Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : May 21st 2015 Contents B22
Guardian www.guardian.co.tt Thursday, May 21, 2015
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An app designed to make surfing on
YouTube safer for children has come under
fire for linking to "inappropriate" content.
Two child advocacy groups have flagged up
videos that they say "would be extremely dis-
turbing for young children to view."
They have lodged a complaint with the US
regulator Federal Trade Commission, according
to the Wall Street Journal.
YouTube said any inappropriate videos
flagged up to it would be removed.
The complaint, filed by the Campaign for a
Commercial-Free Childhood and the Center
for Digital Democracy, claims that the groups
found links to videos with explicit sexual lan-
guage, jokes about paedophilia and drug use
and adult discussions about violence, pornog-
raphy and suicide.
"Google promised parents that YouTube Kids
would deliver appropriate content for children,
but it has failed to fulfil its promise," Aaron
Mackey, a lawyer representing the groups told
the Wall Street Journal.
A YouTube spokesperson told the BBC: "We
work to make the videos in YouTube Kids as
family friendly as possible and take feedback
"We appreciate people drawing problematic
content to our attention, and make it possible
for anyone to flag a video.
Flagged videos are manually reviewed 24/7
and any videos that don t belong in the app
Parents can also turn off the search function
in the app which limits what content children
YouTube Kids was launched in the US only
in February, claiming to offer specially curated
video content suitable for children.
It found itself in hot water in April when a
group of child safety experts complained that
the app mixed programming with branded
videos from companies such as McDonald s,
Mattel and Hasbro. (BBC)
YouTube Kids app draws
complaints about content
• From Page B21
Tea-ism versus coffee-ism
Berman proposes that coffee and
tea therefore illustrate two different
philosophical outlooks. Tea is about
the way many different flavour com-
ponents complement each other, he
says---recalling the Eastern concept
that all beings are interconnected.
Coffee, by contrast, is defined by that
single key ingredient caffeol, which
stands apart from the other flavours---
perhaps an apt metaphor for a West-
ern tendency to draw boundaries
between the body and spirit, say. I
have a feeling he might not persuade
Coffee s single ingredient, however,
can be deceiving. Taking a sip, I feel
as though the distinctive caffeol
flavour is firing up my tongue, yet
this is an illusion.
To explain why, Berman tells me
to hold my nose as I take another sip.
All I am left with is a faint ghost of
the original flavour. "That s one of
the surprises in it," he says.
"You think you are tasting coffee
but if you engage in introspection,
you realise it s actually a smell that
is misperceived as a taste."
As coffee connoisseurs will tell you,
that central motif doesn t prevent
baristas from composing many dif-
ferent variations around the theme.
A light roast will allow the coffee s
acids to shine through, giving a
"brighter" quality. In contrast, a
longer, darker roast leads to the build-
up of new proteins and enzymes
inside the bean. These chemicals con-
stitute the "body" of a coffee; they
can make it feel heavier, more viscous,
and they blunt the edges of the acid.
Berman says that the pendulum of
our taste has swung between sour
and light, or dark and bitter, over the
decades. Earlier coffees were the full-
bodied dark-roasted kind, before the
first wave of industrially-produced
coffees favoured a sourer, more acidic
taste (the tinned supermarket coffee
of my youth). Then came the second
wave, introduced by coffee shops like
Starbucks and Costa, that returned
to more bitter tastes, before the arti-
san shops of the third wave again
favoured a more acidic and aromatic
This see-saw between two extremes
might illustrate something deeper
about human personality more gen-
erally, he thinks. He suspects that a
taste for bitter versus aromatic coffee
represents a fundamental mental
"type", you are either in one camp or
the other, and you will find it very
difficult to understand the other s
"What you find in coffee tasting
shows in a number of important ways
how people disagree about funda-
mental matters," he says.
My conversation with Berman has
certainly given me plenty of food (or
drink) for thought. As I drain the last
dregs from my mug, I realise that I
haven t taken so much pleasure in a
cup of Joe for a long time. Even if
you re not persuaded by coffee s value
to philosophy, perhaps Berman has a
point about the value of introspection
and contemplation. When it comes
to probing our inner experiences and
open our minds to our senses, we d
all do well to wake up and smell the
coffee from time to time. (BBC)
"You think you are tasting
coffee but if you engage in
introspection, you realise
it's actually a smell that is
misperceived as a taste."
Trinity College, Dublin
'Coffee tasting shows
how people disagree'
we drink coffee,
we are taking in
making it more
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