Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : July 6th 2015 Contents Monday, July 6, 2015 www.guardian.co.tt Guardian
31. The "Green Revolution" marks what period in history?
A. India's Agricultural boom
B. The birth of Organic Farming
C. 40 years of farming
D. India's economic turmoil
32. What was the catalyst that sparked Organic Farming in
A. The health of its people
B. The industrial revolution
C. The economic state, the nation's health and future
D. The need for profitability in the agricultural sector
33. The benefit of the "Green Revolution" resulted in a
A. 66% increase in gross income
B. 10 % increase in rice and wheat production
C. 33% increase in economic growth
D. 10% increase in gross income
34. What measures did the farmers of the "Green Revolu-
tion" implement to ensure record-high yields?
A. Synthetic fertilizers, high-yield seeds and irrigation
B. Skilled labour
C. Advanced scientific techniques
DIRECTION: Read the passage carefully before at-
tempting the questions. Each question has four options,
select the most appropriate answer, based on what is
contained or implied in the passage.
41. What is meant by the word "Pagan"?
42. Who or what does the speaker acknowledge for her
departure from Africa (line 1)?
A. Her ancestors
43. How would you describe the speaker's experience in
A. She had a dream
B. She had an encounter with God and her Sav-
C. She tells of her tribulations in Africa
D. She learns there is a God
44. Line 4 the word "redemption" is associated with
45. "Some view our sable race with scornful eye," is
the SAME as saying
A. Some are prejudice towards our race
B. Some pay little attention to us
C. Some watch us with admiring eyes
D. Some look at us with uncertainty
46. The words "Their colour is a diabolic die," repre-
sent views held by
35. What impact did the "Synthetic Fertilizers" have on
the nation of India?
A. The cost of subsidise fertilizers took a toll on
the nation's economy.
B. While the quantity of production increased the
quality of the product diminished
C. The fertilizers led to soil contamination.
D. Intense drilling of fields for water depleted the
limited supply and led to soil contamination.
36. Which of the following statements BEST describes
the overall impact of the "Green Revolution" on
A. The benefits of the Green Revolution far out-
weighed the negative implications.
B. The Green Revolution had a disastrous effect
on the economic state and future population of
C. The introduction of the Green Revolution was
to avert a crisis which could have crippled
D. The Green Revolution was implemented based
on its success in the Western World.
37. The writer used the term "chemical-based farming"
in reference to
A. Organic Farming
B. Traditional Farming
C. Farming using Synthetic Fertilisers
D. New-age Farming Techniques
38. The method of "crop-rotation" involves
A. Planting crops in controlled environments.
B. Planting a diverse range of crops.
C. Planting crops which do not require synthetic
D. Planting crops that leave nitrogen for future
crops to consume.
39. In the past farmers received a government subsidy.
What impact did the subsidy have on the production
A. Productions costs would have increased result-
ing in lower returns for the farmer.
B. The subsidy would have had a marginal effect
on the cost of production.
C. The subsidy would have reduced the produc-
tion costs making it more viable for farmers.
D. Any benefits of the subsidy would have been
eroded by the cost of irrigation.
40. Organic farming thrives in India, what does the title
suggest to the reader?
A. Organic farming succeeds in India.
B. Organic farming has enjoyed little success in
C. Organic farming has influenced the agricultural
methods used in India.
D. Organic farming is underutilized in India.
"This is an issue of health, of environment, of future gen-
Unhealthy and unsustainable, commercial agriculture has
begun to be replaced by many Punjab growers who say they
don't need chemicals anymore. Tired of the "vicious cycle of
chemical-based farming," some farmers in Punjab are using
crop-rotating methods, which balance the soil by planting
crops that leave nitrogen for future crops to consume.
Organic farming can initially be much more difficult, because
farmers do not receive government subsidies for chemical
fertilizers, but once their fields have grown naturally fruitful;
their earnings are higher, as they can sell organic produce for
Some organic farmers in Punjab have increased their income
from $391 per acre to at least $469 per acre, in addition to
saving money on pesticides. Today, thanks to the awakening
of many farmers, Punjab now has approximately 1,500
hectares of certified organic land.
In an effort to reverse environmental damage caused by
commercial farming, India's government is beginning to en-
courage natural farming by lending its support for the Min-
istry of Agriculture's organic farming plan, which is aimed at
improving soil health.
Others are more sceptical about the government's reported
new attitude towards organic farming. "There is no subsidy,
no shift," said Devinder Sharma, an agricultural researcher,
who says there aren't any examples of the government sub-
sidizing organic farming.
"No one is thinking on how to subsidize organic farming and
move away from chemicals. There's just no political will."
(Article by: Julie Wilson, Staff Writer, Natural News) (Edited)
ON BEING BROUGHT FROM AFRICA
'Twas mercy brought me from my Pagan land,
Taught my benighted soul to understand
That there's a God, that there's a Saviour too:
Once I redemption neither sought nor knew.
Some view our sable race with scornful eye,
"Their colour is a diabolic die."
Remember, Christians, Negros, black as Cain,
May be refin'd, and join th' angelic train.
By Phillis Wheatley
Continued on the next page
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