Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : April 29th 2015 Contents A29
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Repeated alcohol exposure during
adolescence results in long-lasting
changes in the region of the brain
that controls learning and memory,
according to a research team at
Duke Medicine that used a rodent
model as a surrogate for humans.
The study, published Monday in
the journal Alcoholism: Clinical &
Experimental Research, provides
new insights at the cellular level for
how alcohol exposure during
adolescence, before the brain is fully
developed, can result in cellular and
synaptic abnormalities that have
enduring, detrimental effects on
Lead author Mary-Louise Risher,
PhD, a post-doctoral researcher in
the Duke Department of Psychiatry
and Behavioral Sciences states: "It's
important for young people to know
that when they drink heavily during
this period of development, there
could be changes occurring that
have a lasting impact on memory
and other cognitive functions."
---Duke University Medical Center
Your adolescent brain on alcohol: Changes last into adulthood
Above, Margaret Busby today.
At left, Busby in 1967, editing at the
Allison & Busby publishing house.
PHOTO COURTESY MARGARET BUSBY
"You should not be put off from
starting things because of what you
haven t got. People often say: Oh, I
can t do that, I haven t got enough money.
Did I have any money when I just started?
I had no money, I had no experience, I was
very young," commented British writer and
editor Margaret Busby in a Skype interview
with the T&T Guardian last Friday.
"I knew nothing," said Busby, of the time
back in the late 1960s, when, with a freshly
minted Honours English degree from London
University, she bravely started the small inde-
pendent publishing house Allison and Busby
(A&B) with fellow English graduate Clive
Margaret Busby became the UK s youngest
and first black woman publisher when A&B
Ltd launched in 1967 on a shoestring budget.
It began as a part-time evening and weekend
gig, printing poetry in paperback at affordable
prices, after both young people had finished
day jobs in the lower ranks of "grown-up
"With the first A&B titles, we didn t even
know how many copies to print, so ended
up with 15,000 poetry paperbacks and no
distribution. Our distribution was stopping
people in the street, saying: Do you want to
buy a book? " said Busby, adding: "I designed
some of the covers myself. We started with
nothing but ideals. You needn t say: I ll wait
till I have money . Start from where you are.
Your biggest asset is your own energy."
Busby has done a great many things since
then. In addition to being a pioneering inde-
pendent publisher of radical and literary works,
she is also an editor, a writer, a journalist, a
critic, a literary judge, and has been a television
and radio broadcaster. She presented the shows
Break for Women (BBC African Service), Talking
Africa (for the Africa Centre, Spectrum Radio),
as well as appearing on a range of programmes
including Kaleidoscope, Front Row, Open Book,
Woman s Hour, and Democracy Now!
"I ve always loved radio," she said. "I think
radio is much more interesting than television.
Someone (Steve Allen) once said: Radio is the
theatre of the mind, and television is the theatre
of the mindless. "
Busby has scripted abridgements and drama-
tisations of works for BBC Radio4, including
by Lawrence Scott (Witchbroom), Walter Mosley
(Devil in a Blue Dress), Wole Soyinka (Ake: The
Years of Childhood), Henry Louis Gates Jr (Col-
ored People), CLR James (Beyond a Boundary),
Timothy Mo (The Monkey King), Sam Selvon
(The Lonely Londoners) and Jean Rhys (Wide
Creative, open-minded publishing
But above all, Margaret Busby has helped
propel many ethnically diverse, previously neg-
lected stories of people into the world through
Continued on Page A30
Margaret Busby OBE to receive the
2015 Bocas Henry Swanzy Award
On Thursday, April 30, at the NGC Bocas
Lit Fest, Margaret Busby OBE will be
recognised for her important role in
advancing Caribbean writing. She will
receive the 2015 Bocas Henry Swanzy
Award. The T&T Guardian interviewed
Busby last Friday about her experiences
in the world of publishing, writing and
the value of hearing diverse voices in
the stories that help shape and reflect
who we are.
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