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(d) You can eat all your cake, now but we'll eat some
of our cake (theirs; ours), later.
(e) His performance was very good but her perform-
ance (his; hers) was better.
C. INTERROGATIVE PRONOUNS
These pronouns introduce questions and include
who? whose? which? what? and whom?
Who? - asks questions only about persons.
Example: Who is this? Who is sitting by the
Whose? - seeks information about ownership.
Example: Whose dress is this? or Whose is
Which? - is used with persons or things.
Example: Which (person) is your brother?
Which is the smaller amount?
What? - seeks information about people and things.
Example: What is the name of the place
where you live? What game are
Whom? - Seeks information about people.
Example: Whom did you meet at the Mall,
*Note:-- Interrogative Pronouns often follow certain
prepositions. E.g. at, to, for, from, with.
From whom did you receive that gift? For whom
are you searching?
PRACTICE EXERCISE:- 5 (Refer to C, above)
Put in a suitable Interrogative pronoun in each
blank space to complete the following sentences.
With whom were you chatting, this morning?
(I) ______________ is the sweeter piece of water-
(ii) ______________ are you giving her?
(iii) ______________ is coming tomorrow?
(iv) ______________ is this person?
(v) For ______________ are you searching?
(vi) _____________ is happening this afternoon?
(vii) To _____________ are you sending this postcard?
(viii) __________________ ball is this?
D. DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS
These help us to point out or indicate particular
things or persons. Demonstrative pronouns in-
clude: Singular -- 'this' and 'that' and the plural
forms, 'these' and 'those'.
(a) This purse, here (This) is my purse.
(b) The shirts over there (Those) are my
PRACTICE EXERCISE:- 6 (Refer to D above)
Tick off one of the words within the brackets that
can replace each of the underlined phrase.
(1) The boys, here (Those ; These) are my friends.
(2) The girl, over there (This ; That) is my close
(3) Don't you think that the mangoes, over there
(these ; those) are quite ripe?
(4) The building, here, (That ; This) is the highest
building on our street.
SPELLING / VOCABULARY / PUNCTUATION /
SPELLING: WORDS FREQUENTLY MISSPELLED
1. There are some words because of their pro-
nunciations can easily lead to them being mis-
Here are some common examples of these:
2. Homophones -- words pronounced the same but
spelled differently and have different meanings
may also pose a problem for some. Sometimes
the "wrong" homophone is used in a sentence
and this is considered a spelling error.
Here are some common examples:
Have you ever heard the story about the hair
and the tortoise? (Wrong)
Have you ever heard the story about the hare
and the tortoise? (Correct)
3. Words containing "ie" and "ei":
RULE:ALWAYSuse "i" before "e" EXCEPT after "c"
Look at these words:
Martin was releived on hearing the good news.
4. Note also that there is a marked difference be-
tween the spelling of some English words in
the United Kingdom (UK) and the United
States of America (USA).
Trinidad and Tobago and most of the Caribbean
countries use the UK spelling, hence, if you use
the USA spelling, it may be considered incorrect.
Here are some common examples:
Children must be taught to honour their parents.
Children must be taught to honor their parents.
Note: There is another factor which we have to be
careful of, "text messaging!" The "language" of
text messaging is "creeping" into our writings.
I have seen children writing the abbreviations
used in text messaging such as "lol" in their
There is ONE (1) word spelled incorrectly in EACH
of the following sentences. Underline the word
that is misspelled. Write the correct spelling for
the misspelled word in the space provided after
The telefone rang incessantly. telephone
1. In Trinidad and Tobago the new school year be-
gins in Sectember. __________________
2. Heidi was very embarrassed when her shoe heel
broke off as she crossed the stage to recieve her
3. It is very difficult to calculate the height of a
three in the forest. __________________
4. Our Science labatory is presently undergoing
major repairs. __________________
5. Sita admited that she had deliberately omitted
our comments from the minutes of the meeting.
VOCABULARY: WORDS AND THEIR MEANINGS
You can sometime tell the meaning of a word be-
cause of "hints" given in the sentence in which it is
John is such an honest lad that he always
speaks the truth.
Note: The phrase "always speak the truth" gives us
a hint as to what the word "honest" means,
therefore, it is very easy to think about other
words that are similar in meaning to honest
sincere genuine straight earnest truthful
Use information given in EACH of the following
Correct Spelling Frequent Misspelling
United States of America
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