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IMPROVING SENTENCE WRITING
In this tutorial, we will examine some strategies that
will make our writing more readable . Instead of writ-
ing in short sentences which makes for jerky reading,
we can try to join them in interesting ways. This can
be achieved by (a ) Using Conjunctions to join sen-
tences and ( b) Joining sentences through the use of
A. USING CONJUNCTIONS TO JOIN SENTENCES
Prior Knowledge :- A Conjunction is a word that is
used to join together :-
(a) Words, for example:- They received a (sand-
wich) and (some juice) for lunch
(b) Phrases, for example:- The squirrel climbed (up
the tree) and into the bunch of coconuts.
(c) Clauses, for example:- We'll have to leave with-
out you unless you arrive early.
* N.B. Conjunctions can also be used at the beginning
of the subordinate or supporting clause.
Although they had visited there, before, they
could not remember anything about it.
Practice Exercise # 1 (Refer to A, above)
Underline the conjunctions in the following sen-
This bag belongs to him or her.
(i) Bananas and plums are delicious fruits.
(ii) They missed the bus because they were late.
(iii) While you were sleeping, Mummy did some
(iv) We had not seen them since they visited us
some time, ago.
(v) They will serve either juice or soft drinks at the
Practice Exercise #2:-
(Use the examples, above, as a guide.)
Put in one (1) of the conjunctions on the left to join
each set of sentences.
UNTIL ; BEFORE We'll call you before we leave.
1. IF ; AS ____________ you read it a few times,
you'll probably understand it better.
2. AFTER ; ALTHOUGH The teams decided to
play _______________ it was raining slightly.
3. BUT ; WITH She put the plums ____________
the other fruits into a large bag.
4. IF ; BECAUSE _______________ we had more
time, we would have finished the composition.
5. WHEN ; UNTIL They could not remember
______________ the accident had occurred.
Use one (1) of the Conjunctions from the list below
to join each set of the following sentences.
(S1) You wish to go. We'll take you
(S3) Wherever you wish to go, we'll take you.
1. The swimmers continued swimming around the
pool. They became tired.
2. The street was deserted. Mary was not afraid to
walk home, alone.
3. David is my tall brother. I am taller than my
4. I knew that you were visiting us, today. I would
have made a scrumptious dessert
5. Lindsay had eaten all her food. She enjoyed a
long drink of cool water.
B. Using Relative Pronouns To Join Sentences
Relative Pronouns, like other pronouns, are used
instead of nouns and include 'who', 'whose',
'whom', 'that' and 'which'. These pronouns are
often used to join sentences.
(a) 'Who' is used to relate or refer to a person or
persons that are the subject in a sentence.
(S1) Last week, we visited our grandparents.
(S2) Our grandparents live far away from us.
Since 'our grandparents' in (S1) and (S2) refers
to the same persons and is also the Subject in
(S2), we can join the two sentences by using the
If we join the two sentences therefore, this can
read " Last week, we visited our grandparents
who (our grandparents) live far away from us".
Practice Exercise #4: -
Use 'who' to join the following sets of sentences.
(HINT:- Use 'who' immediately after the underlined
word/ words and omit the repeated word/words as
required and as shown, above) Some changes may
be necessary in arranging a few of the new sen-
(i) Yesterday at the grocery Mummy and I met Ms.
Gomez. Ms. Gomez used to be our next door
(ii) This is the same person. He assisted us when
our car stalled recently on the highway.
(iii) That doctor attends to my family. He has his of-
fice on Main Street, Scarborough.
(iv) Those men are lifeguards. Those lifeguards pa-
trol the beach every day.
(v) Dwayne is an excellent footballer. Dwayne is also
a very good cricketer.
(b) 'Which' is used in place of things. It can replace
the Subjects and the Objects in the sentences
when we join them.
(S1) Next week, our class will visit the brick
factory. (Object). The brick factory
(Subject, same as the Object) is located in
(S2) Next week,our class will visit the brick
factory which (factory) is located in
If we join
(S3) "Jennifer decided to take care of the small,
(S4) "Jennifer had seen the small, furry kitten
(same Object) in the empty, abandoned
house", our new sentence now becomes
(S5) "Jennifer decided to take care of the small
furry kitten which (kitten) she had seen in
the empty, abandoned house."
(c) 'That' is used for persons and things and can
occur instead of 'who', 'whom' and 'which'
when these refer to the subjects or objects in
(S1) 'The girl whom you saw this morning is the
school's netball captain' can also be written
(S2) 'The girl that you saw this morning is the
school's netball captain'.
Practice Exercise #5:- Refer to rules (b) and (c)
Join each of the following sentences by using the
pronouns 'which' or 'that'.
(HINT: Place 'which' or 'that' after the underlined
word/ words then omit the repeated word/words
that they represent.)
(i) Everyday, our class exercises in the gym. The
gym is situated next to our Library.
(ii) The vendor had displayed his produce on a large
counter. This counter occupied a large space in-
side the stall.
Continued on the next page
but wherever if after until although
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