered and that may
offer new treatment approaches," added Kahn,
suggesting that she planned to begin initial trials
in humans in the next couple of years.
New type of good fat
could help cure diabetes
Diabetes affects an estimated 347 million people around the world, and 90 per
cent of them have Type 2 diabetes.
YOUR DAILY HEALTH
News and Advice
FAHFA (fatty acid hydroxyl acids)
actually helps cells secrete insulin (a
hormone that helps regulate blood
sugar) and it also improves insulin's
interactions with tissues in the body.
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