Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : November 26th 2014 Contents B16
Guardian www.guardian.co.tt Wednesday, November 26, 2014
Government of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
Ministry of Legal Affairs
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY OFFICE
Assignment without the Goodwill
ASSIGNMENT OF TRADEMARK
OTHERWISE THAN IN CONNECTION
WITH THE GOODWILL OF THE BUSINESS
The Trademark "NTN24 NUESTRA TELE NOTICIAS & Device" Registered Under No.
41932 in Class 38 in respect of "Telecommunication services, namely, video and data
telecommunication services; television broadcasting services; broadcasting services via
satellite television, cable television, terrestrial television, radio networks, local or global
computer networks; broadcasting of television programs, news programs, television
news" and Class 41 in respect of "Entertainment and recreational services, namely,
music concerts, sporting events, television shows, television programs, news programs,
television news, sporting and cultural activities; provision of training and education
services via satellite, cable, terrestrial television, radio networks, and local or global
computer networks", was on the 21st day of November 2013, assigned by NTN 24
S.A.S., a company incorporated under the laws of Colombia, whose trade or business
address is at AV. DE LAS AMERICAS No. 65-82 BOGOTA, Colombia, to RCN Television
S.A., a company incorporated under the laws of Colombia, whose trade of business
address is at AV. DE LAS AMERICAS No. 65-82 BOGOTA, Colombia, without the
goodwill of the business in which it was then in use.
This is Bollywood s year of the
woman. Some of the biggest hits in
India s prolific movie industry this
year have female leads in female-oriented
In this summer s surprise hit, Queen, Kan-
gana Ranaut is the spunky heroine who
embarks on her honeymoon alone after she
is jilted the day before her big fat Indian wed-
ding. In Mary Kom, Priyanka Chopra plays a
female Olympic bronze medal-winning boxer.
Previously, women were relegated to playing
the male lead s girlfriend, sister or mother in
subservient roles reflecting the traditional
dominance of men in Indian society.
But for all their box-office success and new-
found prominence, Bollywood actresses are
asking: Where is the money?
Top male stars, such as the three Khans---
Salman, Shah Rukh and Aamir---and action
star Akshay Kumar, earn around 400 million
rupees (US$6.7 million) per film on average,
apart from a share of the profits, according
to industry experts.
A-list actresses such as Deepika Padukone
and Katrina Kaif get paid a tenth of that per
film. When Padukone recently signed a movie
deal for 70 million rupees (US$1.1 million), it
generated a buzz since it was one of the highest
amounts paid to a female lead.
Actresses are beginning to speak out about
that enormous disparity.
"I don t really understand why we are paid
less than the male actors because we put in
equal effort and the recent past has shown
that actresses can deliver a hit film. We deserve
better pay, equal to what actors get," up-and-
coming star Aditi Rao Hydari told Press Trust
The momentum started last year, when
women featured prominently in several suc-
cessful movies. That forced directors and pro-
ducers to rethink roles for actresses. Given
the success of this emerging genre, studios
appear to be more confident about producing
female-oriented movies where the main char-
acter is played by a woman, not a man.
Over the past couple of years, several such
films starring actresses Kaif, Padukone and
Ranaut as well as Priyanka Chopra and Vidya
Balan have crossed the 1 billion rupee (US$17
million) earnings mark that is generally con-
sidered a hit in Bollywood, which gets its name
from Bombay, the old name for Mumbai, where
most studios are based.
Part of the change reflects the greater spend-
ing power of Indian women, who are joining
the work force, earning more money and want
to see movies starring women in stories they
can relate to---not typical action or fantasy
fare, where women are merely eye candy for
male movie-goers. And while female-oriented
movies have been doing extremely well at the
box office, conventional films with top male
stars in the lead are still the biggest earners.
But the changing audience has also helped
grow India s film industry, one of the world s
biggest, cranking out around 1,000 movies
annually. Revenues have risen more than ten
per cent over the past decade to more than
US$3.5 billion in 2012. Hollywood s revenue
that same year was about US$10.8 billion.
"It s only going to get better from here as
audiences are changing. We are moving toward
a society where we have more educated and
working class women," said Ranaut. "They d
like to see stronger women on screen."
In the low-budget Queen, Ranaut plays
Rani, a young woman who goes on her hon-
eymoon solo after her fiancé ditches her. With
her supportive family cheering her on over
Skype, the film focuses on her adventures in
Europe. In the final scenes of the film, a con-
fident Rani rejects attempts by her feckless
fiancé to woo her back and walks away, which
prompted Indian audiences in some theaters
to clap and applaud an act that would have
been unthinkable in Indian cinema---or Indian
society---less than a decade ago.
Pay disparities between male and female
stars is a global phenomenon, experts say.
In Hollywood, age does play a significant
factor, and actresses in their 20s generally earn
more than their same-age male counterparts.
But overall, the highest-paid male actors in
American movies earn more than twice as
much as female stars.
Women also get fewer parts in movies. A
recent United Nations study on the portrayal
of women in popular cinema in 11 of the world s
largest film markets including India said less
than a quarter of all speaking roles were played
by women. Because Indian male actors are
better paid and more established, they also
can take on greater risks. Increasingly, they
are demanding a share of a film s profits and
distribution rights, while female stars prefer
the safer option of one-time payment, said
Taran Adarsh, film analyst.
"The actress may think, What if the movie
bombs at the box-office? Then she may end
up not getting even her regular market rate,"
Adarsh believes actresses demands for better
pay is justified, but that other factors such as
popularity and track record also figure into
"If the actress is doing very well, and she
carries the film on her shoulders, if her pop-
ularity is high, and if she has many hits to
her credit, she is able to demand better terms,"
The pay gap in India will narrow as movies
about women become more popular, said
Chopra, a top-billed actress who plays the
lead in the boxing movie Mary Kom.
"When women-centered films become hits,"
she said, "then the disparity will end." (AP)
KING OF POP
Bollywood actresses: Where is the money?
Visitors walk past Michael Jackson and Bubbles, 1988, Porcelain by US artist
Jeff Koons during a retrospective exhibition in the Centre Pompidou modern art
museum in Paris, France yesterday. Paris' Pompidou Center inaugurated
yesterday the first ever European retrospective on artist Jeff Koons, the
polemical 59-year-old master of kitsch, whose huge shiny, stainless-steel
balloon dog broke records last year, selling at auction for US$58.4 million.
Bollywood star Priyanka Chopra in the movie
Mary Kom. Some of the biggest hits in India's
prolific movie industry this year have female
leads in female-oriented stories but a film
actress gets paid a fraction of what their
male counterparts command.
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