Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : March 19th 2015 Contents MARCH 2015 • WEEK THREE www.guardian.co.tt BUSINESS GUARDIAN
THE ECONOMIST | BG23
Eleven years ago a satirical
film called "A Day With-
out a Mexican" (2004)
running scared after their
cooks, nannies and gar-
deners vanished. Set it in
today s America, and it would be a more
sobering drama. If 57 million Hispanics were
to disappear, public-school playgrounds
would lose one child in four and employers
from Alaska to Alabama would struggle to
stay open. Imagine the scene by mid-cen-
tury, when the Latino population is set to
have doubled again.
Listen to some, and this is a story of for-
eign scroungers threatening America, a soft-
hearted country with a wide-open border.
For almost two centuries after America was
founded, more than 80 per cent of its citizens
were whites of European descent. Today
non-Hispanic whites have dropped below
two-thirds of the population. They are on
course to become a minority by 2044.
At a recent gathering of Republicans with
presidential ambitions, former Gov Mike
Huckabee of Arkansas growled about "illegal
people" rushing in "because they ve heard
that there is a bowl of food just across the
Politicians are right that a demographic
revolution is under way, but their panic
about immigration and the national interest
is misguided. America needs its Latinos. To
prosper, it must not exclude them, but rather
help them to realise their potential.
Those who whip up border fever are
wrong on the facts. The southern frontier
has never been harder to cross. Recent His-
panic population growth mostly has been
driven by births, not fresh immigration.
Even if the borders could somehow be sealed
and every unauthorised migrant deported,
which would be cruel and impossible, some
48 million legally resident Hispanics would
remain. Latino growth will not be stopped.
They are also wrong about demography.
From Europe to northeast Asia, the 21st
century risks being an age of old people,
slow growth and sour, timid politics. Swelling
armies of the elderly will fight to defend
their pensions and other public services.
Between now and mid-century, Germany s
median age will rise to 52. China s population
growth will flatten and then fall, and its
labor force already is shrinking.
Not America s. By 2050 its median age
will be a sprightly 41 and its population still
will be growing. Latinos will be a big part
of that story.
The nativists fret that Hispanics will be
a race apart, tied to homelands racked by
corruption and crime. Early migrants from
Europe, they note, built new lives an ocean
away from their ancestral lands. Hispanics,
by contrast, can maintain ties with relatives
who stayed behind, thanks to cheap flights
and Skype. This fear is wildly exaggerated.
People can love two countries, the same
way that loving your spouse does not mean
that you love your mother less.
Nativists are distracting America from
the real task, which is to make Hispanic
integration a success.
An unprecedented test of social mobility
looms. Today s Latinos are poorer and
worse-educated than the American average.
As a vast, mostly white cohort of middle-
class baby boomers retires, America must
educate the young Hispanics who will
replace them, or the whole country will suf-
fer.Some states understand what is at stake
and are passing laws to make college cheaper
for children with good grades but the wrong
legal status. Others are going backward:
Texas Republicans are debating whether to
make college costlier for undocumented
students, a baffling move in a state where,
by 2050, Hispanic workers will outnumber
whites three to one.
Politicians of both left and right will have
to change their tune. For a start, they will
have to stop treating Hispanics as almost
a single-issue group, as either villains or
victims of the immigration system. Almost
1 million Latinos reach voting age each year.
With every election Hispanics will want to
hear less about immigration and more about
school reform, affordable health care and
policies to help them get into the middle
Republicans have the most work ahead.
The party has done a wretched job of making
Latinos feel welcome, and has suffered for
it at the polls. Only 27 per cent of Hispanics
voted for Mitt Romney, the Republican pres-
idential candidate in 2012, after he suggested
that life should be made so miserable for
migrants without legal papers that they
Democrats have no reason to be smug,
however. Most Latinos do not vote at all.
As they grow more prosperous, their votes
will be up for grabs. Former Gov. Jeb Bush
of Florida, a putative 2016 White House
contender who is married to a Latina, has
wooed Latinos by saying that illegal migra-
tion is often an act of family "love."
Since their votes cannot be taken for
granted, Hispanics will become ever more
influential. This is especially true of those
who leave the Catholic church to become
Protestants. This subset already outnumbers
Jewish-Americans, and is that rare thing, a
true swing electorate, having backed Bill
Clinton, George W. Bush and Barack Obama.
America should welcome the competition.
Its sclerotic democracy needs swing voters.
Anxious Americans should have more
faith in their system. High-school-gradu-
ation rates are rising among Latinos, while
teenage pregnancy is falling. Intermarriage
between Hispanics and others is rising. The
children and grandchildren of immigrants
are learning English, the same way immi-
grants of the past did.
They are bringing something new too. A
distinctive, bilingual Hispanic-American
culture is blurring old distinctions between
Mexican-Americans and other Latinos. That
culture s swaggering soft power can be felt
across the Spanish-speaking world - in, for
example, artists such as Romeo Santos, a
bachata singer of Dominican-Puerto Rican
stock, raised in the Bronx. His name is
unknown to many Anglos, but he has sold
out Yankee Stadium in New York, twice,
and 50,000-seat stadiums from Buenos
Aires to Mexico City. One of his hits, "Prop-
uesta Indecente" (2013), has been viewed
on Youtube more than 600 million times.
America has been granted an extraordinary
stroke of luck: a big dose of youth and ener-
gy, even as its global competitors are graying.
Making the most of this chance will take
pragmatism and goodwill.
Get it right, and a diverse, outward-facing
America will have much to teach the world.
@2015 The Economist Newspaper Ltd.
Distributed by the New York Times Syn-
petitiveness and sustainability, and create awareness
among regional policy makers of its importance to
the sector. Among its main outcomes, this project
will facilitate the development of a regional TVET
framework for the tourism sector, which would support
the implementation of future professional training
and capacity-building programmes, and thus con-
tribute to strengthening the competencies and pro-
ductivity of the region s human resources.
Yet another advantage of a having a sustainable
tourism policy is to facilitate government s heightened
involvement in the activities of the tourism sector.
If policies are implemented, leading to decrees and
laws being entered into force, the result should be
an increased effectiveness and efficiency of tourism
It is with this understanding that the ACS, in col-
laboration with the National University of Colombia
and the Colombia-based Centre for Caribbean
Thought, will be hosting a workshop on Components
for the Creation of Public Policies for Sustainable
Tourism Development on the Island of San Andrés
from March 18 to 20 in San Andrés, Colombia.
The workshop is designed to inform the develop-
ment of a sustainable tourism policy for San Andrés,
based on best practises and lessons learnt from other
countries in the region, and guide next steps as the
Colombian Government seeks to promote the island
as a global tourism destination.
A distinguished panel of speakers will address the
gathering including the ACS Secretary General,
Ambassador Alfonso Múnera who will present per-
spective on obstacles and challenges facing tourism
in the Greater Caribbean in his key-note address.
Other high-level speakers include Anasha Campbell,
executive secretary, Central American Tourism Inte-
gration Secretariat (SITCA), who will deliver a pres-
entation on development policies for Sustainable
Tourism in Central America, and Julio Orozco, ACS
director of sustainable tourism, who will present on
the ACS Sustainable Tourism Zone of the Greater
Caribbean indicating the opportunities and benefits
afforded to countries, in this regard.
Presentations will also be delivered by a represen-
tative of the Ministry of Tourism of Jamaica, the
Guatemalan Tourism Institute (INGUAT) and the
University of Guadalajara, Mexico, on themes such
as cultural tourism, community development and
sustainable destination management among others.
The workshop is expected to culminate with a dis-
cussion on the document: Formulation of Components
for a sustainable tourism public policy in San Andrés
and Providencia, which provides the draft framework
for the development of San Andrés Sustainable
As the region seeks to maintain its status as the
world s leading tourism destination, it is important
that all countries have a comprehensive, clear and
effective public policy developed that is enforced and
can inform its activities relative to the sustainable
development of tourism.
Cognisant of the advantages of having a fully
functional policy whether regional or territorial, it
remains that its implementation can only serve to
enhance the tourism activities of the Greater
Caribbean, at both the local or regional levels.
The ACS, recognising the benefits of such policies,
will continue to foster the necessary tools for the
successful and effective establishment of the afore-
mentioned through workshops and further research.
Julio Orozco is the director of sustainable tourism
of the Association of Caribbean States and Tevin
Gall is the research assistant of the directorate
of sustainable tourism. Any feedback or comments
should be sent to email@example.com
From Page 22
Latinos in America:
Opportunity for the taking
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