Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : August 9th 2015 Contents 2015 PEPFAR Small Grants Program
Request for Applications
The PEPFAR Small Grants Program through the U. S. Embassy
Port of Spain is inviting applications for grants of no more than
Eligibility: Open to organizations, clubs and individuals (no
government agencies) located in Trinidad and Tobago.
Preference will be given to new applicants.
The program strongly supports creative, original, and innovative
ideas focusing on serving the key populations (within the
Caribbean region) such as but not limited to Men who have sex
with Men (MSM) and the sex worker (CSW) populations, in the
a. Support of care and treatment activities
b. Activities enlisting the input and involvement of persons
living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHAs).
c. Activities meant to raise awareness of gender based
violence and/or gender and gender norms.
For further information visit our website at
Deadline for submissions: 11:59 PM on August 31, 2015.
SKYON POLYCARBONATE AWNINGS & CANOPY
36 Caroni Savannah Road, Charlieville
Corner Priority Bus Route & Railway Road, Arima
August 9, 2015 www.guardian.co.tt Sunday Guardian
neglect by politicians
State of the nation's prisons...
Every day, an average of nine people
are released from the nation s prisons.
That s almost 300 ex-prisoners a month.
"In the context of Trinidad and Tobago
approximately 98 per cent of the prison
population is released back into society
over time," notes Inspector of Prisons
Daniel Khan in his 2012 report.
The 2002 Task Force On Prison Reform
And Transformation Report records over
20,000 people released between 1990 and
In its 2009 Annual Statistical Digest
(which is the most recent one published),
the Central Statistical Office records over
25,000 inmates released from prison
between 2000 and 2009.
Most of these people aren t violent
offenders, however. The majority of con-
victed inmates in jail are there for drug
offences---about 37 per cent.
Only 17 per cent of inmates have been
convicted for violent crimes. And about
half of those released will be arrested for
other crimes and returned to jail.
The Oxford History of the Prison, edited
by Norval Morris and David J Rothman,
lists the following four purposes of a prison:
(1) to deter crime; (2) express society s urge
for retribution; (3) reform offender; (4)
incapacitate dangerous criminals.
T&T s prisons fail to fulfil (1) and (3)
and, perhaps, (4). In a 2002 study on
recidivism in T&T s prison, UWI sociol-
ogist Ian K Ramdhanie provides the fol-
lowing profile of a recidivist: "A male pris-
oner who is between 17-41 years of age,
of African descent, single, a Roman
Catholic, belongs to the lower social class
group, committed crimes/offences such
as larceny, breaking, house break-in and
robbery and/or narcotic-related
crimes/offences and is serving a sentence
of five years or less with hard labour."
Morris and Rothman write: "Research
into the use of imprisonment over time
and in different countries has failed to
demonstrate any positive correlation
between increasing the rate of imprison-
ment and reducing the rate of
crime...imprisonment should be used as
the sanction of last resort, to be imposed
only when other measures of controlling
the criminal have been tried and have
Table 1 gives a breakdown of inmates
by race, age and religion.
It should be noted that Afro-Trinida-
dians make up 37 per cent of the general
population, Indo-Trinidadians 41 per cent,
and mixed 20 per cent in the 2000 census.
Although Baptists make up just seven
per cent of the general population, they
account for 14 per cent of inmates.
Similarly, Muslims make up six per cent
of the general population but constitute
13 per cent of prisoners.
In fact, the Muslim ratio is actually
wider than the Baptist one, given that
most of the Muslims in prison are of
African descent and that group constitutes
less than one per cent of all T&T Mus-
For the past 52 years,
tions have failed to adopt
by committees appointed
by the government to
analyse the state of the
nation s prisons.
The July 24 escape by
three inmates, which
resulted in the death of
27-year-old PC Sherman
Maynard, is partly the
result of this half-century
Table Two (see page
A24) lists these various
"The majority of these
not adopted," says the
2012 report, which itself
makes 48 recommenda-
Continues on Page A24
Indian 25% ....................22-26---17% ....................Baptist---14%
Mixed 17% .....................27-31---17% ........................Hindu---13%
White 0.7%...................37-41---17% ....................Muslim---12%
Source: Report on Crime Statistics 2008, CSO
The 2002 Task
Force On Prison
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