Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : November 23rd 2014 Contents November 23, 2014 • Page 2
In early 2008, scientists discov-
ered a new species---a type of
legless lizard no one knew ex-
isted. A legless lizard? Wouldn't
that be called a snake?
Nope---they're two entirely dif-
ferent animals from separate
T&T has some of the richest
natural communities in the
Caribbean islands. Here, there are
two species of legless lizards---
Amphisbaena alba and Amphis-
baena fuliginosa---known as "two
This legless lizard is different
from its slithery look-alike, the
snake. Both have long, slender,
cylindrical bodies; forked tongues;
scaly exteriors and can often be
found slithering through sand.
And then, of course, there's the
absence of legs. It's tough for the
casual observer to tell them
apart. It's not impossible, though.
Unlike snakes, legless lizards
have moveable eyelids and exter-
nal ear openings. They have very
smooth, shiny scales that are re-
inforced by bones called "osteo-
derms," making the lizards'
bodies very hard and brittle. As a
result, their tails break easily and
they are often seen with broken
tails in the process of regrowth.
Legless lizards also move a bit
more stiffly than snakes, and
have a long groove down each
side of their hard bodies that al-
lows them to expand when they
breathe or are full of food, or
when females are full of eggs.
They can easily be recognised as
harmless by their slender heads
and lack of a neck.
Legless lizards spend much of
their lives burrowing in the soil in
forest or forest-edge areas and
are often associated with the
nests of leaf-cutter ants Atta,
which form part of their diet.
They also eat plant material as
well as small vertebrates.
---are they snakes?
Every year on November
20, Universal Children's Day
is observed in countries
around the world. This year
is even more important be-
cause it is the 25th anniver-
sary of the United Nations
Convention on the Rights of
Twenty-five years ago
the countries of the world
came together at the
United Nations (UN).
They created a list of
rights that all children are
entitled to. They also
agreed to do whatever is
necessary for children to
enjoy those rights.
What is a right? Rights are
things that all children
should have or should be
able to do. Did you know that
you have the right to play
and to have nutritious food
to eat? Did you know that
you have the right to be safe
and to receive help if you are
Unfortunately, there are
children who cannot enjoy
their childhood because they
do not have enough to eat,
or live in fear of violence, or
are abused by caregivers.
Children who are in trou-
ble should always seek help.
speak to adults children
trust, such as a teacher or a
parent. In T&T there is a
special phone number that
children in trouble can call:
800-4321. If you call this
number, there are adults
who will listen to you and
Make today special and
celebrate being a child and
please remember to give a
hug to those who love and
care for you.
---European Union Delegation
Celebrate being a child!
Kids, learn more about your rights by completing the puzzle below:
Fill in the blanks and learn more about your rights as a child. (Hint: Download the Child
Rights poster http://www.eeas.europa.eu/delegations/trinidad/index_en.htm to get the
1. You have the right to be al--e.
2. You have the right to live with your pa--n-s.
3. You have the right to be p--t-cted from being hurt or mistreated.
4. You have the right to p--y and re--.
5. You have the right to he--thcare.
6. You have the right to nut--t---s food.
7. You have the right to choose your own f-i-n-s.
8. You have the right to a good e-uca--on.
9. No one is allowed to kid--- or sell you.
10. You have the right to special care if you have a di--b--ity.
Looking for more fun activities? Visit our Web site http://www.eeas.europa.eu/delegations/trinidad/index_en.htm and click
on the links to the Children's Rights Poster and Kid's Pages.
Find the words in the puzzle below. These are rights that all children
are entitled to receive.
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