Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : June 12th 2015 Contents B1
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A military plane crash in
Spain was probably caused by
computer files being acciden-
tally wiped from three of its
engines, according to investi-
Plane-maker Airbus discov-
ered anomalies in the A400M s
data logs after the crash, sug-
gesting a software fault.
And it has now emerged that
Spanish investigators suspect
files needed to interpret its
engine readings had been deleted
This would have caused the
affected propellers to spin too
The aeroplane crashed near
Seville, during a test flight on
May 9, killing four crew mem-
bers on board.
Several countries that had
already accepted deliveries of
the plane---including the UK---
grounded them following the
However, Airbus has
announced it plans to fly one of
its own A400M aircraft at the
Paris Air Show next week.
"We have complete confi-
dence in the A400M, and we
are delighted to fly our demo as
planned," said Airbus executive
Fernando Alonso. (BBC)
Plane crash linked to data-wipe error
Christopher Lee, an
actor who brought
dramatic gravitas and
aristocratic bearing to screen
villains from Dracula to the
wicked wizard Saruman in The
Lord of the Rings trilogy, has
died at age 93.
Lee appeared in more than 250
movies, taking on memorable
roles such as the James Bond
enemy Scaramanga and the evil
Count Dooku in two Star Wars
But for many, he will forever
be known as the vampire Count
Dracula in a slew of gory, gothic
British Hammer Horror thrillers
churned out in the 1950s and
1960s that became hugely pop-
ular around the world.
He railed against the typecast-
ing, however, and ultimately the
sheer number and range of his
roles---including Sherlock Holmes
and the founder of Pakistan---
secured his place in film histo-
"I didn t have dreams of being
a romantic leading man," Lee told
The Associated Press in 2002.
"But I dreamed of being a char-
acter actor, which I am.
The Royal Borough of Kens-
ington and Chelsea in London
on Thursday issued a statement
confirming that Lee died June 7.
Lee s agent said his family
declined to comment or provide
Christopher Frank Carandini
Lee was born in London on May
27, 1922. His father was a British
army officer who had served in
the Boer War and his mother was
Contessa Estelle Marie Carandini
di Sarzano. His parents separated
when he was young, and his
mother later remarried Harcourt
Rose, the uncle of James Bond
creator Ian Fleming.
Lee attended Wellington Col-
lege, an elite boarding school,
and joined the Royal Air Force
during World War II.
Poor eyesight prevented him
from becoming a pilot, and he
served as an intelligence officer
in North Africa and Italy.
After the war, the 6-foot-4
Lee was signed to a contract with
Britain s Rank studio, and spent
the next decade playing minor
roles in a series of formulaic pic-
tures. He also appeared briefly
in Laurence Olivier s Hamlet in
1948 along with his future Ham-
mer co-star, Peter Cushing.
He launched his horror career
in 1957, starring as the monster
in Hammer s The Curse of
Frankenstein. In 1958, Lee made
his first appearance as the famous
vampire in Dracula, opposite
Cushing s Van Helsing.
Film critic Matthew Sweet said
Lee brought a sensuality to the
role that fit with the newly per-
missive times. While Bela Lugosi,
the definitive 1930s Dracula,
"postures and glides, Lee is rough
and muscular," Sweet wrote in
"Lee s performance convinced
a generation of scholars that
Dracula was a book about sex,
and not about vampires," Sweet
Lee went on to play the Tran-
sylvanian vampire in sequels
including Dracula: Prince of
Darkness, Dracula Has Risen
From the Grave, Taste the Blood
of Dracula, Scars of Dracula and
Dracula AD 1972.
Continues on Page B3
Christopher Lee was introduced to a new generation of fans with his
appearances in the Lord of the Rings and The Hobbit films.
Ornette Coleman, the American sax-
ophonist and composer who liberated
jazz from conventional harmony, tonal-
ity, structure and expectation, died early
on Thursday of cardiac arrest in Man-
hattan. He was 85.
Coleman was an American icon and
iconoclast---a self-taught musician born
poor and fatherless in Fort Worth, Texas,
in 1930, who went on to win the Pulitzer
Prize, the Japanese Praemium Imperiale,
two Guggenheims, a MacArthur, honorary
doctorates and a National Endowment
for the Arts Jazz Master honor.
Ornette Coleman played his alto sax-
ophone the way someone whistles to
themselves walking down the street,
unconcerned with rules about how a song
is supposed to go. In 1997, Coleman told
NPR that he believed in the unfettered,
imaginative, original, expressive powers
"As for music, it allows every musician
to participate in any form of musical
environment without them changing their
own personality, their own tone or their
way of phrasing," Coleman said.
And he put that belief into practice
when he could. Coleman was raised by
his single mother and sister. He learned
music on his own and left home as a
teenager to tour the deep south with a
minstrel show. On the road, he faced
rejection and even assault for an unortho-
dox, free style built on Texas blues. He
wound up in Los Angeles, working as an
elevator operator and trying to get a hear-
ing in jam sessions. He finally made his
first recording as a leader in 1958, Some-
Some praised Coleman for returning
jazz to the kind of collective improvisation
its earliest players used. Others heard
"In jazz before Ornette Coleman," New
York Times writer Jon Pareles told NPR
in 1985, "people would devise solos that
were designed to fit on top of the tune.
If the tune was 32 bars long, the improv-
isation was 32 bars long, and it fit into
whatever 32 bars of chords were in the
tune. Ornette came along and said, We
don t have to do it that way, we can take
an improvisation that tells its own kind
of story, that elapses according to the
freedom of the song.
He basically showed people a new kind
of freedom. He broke them out of the
maze of harmony."
Coleman himself described his system
as "sound grammar" or "harmolodics."
"It s the scientific form of sound based
upon the human emotion of expression,"
Coleman said. "That s basically what it
is and what it does."
Continues on Page B3
Jazz Iconoclast, dies at 85
Ornette Coleman was beloved by jazz musicians who
shared his liberal view on music and innovation in the
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