Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : June 8th 2015 Contents Guardian www.guardian.co.tt Monday, June 8, 2015
21. Where does the Redwood Tree get its
A. Its bark
B. Its characteristics
C. Its colour
D. Its name
22. Redwood trees have been in existence for
what period of time?
A. Since the 1850
B. 34,000 years
C. 85,000 years
D. 60 million years
23. The life span of the redwood tree is believed
A. >500 <700 years
B. 700 years
C. 2000 years
D. < 2000 years
Redwoods thrive in the moist climate of the North-
ern California's near-coast region which often
records more than 100 inches of rainfall a year. Dur-
ing the summer, fog from the Pacific rolls over the
redwood forest, moistening the greenery and pro-
tecting the trees from the season's high tempera-
tures. Scientists estimate that a large redwood can
hold 34,000 pounds of water.
Redwoods are evergreen conifers, or trees that pro-
duce cones such as pines and spruces. Rather than
leaves, they have green needles that they retain
year round. Redwoods reproduce either from seeds
similar in size to those found in a tomato, or from
spouts that emerge from the forest's complex root
system. Known as one of the world's the fastest
growing trees, redwoods can gain five to seven feet
in height each year.
Redwoods can grow up to 22 feet in diameter. The
cinnamon-coloured bark that gives the trees their
name is usually 12 inches thick, and protects red-
woods from insects, birds and fungus. Their bark,
which contains plenty of water-based sap, also pro-
tects the trees from forest fires. Although red-
woods have no natural predators, they have a
shallow root system that digs roughly 10 to 13 feet
into the ground before spreading 60 to 80 feet out-
ward. Those roots would normally put such tall
trees in danger of being ripped free and toppled by
high winds. However, each tree intertwines is roots
with those of nearby trees, adding strength and sta-
bility to the group or grove.
Forestry researchers have recently discovered a
wide range of plants and animals that live in the
redwood canopy creating a unique ecosystem 300
feet above ground. In addition to ferns, and trees
such as firs, spruce and western hemlock, the re-
searchers also found shrubs such as gooseberry
and elderberry. That plant life supports inspects,
worms, birds, salamanders and small mammals
such as voles.
Roughly 45 percent of today's redwood trees are lo-
cated safely within the borders of the National and
State Redwood Park and the Humboldt Redwoods
State Park. However, the trees can also be seen in
the Big Sur region near the Santa Lucia Mountains.
There are also several groves of Redwoods just over
the Oregon border on the edge of the Klamath
(Article by Laura Scott ehow contributor
Continued on the next page
24. What impact has the logging industry had on the
A. Changes in climatic conditions
B. The tree population is diminishing
C. Trees developing a shallow root system
D. The ecosystem is being eroded
25. The term "evergreen" as used in the text means
NEARLY the same as
A. Forever Living (line 2)
B. Trees that produce cones (line 14)
C. Green needles that retain year round (line 15)
D. A unique ecosystem (line 27)
26, Based on your understanding of the passage, how
are trees classified?
A. By Size
B. By Age
C. By Colour
D. By Name
27. In the writer's view the seeds of the redwood tree
bear resemblance to
28. What is the redwood tree's mechanism of de-
A. Its ability to retain water
B. Its bark
C. Its needles
D. Its root system
29. Identify the MOST redeeming feature of the red-
A. Its self-sufficiency
B. Its size and stature
C. Its historic value
D. Its provision for an ecosystem
30. What is the MAIN point of paragraph 7?
A. Redwood trees are protected by the state.
B. Redwood trees are visible in other places.
C. The writer directs the reader to where
redwood trees can be found.
D. Redwood trees are not as rare as first thought.
DIRECTIONS: Read the poem carefully before attempting the questions. Each question has four options, select the most
appropriate answer, based on what is implied or stated in the poem.
MY FATHER WAS A FARMER: A BALLAD
MY father was a farmer upon the Carrick border, O,
And carefully he bred me in decency and order, O;
He bade me act a manly part, though I had ne'er a farthing, O;
For without an honest manly heart, no man was worth regarding, O. 4
Then out into the world my course I did determine, O;
Though' to be rich was not my wish, yet to be great was charming, O;
My talents they were not the worst, nor yet my education, O:
Resolv'd was I at least to try to mend my situation, O.
In many a way, and vain essay, I courted Fortune's favour, O;
Some cause unseen still stept between, to frustrate each endeavour, O;
Sometimes by foes I was o'erpower'd, sometimes by friends forsaken, O;
And when my hope was at the top, I still was worst mistaken, O 12
Then sore harass'd and tir'd at last, with Fortune's vain delusion, O,
I dropt my schemes, like idle dreams, and came to this conclusion, O;
The past was bad, and the future hid, its good or ill untried, O;
But the present hour was in my pow'r, and so I would enjoy it, O. 16
No help, nor hope, nor view had I, nor person to befriend me, O;
So I must toil, and sweat, and moil, and labour to sustain me, O;
To plough and sow, to reap and mow, my father bred me early, O;
For one, he said, to labour bred, was a match for Fortune fairly, O. 20
Thus all obscure, unknown, and poor, thro' life I'm doom'd to wander, O,
Till down my weary bones I lay in everlasting slumber, O:
No view nor care, but shun whate'er might breed me pain or sorrow, O;
I live to-day as well's I may, regardless of to-morrow, O.
But cheerful still, I am as well as a monarch in his palace, O,
Tho' Fortune's frown still hunts me down, with all her wonted malice, O:
I make indeed my daily bread, but ne'er can make it farther, O:
But as daily bread is all I need, I do not much regard her, O.
When sometimes by my labour, I earn a little money, O,
Some unforeseen misfortune comes gen'rally upon me, O;
Mischance, mistake, or by neglect, or my goodnatur'd folly, O:
But come what will, I've sworn it still, I'll ne'er be melancholy, O. 32
All you who follow wealth and power with unremitting ardour, O,
The more in this you look for bliss, you leave your view the farther, O:
Had you the wealth Potosi boasts, or nations to adore you, O,
A cheerful honest-hearted clown I will prefer before you, O.
By Robert Burns
31. How did the Father's occupation influence the poet's
A. The Farmer raised his son to be a farmer.
B. The poet received an education to allow for a
C. The poet was raised to be a man
D. The poet's decision was independent of his father
32. What was the Farmer's legacy?
A. His success as a farmer
B. He raised his son to be a decent and productive
C. He did not have anything to leave for his son.
D. His exemplary character
33. "Though I had ne'er a farthing," is the same as
A. I lived a modest life
B. I had to make a way for myself
C. I had low self-esteem
D. I owned nothing
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