Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : June 10th 2015 Contents A29
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Cyber-thieves can reap
returns of almost 1,500 per
cent when they invest in ran-
somware, a study suggests.
Trustwave looked at how
much cash typical cybercrim-
inals spend and what their
potential profits might be.
It estimated it would cost
US$5,900 to buy a ransomware
kit that could return up to
US$90,000 in one month of
Experts said people should
take precautions and avoid pay-
ing up if they get hit.
Ransomware involves a mali-
cious programme infecting a
machine, scrambling key files
and then demanding the
machine s owner pay cash
before the data is unscrambled.
According to a report from
Intel-owned security firm
McAfee Labs, high-tech extor-
tion schemes nearly doubled in
the first three months of 2015.
"I was frankly stunned by
the figures we got from this,"
said Karl Sigler, a threat intel-
ligence specialist at Trustwave.
He said the company drew
its figures from information
available on hidden sites on Tor
and discussion forums available
on the wider web. (BBC)
Cyber-thieves cash in from malware
T here s a special passion
kayakers share, whether
they paddle for pleas-
ure, sport or simply to achieve a
zen-like bliss out on the water.
Jahson Alemu, a tall, dreadlocked
young man who is a marine biol-
ogist, has been kayaking for the
past 20 years.
"My first introduction was
through Sea Scouts," he said in a
short interview with the T&T
Guardian at last Saturday s Paddle
for the Planet at the Kayak Centre
in Chaguaramas, "and I ve always
been a water baby...If it involves
water and a boat, we ve done it at
Sea Scouts. And I enjoy kayaking
to this day."
The petite young woman Keshia
Theobalds, on the other hand, was
tried kayaking for the very first
time: "It s something to do on a
Saturday morning. My friends are
into it a lot...I always wanted to
try it, so I did, in a sit-on-top
kayak. I kayaked for maybe like an
hour, but it didn t seem like an
hour! It was more strenuous than
I thought---I kept taking breaks.
But I still enjoyed it a lot; it was
"As a beginner, there s no way
you can capsize in a sit-on-top
kayak; it s a very safe model. You
can even stand up in it," comment-
The earliest kayaks
...just for men
People have paddled in canoes
and kayaks for thousands of years---
to hunt fish and seals, for transport,
and even to practice burial rites.
The Inuit, Yup ik and Aleut peoples
of the far north are said to have
crafted the earliest kayaks for hunt-
ing trips in the sub-arctic.
These early, light kayak frames
were fashioned from the bones of
whales and pieces of wood, around
which men stretched seal or caribou
skins; boiled seal oil or caribou fat
kept the boats waterproof.
Early native kayaks were a very
personal craft, reports DC Hutchin-
son in The Complete Book of Sea
Each kayak would be built by the
man who used it, closely fitting his
size for maximum manoeuvrability;
his wife would help sew the skins.
And only men operated kayaks.
We ve come a long way since
then. By AD 900, kayaks were
being used in Europe. Germans
invented a revolutionary collapsible
kayak in the 1800s---it could be
carried in just two suitcases. Design
refinements and new materials
since the 1800s opened up kayaking
to a wide range of recreational and
sports practitioners of all ages, gen-
ders and backgrounds. In 1866, the
Royal Canoe Club held its first
And in 1936, kayaking and
canoeing started as competitive
sports during the Summer Olympic
Games in Berlin, Germany.
Today, most modern canoes and
kayaks are built from plastic; some
more expensive units are built with
fibreglass or carbon fibre and sim-
A few enthusiasts build wooden
craft. Kayaks come in many styles
to suit a person s size, paddling
type, and budget, and are more
hydrodynamic and durable.
Continues on Page A30
...From nature tours to competitive sport or relaxation
Four participants return from their Paddle for the Planet kayak trip on Saturday
in waters by the Kayak Centre in Williams Bay, Chaguaramas. PHOTO: JEFF MAYERS
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