Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : August 10th 2015 Contents Guardian www.guardian.co.tt Monday, August 10, 2015
I know you still swim with dolphins
in the cold North Sea
I know you still laugh
and drink wine with friends.
I know you live by the seasons
and time is not your enemy,
the clock is silent
I don't weep for you, I weep for me
By Eileen Carney Hulme
RHYTHM OF LIFE
The clock is silent nowadays clocks no longer
need to make
that rhythmic sound of life.
We have moved on
and everything is changed
I am no longer sad
I don't weep for you.
In still moments
I see you solitary, reflective-
running with the wind along the waterfront
with your Walkman on.
Radiowaves carry words
of a song we shared
and I am free to smile
at the thought of you.
Big and handsome
the scent of you
like a powerful beast lingers
untamed by this world.
from neighbouring indigenous groups including American In-
dians and the Sami of northern Europe. Studies comparing
Eskimo-Aleut languages to other indigenous North Ameri-
can languages indicate that the former arose separately
from the latter. Physiologically, an appreciable percentage of
Eskimo people have the B blood type (ABO system), which
seems to be absent from other indigenous American groups.
Because blood type is a very stable hereditary trait, it is be-
lieved that at least a part of the Eskimo population is of a
different origin from other indigenous American peoples.
Culturally, traditional Eskimo life was totally adapted to an
extremely cold, snow- and icebound environment in which
vegetable foods were almost nonexistent, trees were scarce,
and caribou, seal, walrus, and whale meat, whale blubber,
and fish were the major food sources. Eskimo people used
harpoons to kill seals, which they hunted either on the ice or
from kayaks, skin-covered, one-person canoes. Whales were
hunted by using larger boats called umiaks. In the summer
most Eskimo families hunted caribou and other land animals
with bows and arrows. Dogsleds were the basic means of
transport on land. Eskimo clothing was fashioned of caribou
furs, which provided protection against the extreme cold.
Most Eskimo wintered in either snow-block houses called
igloos or semi subterranean houses built of stone or sod over
wooden or whalebone frameworks. In summer many Eskimo
lived in animal-skin tents. Their basic social and economic
unit was the nuclear family, and their religion was animistic.
Eskimo life has changed greatly owing to increased contact
with societies to the south. Snowmobiles have generally re-
placed dogs for land transport, and rifles have replaced har-
poons for hunting purposes. Outboard motors, store-bought
clothing, and numerous other manufactured items have en-
tered the culture, and money, unknown in the traditional Es-
kimo economy, has become a necessity. Many Eskimo have
abandoned nomadic hunting and now live in northern towns
and cities, often working in mines and oil fields. Others, par-
ticularly in Canada, have formed cooperatives to market
their handicrafts, fish catches, and tourism ventures. The
creation of Nunavut, a new Canadian territory, in 1999 helped
to support a revitalization of traditional indigenous culture
in North America.
Article Written by: The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica
(Edited) (Source Eskimo | people | Britannica.com)
41. Eskimos are indigenous to which regions?
A. The Arctic and Canada
B. Russia and the Unites States
C. Canada, the United States and Russia
D. The Arctic, Canada, Russia and the United States
42. What characteristic is common to these regions?
A. They forage for food
B. The conditions there are frigid
C. They all speak the same language
D. They have occupied these territories since the
43. "The self-designations of Eskimo peoples vary with
their languages and dialects." What does this say
about the Eskimo?
A. They are rulers over themselves
B. Each self appointed tribe has its own unique lan-
C. The languages and dialects differ among the Es-
D. The traditions of Eskimo vary with each tribe.
44. The name "Eskimo" as used in Alaska, is insulting to
A. Those native to Canada and Greenland
B. The Algonquian
C. Native Americans
D. The American Indians
45. How has the Inuit's environment influenced his dress?
A. Their clothes were fashioned from whale bones
and deer skins
B. They covered themselves with animal skins
C. Fur obtained from the Caribou was used to make
D. They relied on animal skins and fur for their cloth-
46. Which of the following statements is TRUE?
A. The Eskimos' original diet consists of vegetable
B. The Eskimos' favoured a protein rich diet.
C. The Eskimos were partial to caribou and fish
D. The Eskimos ate meat, fish and other marine life.
47. Identify the word which BEST describes the tools and
crafts used in hunting?
48. What distinguishes the Eskimo form other Indigenous
A. Their language B. Their beliefs
C. Their blood type D. Their hierarchical system
49. Eskimos have abandoned traditional hunting for
A. Jobs that afford them a better standard of living
B. Jobs in the energy and mining sector
C. Jobs more readily available
D. Jobs with better working conditions
50. What has constituted this change in behaviour?
A. The impact of economic pressures brought to
bear on them by governments
B. Increasing contact with other societies
C. The inability of the Inuit to sustain his community
D. The need for greater equality
51. How would you describe the tone used by the writer?
DIRECTION: Read the poem carefully before attempting
the questions. Each question has four options, select the
most appropriate answer, based on what is implied or
stated in the poem.
52. What become of the clock (stanza 1)?
A. It no longer works
B. It cannot keep pace with life
C. It is silent
D. It has a new design
53. The clock referred to in (line 1) is a representation of
54. Which of the following words BEST describes the
speaker's outlook (stanza 1)?
55. With what frequency does the speaker see her
B. Frequently, in her mind
C. In still moments
D. Throughout the year, at various seasons
56. In (lines 5 and 6) the speaker says "we have moved on
and everything has changed." What does she mean?
A. Thing are not the same as they use to be
B. Life in general is different
C. She is trying to keep abreast of the times
D. She and those around her have adjusted to a
57. Apart from the experience shared between the par-
ties, what else did they enjoy?
B. Swimming with the dolphins
C. Wading in the North Sea
D. Drinking wine
58. Based on the speaker's thoughts what are her beliefs
regarding her beloved?
A. He has gone to another place.
B. Even though they are apart, her beloved contin-
ues to enjoy all the pleasures of life.
C. She is optimistic she will see him in the future
D. Her beloved's life has ended.
59. How does the speaker know that her beloved lives by
the seasons (stanza 7)?
A. She has vivid reflections of her beloved at differ-
ent times of the year.
B. She is making assumption based on her under-
standing of eternity.
C. She has visions of her beloved at peace.
D. Based on her past experiences with him.
60. Why does the speaker weep not for her beloved, but
for herself (line 28)?
A. She believes her beloved is at peace.
B. She struggles to deal with her sorrow.
C. She longs to be in his company.
D. She is comforted by thoughts of her beloved en-
joying life and longs to share in his enjoyment.
END OF ENGLISH TEST
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