Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : May 26th 2015 Contents A29
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The UK government has started
selling off Internet addresses that it
no longer uses. The first group of
150,000 addresses has been snapped
up by a Norwegian firm called Alti-
box for about £600,000.
The addresses are becoming valu-
able because the Net has almost out-
grown the addressing scheme it
adopted in the 1970s.
If the UK government sells off all
the surplus addresses it owns it could
get up to £15m. However, some fear
that as the addresses are shared out
more widely, data could go astray.
The surplus addresses are part of a
much bigger block of 16 million ad-
dresses given to the Department of
Work and Pensions in 1993. Earlier
this year, the DWP started a project
to see how many of these IP ad-
dresses could be freed.
An official report produced before
the DWP began its investigation sug-
gested that 70 per cent of the massive
block was used for the UK govern-
ment s internal network, leaving
about five million free for disposal.
UK sells off unused net addresses
Yesterday, we explored the issue of vio-
lence against women in T&T, and inter-
viewed Carol Daniel, who is the founder
and president of the NGO Caribbean Devel-
opment Foundation (NCDF). The NCDF
recently completed a five-year Violence
Against Women campaign (2010-2014),
resulting in its key document of recom-
mendations called The Cascadia Protocol.
The document recommends better police
training, a Domestic Violence Unit, state
funding for women s shelters, mandatory
counseling for offenders, and other key rec-
ommendations to help regional governments
develop better, more effective policies to help
women facing violence in the home.
The recommendations come from a wide
consultation process with NGOs and other
stakeholders across the Caricom region, done
over several years. The Netherlands, The
British Foreign & Commonwealth Office,
and the Polish Ministry of Foreign Affairs
funded this Caribbean-wide consultation
The Cascadia Protocol has been adapted
for different countries. The one for T&T was
submitted to T&T government representatives
in September 2014. So far, the T&T govern-
ment has not formally responded to it.
Today, we publish a summary of the key
recommendations in the document.
The Cascadia Protocol can be downloaded
from the NCDF Web site at: www.ngo-
Cascadia Protocol recommendations
• Sensitivity training. Train police and
Family Circuit Court judges in how to deal
with victims of domestic violence.
• Domestic Violence Unit. Create a
Domestic Violence Unit in each police station.
DVU police should be trained in how to
investigate cases of sexual assault, including
assault of children, as well as how to deal
with domestic violence victims. DVU police
officers should also have mandatory psy-
• Secure the shelters. Properly secure
shelters for abused women and children,
with 24-hour camera monitoring.
• Health sector. Have health workers do
mandatory reporting of all suspected domes-
tic violence cases.
• Create procedures. Develop a clear, stan-
dardised set of procedures to allow police,
health, social and community workers to
work with each other routinely and easily in
domestic violence cases.
• Forensic nursing. Fund a tertiary level
course in forensic nursing. Have at least one
forensic nurse in every hospital emergency
• Collect data. Have a systematic, uniform
system to collect data on domestic violence,
to inform statistical analysis and understand-
ing. Right now, there s no single system which
does this well.
• Mandatory counseling for violent
offenders. Where an order of protection
against a potentially violent spouse or partner
is issued by the court, an automatic order
for mandatory counseling for the respondent
should also be issued---to include a six-month
anger management programme.
• Counseling for victims. Make coun-
selling available for women, children, and
any victims of violence in the home.
• Train mental health workers. Help them
give better advice and help to victims of
domestic violence and sexual assault.
• Educate youth. Introduce programmes
for teens and young adults in secondary
schools, to inform them of appropriate and
inappropriate behaviour in any intimate rela-
• Witness protection programme. Create
one specifically for domestic violence victims
at risk of being hurt or murdered. In extreme
cases, they could be relocated to another
• State funding of NGO-run shelters.
Shelters run by NGO staff have much more
commitment, flexibility, and experience in
helping domestic violence victims than state
bodies. So let them do it and provide help
(Compiled by SA, from
The Cascadia Protocol, 2014)
NGOs recommend ways to aid violated women
WHAT IS DOMESTIC ABUSE?
Domestic abuse between partners is
when one person in an intimate
relationship tries to control or dominate
the other. The abuser uses fear and
intimidation and may threaten or actually
use physical violence. Key elements are:
intimidation, humiliation, and physical
Domestic abuse can happen not just
between partners (eg: between husband
and wife, between unmarried partners
living together, or between a gay couple); it
also happens to children, elders, and others.
Often, people who abuse their partners will
also abuse the children or other vulnerable
people in the home.
Under Section 3 of the Domestic
Violence Act of T&T (1999), domestic
violence includes "physical, sexual,
emotional, psychological or financial abuse
committed by a person against a spouse,
child or any other person who is a member
of the household or a dependant."
Domestic abuse is not a result of losing
control; domestic abuse is intentionally
trying to control another person. Domestic
abuse can occur during a relationship, when
a couple is breaking up, or after they have
separated. (Sources: American Academy of
Experts in Traumatic Stress, and the
DOMESTIC VIOLENCE MYTHS
• Domestic violence only happens in poor
communities (not true; it happens across
• Some people deserve to be hit (no one
deserves to be abused).
• Alcohol, drug abuse, stress, and mental
illness cause domestic violence (they don't,
though they may go along with it).
• Domestic violence is a personal
problem between a husband and a wife
(it's a national health problem, affecting
entire families, national crime statistics,
and future cycles of violence).
• If it were that bad, she would just leave.
There are many reasons why women may
not leave an abusive relationship, including
love for their children, a lack of income, and
psychological or mental health issues.
Also, the most dangerous time for a
woman to be abused is when she tries to
leave. (Source: US Department of Justice
1995 National Crime Victim Survey)
Carol Daniel is founder and president of the
NGO Caribbean Development Foundation
(NCDF). PHOTO: MARCUS GONZALES
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