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30. What was the speaker doing before he was distracted
by the ponies?
A. He was heading to Rochester, Minnesota
B. He was counting his blessings
C. He was occupied with his own thoughts
D. He was conversing with his friend
31. The events of the poem occurred at what time of day?
32. What does the speaker do to bridge the gap between
himself and the ponies?
A. He welcomes the ponies
B. He crosses over the barbed wire
C. He holds the slender pony in his arms
D. He visits the ponies in their habitat
33. How would you describe the speaker's interaction with
A. He is happy to comfort them in their loneliness
B. He is delighted at the reception both himself and
his friend have received
C. He is grateful for the opportunity to observe them
D. He is captivated by their presence
34. The speaker compares the reserved nature of the
35. If the ponies love each other, what would lead the
speaker to believe that they are lonely?
A. The response of the ponies to human contact
B. The speaker's assumption is based on his interaction
with the ponies
C. The absence of human contact
D. The ponies may be in love but are starved for affec-
36. "At home once more" (line 13) suggests
A. The ponies have changed their location
B. They are behaving more civilized
C. They are grazing once more as they would have
39. What does the atmosphere of the poem reflect?
40. The speaker's abrupt stop in (line 22) signals
A. A change in pace
B. The occurrence of an unexpected event
C. His stay with the ponies was interrupted
D. The end of the poem
DIRECTION: Read the passage carefully before attempting the questions. Each question has four options, select
the most appropriate answer, based on what is contained or implied in the passage.
10 FACINTATING FACTS ABOUT ANTS
In many ways, ants can outwit, outlast, and outplay humans. Their complex, cooperative societies enable them to survive
and thrive in conditions that would challenge the individual. Here are 10 fascinating facts about ants that just might convince
you they're superior to us.
1. Ants are capable of carrying objects 50 times their own body weight with their mandibles.
Ants use their diminutive size to their advantage.
Relative to their size, their muscles are thicker than those of larger animals or even humans. This ratio enables them to
produce more force and carry larger objects. If we had muscles in the proportions of ants, we'd be able to heave a Hyundai
over our heads!
2. Soldier ants use their heads to plug the entrances to their nests and keep intruders from gaining access.
In certain ant species, the soldier ants have modified heads, shaped to match the nest entrance. They block access to the
nest by sitting just inside the entrance, with their heads facing out like a cork in a bottle. When a worker ant returns to the
nest, it will touch the soldier ant's head to let the guard know it belongs to the colony.
3. Certain ant species defend plants in exchange for food and shelter.
Ant plants, or myrmecophytes, are plants with naturally occurring hollows where ants can take shelter or feed. These
cavities may be hollow thorns, stems, or even leaf petioles. The ants live in the hollows, feeding on sugary plant secretions
or the excretions of sap-sucking insects.
What do the plants get for providing such luxurious accommodations? The ants defend the plant from herbivorous mam-
mals and insects, and may even prune away parasitic plants that attempt to grow on the host plant.
4. The total biomass of all the ants on Earth is roughly equal to the total biomass of all the people on Earth.
How can this be?! Ants are so tiny, and we are so big! But scientists estimate there are at least 1.5 million ants on the planet
for every human being. Over 12,000 species of ants are known to exist, on every continent except Antarctica. Most live in
tropical regions. A single acre of Amazon rainforest may house 3.5 million ants.
5. Ants sometimes herd or tend to insects of other species like aphids or lea oppers.
Ants will do just about anything to get the sugary secretions of sap-sucking insects, called honeydew. To keep the sweet
stuff in close supply, some ants will herd aphids, carrying the soft- bodied pests from plant to plant. Lea oppers sometimes
take advantage of this nurturing tendency in ants, and leave their young to be raised by the ants. This allows the lea oppers
to go raise another brood.
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been doing before the arrival of visitors.
D. The ponies are comfortable with their visitors
37. The word "caress" as used in (line 20) describes
A. The atmosphere
B. The speaker's interaction with the pony
C. The movement of the breeze
D. The tenderness of the pony's ear
38. Line 21 "That is delicate as the skin over a girl's
wrist," is an example of
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