Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : April 29th 2015 Contents A28
body & soul
Guardian www.guardian.co.tt Wednesday, April 29, 2015
Applications are invited from suitably qualified persons for employment, on contract, in the following posi-
tion in the Information Technology (IT) Unit of the Inland Revenue Division (IRD), Ministry of Finance and
The Senior Database Specialist is responsible for architecting and managing backups and the storage management envi-
ronment at IRD which go beyond normal database management activities. In addition the Senior Database Specialists must
monitor capacity, tune disk requirements, and manage database space requirements.
o Architects and manages the storage management environment including SANS and backup software for
Veritas, Arcserve and Tivoli Storage Manager.
o Collaborates with other IT workgroups and clients to ensure all data, systems files, configurations,
permission settings and software are backed up and verified on an established schedule.
o Participates and conducts testing to confirm the ability to restore systems, files, databases, permissions and
settings for all IRD systems.
o Proposes and implements system enhancements (software and hardware updates) that will improve the
performance and reliability of the systems.
o Monitors capacity of SANS, hard drives, magnetic media, etc. to plan and procure replacements or
o Creates Computer Operator guidelines to direct Operators on jobs to run, common error messages,
routine error resolution directions, escalation procedures for errors when necessary and reporting requirements.
o Reviews previous night backups and other storage jobs to verify acceptable job completion or to take
corrective actions as necessary.
o Collaborates with BSD on new programmes or act as a member of the Special Projects staff to determine
storage capacity requirements or changes resulting from programming changes, third party data
o Share 7 x 24 on-call duties. Works some non-core hours and travels to remote sites as may be required.
o Degree in Computer Science/ Electrical Engineering or related field
o Three years' experience in administering two or more large and complex databases.
o High level of knowledge relating to Storage Management architectures, operations and troubleshooting methods
o Experience in Disaster Recovery Planning
o Training in Tivoli Storage Manager
o Experience with Windows Server administration
TAXPAYER RELATIONS SECTION
"Changing the way we interact with People!"
A loud snorer can wake up a whole household
without having a clue.
"There s always a certain level of denial," says Kath-
leen Bennett, a Cincinnati dentist who specialises in
treating sleep breathing problems. "People come in
all the time and say, I have no problem sleeping, but
my wife is complaining. "
If that rings a bell, sleep experts say, it could be
time for a chat with your doctor. You may have a case
of physically harmless, if annoying, snoring---or your
snoring could be a sign of a more serious health prob-
The big concern: obstructive sleep apnea, a condition
in which blocked airways cause people to stop breathing
many times a night, disrupting sleep and cutting off
oxygen to the body and brain. Untreated apnea can
lead to high blood pressure, heart attack, stroke, obesity
and diabetes---and the sleepiness it causes can con-
tribute to accidents at work and on the road, according
to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.
Sleep apnea also is linked with cognitive decline,
and a study published this month strengthens that
link. It shows that people with untreated apnea develop
so-called "mild cognitive impairment"---memory loss
worse than that typically associated with aging---about
a decade sooner than otherwise similar people.
While the study did not specifically link snoring
with mental decline, snoring often is a symptom of
obstructive sleep apnea, says lead researcher Ricardo
Osorio of the NYU Langone Medical Center in New
In fact, studies indicate most snorers do not have
sleep apnea. One of the most rigorous, published in
1993 in the New England Journal of Medicine, tested
habitual snorers ages 30 to 60 and found no signs of
sleep apnea in 81 per cent of the female snorers and
66 per cent of the male snorers. But seven per cent
of the female snorers and 17 per cent of the male
snorers had severe apnea---meaning their breathing
stopped at least 15 times an hour, putting them at risk
for serious health damage.
So how do you know whether your snoring is the
You can t figure it out on your own, says Shalini
Paruthi, a sleep medicine specialist at Saint Louis Uni-
versity and education chair for the American Academy
of Sleep Medicine. "It s really important to get it
checked out by a doctor," she says.
You should expect the doctor to take a full medical
history, ask about the nature of your snoring---including
whether a bed partner ever hears you gasping for
breath---and ask about daytime sleepiness, Paruthi
For example, you might be asked if you get sleepy
while reading, watching TV or driving.
Unexplained daytime sleepiness, even without snor-
ing, is grounds for a sleep study, an overnight test in
which your brain waves, breathing patterns and oxygen
levels are recorded, say guidelines from the American
College of Physicians. Ideally, the test is done in a
sleep lab, but if that s not possible, a portable home
test is OK, the group says.
If you do have severe apnea, the gold standard treat-
ment is CPAP: continuous positive airway pressure.
You wear a mask or nose piece attached to a small
machine that supplies steady, mild air pressure to keep
your airway open as you sleep.
For people with mild to moderate apnea, there s
another good option: a custom device that looks like
an athletic mouth guard and helps keep the airway
open. That s where dentists like Bennett come in.
She s president of the American Academy of Dental
Sleep Medicine. Members are trained to make and fit
so-called oral-appliances for patients diagnosed with
Snorers, with and without sleep apnea, can do other
things to help themselves (and their often-exhausted,
exasperated bed partners), according to the sleep acad-
emy: Lose weight. Change sleep positions. Many people
Is your snoring a health
hazard? How to find out
snore more when they sleep on their backs. So try
sleeping on your side. If you keep finding yourself on
your back, try attaching a tennis ball to your back or
buy a cushion meant to prevent back-sleeping. Avoid
alcohol, muscle relaxants and other medications that
might relax your airway and contribute to snoring.
YOUR DAILY HEALTH
News and Advice
Untreated apnea can lead
to high blood pressure,
heart attack, stroke,
obesity and diabetes.
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