Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : June 22nd 2015 Contents Guardian www.guardian.co.tt Monday, June 22, 2015
41. What is the main point of (paragraph 1)?
A. Ants live in complex societies
B. Ants are superior to humans
C. Ants are fascinating
D. Ants thrive in conditions that challenge humans
42. The ability of ants to lift objects 50 times their size is
made possible by
A. Their thick muscle structure
B. Their ability to distribute weight
C. Their intelligence
D. The support of ants from different colonies
43. "Soldier Ants" are able to defend their territory by
A. eating their predators
B. By alerting the other ants within their colony of im-
C. Forging alliances with other ants to protect their
D. Using their heads to barricade the entrance to their
44. Why do you suppose there is a lesser population of
ants in Antarctica (paragraph 6)?
A. The food supply is limited
B. Ants are partial to the other regions of the world
C. The conditions there are exceedingly cold
D. There are fewer ant colonies in Antarctica
45. What is unique about "Honeypot Ants" (paragraph 8)?
A. They enslave ants from the same species
B. They raid the colonies of unsuspecting Formica
C. They enslave ants from all colonies
D. The enslave ants from the same colony
46. The Cretaceous period relates to what era (paragraph
6. Ants will enslave other ants, keeping them captive and making them do work for the colony.
Quite a few ant species will take captives from other ant species, forcing them to do chores for their own colony. Some hon-
eypot ants will even enslave ants of the same species, taking individuals from foreign colonies to do their bidding. Polyergus
queens, also known as Amazon ants, raid the colonies of unsuspecting Formica ants. The Amazon queen will find and kill the
Formica queen, then enslave the Formica workers. The slave workers help her rear her own brood. When her Polyergus offspring
reach adulthood, their sole purpose is to raid other Formica colonies and bring back their pupae, ensuring a steady supply of
7. Ants lived alongside the dinosaurs.
Ants evolved some 130 million years ago during the early Cretaceous period. Most fossil evidence of insects is found in lumps
of ancient amber, or fossilized plant resin. The oldest known ant fossil, a primitive and now extinct ant species named Spher-
comyrma freyi, was found in Cliffwood Beach, NJ. Though that fossil only dates back 92 million years, another fossil ant that
proved nearly as old has a clear lineage to ants of present day. This suggests a much longer evolutionary line than previously
thought, leading scientists to estimate the appearance of ants on Earth as somewhere around 130 million years ago.
8. Ants started farming long before humans.
Fungus farming ants began their agricultural ventures about 50 million years before humans thought to raise their own crops.
The earliest evidence suggests ants began farming as early as 70 million years ago, in the early Tertiary period. Even more
amazing, these ants used sophisticated horticultural techniques to enhance their crop yields. They secreted chemicals with
antibiotic properties to inhibit mold growth, and devised fertilization protocols using manure.
9. Some ants form "supercolonies," massive communities of ants that can stretch for thousands of miles.
Argentine ants, native to South America, now inhabit every continent except Antarctica due to accidental introductions. Each
ant colony has a distinctive chemical profile that enables members of the group to recognize each other, and alerts the colony
to the presence of strangers. Scientists recently discovered that massive supercolonies in Europe, North America, and Japan
all share the same chemical profile, meaning they are, in essence, a global supercolony of ants.
10. Ants follow scent trails laid by scout ants to gather food.
By following pheromone trails created by other ants from the colony, foraging ants can gather and store food efficiently. A
scout ant first leaves the nest in search of food, and wanders somewhat randomly until it discovers something edible. It will
then consume some of the food and return to the nest in a straight, direct line. It seems these scout ants can observe and
recall visual cues that enable them to navigate quickly back to the nest. Along the return route, the scout ant leaves a trail of
pheromones, special scents that will guide her nestmates to the food. The foraging ants then follow her path, each one adding
more scent to the trail to reinforce it for others. The workers will continue walking back and forth along the line until the food
source is depleted.
(Source insects.about.com › ... › Ants) (Edited)
50. The tone of the poem can BEST be described as?
51. The use of the word "when" is the speaker's way of
A. Recounting certain events
B. Introducing the subject
C. Being dramatic
D. Alerting the reader that something is about to
52. Who is the speaker addressing in the poem?
A. He is conversing with a friend
B. He is speaking to the person he has loved
C. He is reflecting on a past conversation
D. He is speaking to himself
53. What did the "soft look" of the eyes capture?
54. Identify the technique employed by the speaker (in
line) 5 as he speaks of "glad grace"?
55. What was different about the love expressed by
A. His love was superficial and based on beauty
B. His love diminished with age
C. His love was constant and pure
D. His love was not real
56. In (line 7) "But one man loved the pilgrim soul in
you" who is the "one man" that the speaker referred
B. A stranger
C. A pilgrim
D. The subject
57. What is the speaker hoping to accomplish through
A. He is trying to scare the subject into action
B. He hopes the subject will heed his warning
C. He is bullying the subject into action
D. He is merely telling his story
58. Which line or lines BEST describe the setting of the
C. Lines 9 and 10
D. Lines 11 and 12
59. What do the glowing bars in (line 8) represent?
A. A bright future
B. The stars
C. Burning coals
D. A missed opportunity
60. According to the speaker what has become of love?
A. It is ever present
B. It is fading
C. It cannot be contained D. It has fled
END OF ENGLISH TEST
WHEN YOU ARE OLD
WHEN you are old and gray and full of sleep
And nodding by the fire, take down this book,
And slowly read, and dream of the soft look
Your eyes had once, and of their shadows deep;
How many loved your moments of glad grace,
And loved your beauty with love false or true;
But one man loved the pilgrim soul in you,
And loved the sorrows of your changing face.
And bending down beside the glowing bars,
Murmur, a little sadly, how love fled
And paced upon the mountains overhead,
And hid his face amid a crowd of stars.
By William Butler Yeats
47. "Fungus Farming Ants" are known for their advanced
cultivation methods (paragraph 10). Which of the
following is NOT a technique employed by these ants?
A. The utilized sophisticated horticultural practices to
increase crop production
B. They secrete chemicals with antibiotic properties
that inhibit mold growth
C. They have been farming for over 70 million years
D. They have devised fertilization protocols using
48. What is the definition of "super colonies" (paragraph
A. Large colonies of ants that can thrive for long
periods under harsh conditions
B. Ants that have been reared for a specific purpose
C. Ants that have the same chemical profile
D. Massive communities of ants that can stretch for
49. The term "pheromone" as used in (paragraph 12) of
the passage is associated with
A. Foraging for food
B. Random discoveries of food
C. Scent trails left by scout ants
D. The efficient storage of food
DIRECTION: Read the poem carefully before attempting
the questions. Each question has four options, select the
most appropriate answer, based on what is implied or
stated in the poem.
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