Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : May 26th 2015 Contents A28
body & soul
Guardian www.guardian.co.tt Tuesday, May 26, 2015
CENTRAL TENDERS BOARD
TENDER FOR THE SUPPLY AND DELIVERY OF ONE (1) MOTOR GRADER TO THE
PRINCES TOWN REGIONAL CORPORATION, MINISTRY OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT
Tenders are invited for the supply and delivery of One (1) Motor Grader to the Princes Town
Regional Corporation, Ministry of Local Government.
Tender documents can be collected during normal working hours at the Central Tenders
Board's Office, 116 Frederick Street, Port of Spain. Telephone number 625-4330;
Any technical information can be obtained during normal working hours from Mr. Adesh
Balraj, Workshop Foreman, Princes Town Regional Corporation at telephone numbers 655-
2415 / 655-2417 Ext 268; Mobile: 357-0219.
Tenders must be accompanied by valid:-
(i) Income Tax and Value Added Tax Clearance Certificates by the Board of Inland
Revenue and dated not more than six (6) months prior to the closing date of the
(ii) Certificate of Compliance issued in accordance with the National Insurance Act.
Tenders on the approved tender forms IN DUPLICATE, should be placed in sealed envelopes
clearly marked on the outside:-
"TENDER FOR THE SUPPLY AND DELIVERY OF ONE (1) MOTOR GRADER TO THE
PRINCES TOWN REGIONAL CORPORATION, MINISTRY OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT"
The envelopes must be addressed to the Chairman, Central Tenders Board, 116 Frederick
Street, Port of Spain must be deposited in the BROWN Tenders Box located in the lobby of
the Board's Office not later than 1.00 p.m. on Thursday June 11, 2015.
Tenders will be opened publicly at the Board's Office shortly thereafter. The tenderer or his
authorized representative may be present at the opening.
Tenderers should note that the dimension of the slot of the Tenders Box is 37.5 cm x 5.5
cm and tenders should therefore be packaged accordingly.
Late tenders will not be considered in any circumstances.
The Board does not bind itself to accept the lowest or any other tender.
The Central Tenders Board reserves the right to cancel the present notice in its entirety or
partially, without defraying any cost incurred by any firm in submitting their tender.
Tenderers are advised that they can visit website http://www.finance.gov.tt all published
Central Tenders Board
CTB: 25/2/18 Vol. XIV
May 20, 2015
As people get older, their bodies
change. They can develop health prob-
lems or chronic diseases. They may
take more medications than they used
to. All of these changes can make alco-
hol use a problem for older adults.
So what, exactly, is alcohol? Alcohol
is a chemical found in beverages like
beer, wine, and "hard" liquor such as
whiskey, vodka, and rum.
In a process called fermentation,
yeast converts the sugars naturally
found in grains and grapes into the
alcohol present in beer and wine.
Another process, distillation, separates
alcohol from the other substances in
the drink and makes it stronger. That s
the kind of alcohol found in hard liquor.
The chemical name for alcohol is
As people age, they may become
more sensitive to alcohol s effects. One
reason is that older people metabolise,
or break down, alcohol more slowly
than younger people. So, alcohol stays
in their bodies longer. Also, the amount
of water in the body goes down with
age. As a result, older adults have a
higher percentage of alcohol in their
blood than younger people after drink-
ing the same amount of alcohol.
Aging lowers the body s tolerance for
alcohol. This means that older adults
can experience the effects of alcohol,
such as slurred speech and lack of coor-
dination, more readily than when they
An older person can develop prob-
lems with alcohol even though his or
her drinking habits have not changed.
Drinking too much alcohol can cause
health problems. Heavy drinking over
time can damage the liver, the heart,
and the brain. It can increase the risk
of developing certain cancers and
immune system disorders as well as
damage muscles and bone.
Drinking too much alcohol can make
some health conditions worse. These
conditions include diabetes, high blood
pressure, congestive heart failure, liver
problems, and memory problems.
Other health issues include mood
disorders such as depression and anx-
iety. Adults with major depression are
more likely than adults without major
depression to have alcohol problems.
Many older adults take medicines
and herbal remedies. Drinking alcohol
can cause certain medicines to not work
properly and other medicines to become
more dangerous or even deadly.
Mixing alcohol and some medicines
can cause sleepiness, confusion, or lack
of coordination, which may lead to
accidents and injuries. It also may cause
nausea, vomiting, headaches, and other
more serious health problems.
Stress and six-pack abs just don't go
together. After all, when every shirt you
own has been soaked in stress-induced
sweat, why would you want to get your
heart pumping at the gym?
Perpetually too-high levels of stress---
and, more specifically, the stress
hormone cortisol---can do a number on
way more than your mental approach to
gym time. It can actually make your
muscles waste away and fat pack onto
your gut like you're preparing for
Check out these workout-wrecking
effects of chronic stress.
Say "bye" to muscles
When you're in the Serengeti
attempting to outrun lions, cortisol acts
to quickly increase your blood sugar and
give you the energy to hopefully win the
foot race, explains Jamie Zimmerman,
MD, a physician and Sonima.com
However, when you're stressed over
your boss chewing you out or being
stuck in traffic, cortisol still works to give
you fight-or-flight energy. The serious
downside is that cortisol will do this by
any means necessary, breaking down
muscle tissue and converting into
glucose, she says. With chronic stress,
you can actually see your muscles shrink.
It's called "muscle wasting."
Testing your testosterone
Testosterone is one of the key
hormones behind muscle hypertrophy
(aka growth). As luck would have it,
though, cortisol acts in the brain to
inhibit testosterone production,
according to research from the
University of California, Berkeley.
Without that testosterone, you will build
less muscle during each of your
workouts, says sports medicine specialist
Jason J Brucker, MD, assistant professor
of orthopedic surgery in at the NYU
Langone Medical Center. Add that to the
fact that cortisol is simultaneously
breaking down your muscles for energy,
and you might end up reaping zero
muscle gains from your workouts.
Not only can stress keep your mind
busy at bedtime, but since cortisol helps
regulate your circadian rhythms, chronic
stress can make good sleep just about a
biological impossibility, Brucker says.
Without proper sleep, your body will
crave even more sugar, fat, and calories
for energy and according to research in
the Journal of the American Medical
Association, your muscle-building
testosterone levels will dip even further.
Plus, when you slack on sleep, cortisol
levels rise. And so the cycle continues.
YOUR DAILY HEALTH
News and advice
harder as you age
Older people take longer to metabolise alcohol so they should be careful to monitor their intake.
Some ways that stress
is ruining your workout
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