Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : July 4th 2015 Contents A26
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Guardian www.guardian.co.tt Saturday, July 4, 2015
NATIONAL CARNIVAL COMMISSION
OF TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO
INVITATION TO TENDER FOR THE PROVISION OF SERVICES TO THE NATIONAL
CARNIVAL COMMISSION - CARNIVAL CELEBRATIONS 2016
1. The National Carnival Commission of Trinidad and Tobago (NCC) hereby invites suitably qualified entities,
firms and individuals to tender for the provision of the following services for Carnival 2016:
i) Rental of Chairs and Tables
ii) Rental of Tents
iii) Rental of Trailers and Portable Chemical Toilets at all venues
iv) Provision of Stage, Ramps, Decks and Watch Towers at Queen's Park Savannah
v) Provision of Stage, Ramps, Decks and Watch Towers at Skinner's Park
vi) Installation and Removal of Audio Visual System at all venues
vii) Rental of Trailer Artistes' Dressing Rooms at QPS and Skinner's Park
viii) Erecting and Dismantling of Calypso Tent at Queens Park Savannah
2. General guidelines, in the form of a Request for Proposal, can be collected at the office of the Corporate
Secretary of the NCC, #11 St. Clair Avenue, Port of Spain, upon payment of a non-refundable cash
deposit or certified cheque in the sum of TT$1000.00 (vat inclusive) at the Accounts Department of the
NCC between the hours of 9 am to 3 pm.
3. The required documents to be submitted include the following:
• Certificate of Registration, Incorporation, Continuance, and Annual Return
• Statutory Requirements i.e. valid VAT, NIS, Certificates up to date
• Written description of the Tenderer, including company background
• Organisational Chart of Tenderer's agency
• Organisational Chart of all personnel to be involved in contract
• Curriculum Vitae of key human resource
• Details on three (3) current major clients
• Insurance Certificates
4. Tax must be shown separately below the tender price.
5. Technical information can be obtained from the office of the Operations and Technical Services.
6. Request for Proposal packages will be available from Monday 29th June, 2015 between 9:30 am to 3 pm
7. The successful tenderer/s will be required to deposit with the NCC, a Performance Deposit of ten percent
(10%) of the value of each contract; or alternatively, provide a bond in the sum as a guarantee for the
proper performance of the contract. Upon the satisfactory completion of the contract, the deposit/bond will
8. Tenders should be enclosed in sealed envelopes addressed to "The Secretary, Tenders Committee,
National Carnival Commission" and deposited in the appropriate tender box located in the reception
area of the NCC's head office, #11 St. Clair Avenue, Port of Spain, no later than 3 pm on Friday 17th July, 2015.
9. Separate contracts may be awarded for each item or a combination of items.
10. NCC reserves the right to reject any or all proposals for failure to comply with any mandatory requirements.
11. The public opening of tenders will be conducted immediately after the closing at 3 pm at the NCC's
Corporate Office, #11 St. Clair Avenue, Port of Spain. The tenderer or his/her representative may be present
at the opening.
Tenders Committee, National Carnival Commission
A British research team reported in May in the
journal Science that a quarter or more of cells in
the skin of middle-aged people have suffered sun-
induced DNA damage. Although the cells were out-
wardly normal, the mutations that occurred could
be the first stages of cancer.
The researchers, led by Dr Peter Campbell, a cancer
geneticist at the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute in
England, examined the eyelid skin of four middle-
aged adults---three were Western European and one
was of South Asian descent---and found that hundreds
of ostensibly normal cells had mutations linked to
cancer, a number "way higher than we d expect," Dr
Campbell said. Clusters of these mutant cells, called
clones, appeared in every 0.1 square inch of skin,
with thousands of DNA mutations in each cell.
Although it is not known if the same rate of muta-
tions occurs in sun-exposed skin elsewhere on the
body, or in people of different ethnic backgrounds,
or even how many of the mutations would progress
to cancer, it is not a finding to dismiss lightly.
Douglas Brash, a biophysicist at Yale University
School of Medicine who has studied ultraviolet damage
to cells for more than 40 years and wrote a com-
mentary on the British study, described the new
findings as "a canary in a coal mine" and a warning
to take the effects of ultraviolet radiation, whether
from sunlight or tanning beds, more seriously.
It is especially important, he said, "to be very con-
scientious about protecting young children," who are
more susceptible than teenagers and adults to ultra-
"A lot of damage occurs when people go to the
beach," Dr Brash said. "While the body does a great
job of repairing the damage and gets 99.9 per cent
of things right, every once in a while, you do get a
mutation that may make a cell resistant to death,
allowing it to form a clone that can become a cancer."
Complicating the matter is that many people don t
understand the meaning of the SPF rating listed on
modern sunscreens. The rating, which stands for sun
protection factor, is meant to reflect how well a
product protects against sunburn, which should also
reduce the risk of skin cancer and sun-induced skin
aging. And less than a third of people use sunscreen
regularly, according to the Centers for Disease Control
and Prevention. Few people who do use sunscreen,
use enough to achieve the level of protection measured
in the laboratory, and few reapply it often enough.
A better plan is to stay out of the sun, especially
midday, and cover the skin when sun exposure is
Some believe that choosing a more expensive sun-
screen with a sky-high SPF number like 70 or 100
will provide complete protection. However, the Food
and Drug Administration has not determined that
an SPF of more than 50 has any added benefits.
A recently published study by Dr Brash s team at
Yale showed that much of the harm to skin cells
caused by ultraviolet radiation occurs hours after the
exposure has ended. Even in the dark, substances
formed during UV exposure continue to damage
melanin, the pigment that gives skin its colour, "excit-
ing electrons, the energy from which gets transferred
to DNA and can damage it in the same way that UV
photons do," Dr Brash explained.
The British researchers chose eyelid skin for their
study because it is readily available from an operation
called blepharoplasty to remove drooping upper eye-
lids. Using a sophisticated technique called ultradeep
sequencing, the researchers analysed 234 biopsies
from normal skin tissue for 74 cancer genes, and
found a level of mutations "similar to that seen in
many cancers." A lot of the genetic changes they
found resulted in what is called "driver mutations"
that are capable of forming clones, a major step
toward forming cancers.
Dr Brash said skin on the hands, arms, cheeks and
You can't buy a cream to get rid of
mutations, so the best approach
is to prevent the damage.
YOUR DAILY HEALTH
News and Advice
Slather on the sunscreen, UV damage is real
ears is likely to be even more heavily exposed
to UV radiation than eyelid skin, and thus
may have even higher levels of mutations,
since the eyelids are shaded in part by the
eye socket and sometimes sunglasses.
Nearly 25 years ago, Dr Brash and his
coworkers reported that UV light induced
mutations in the critically important tumour
suppressor gene called p53. They examined
squamous cell skin cancers from 24 patients
in New England and Sweden and found
that 58 per cent had mutations in p53,
including a particular change in DNA struc-
ture "unique to UV." (NYT)
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