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C. The stars
D. The fairies
. Identif the de ice used in (line ) hich reads For
he s ars sof e es alone ma see
B. E aggeration
5. Where do the Fairies reside
A. In a secret place
B. On the earth
C. In the sk
D. In the Fair dell
6. And gen le hear s mos jo o sl gree tells of
A. The reception recei ed b the El es
B. The friendships that e ist among nature
C. The e tra agance of the feast
D. Identifies the partakers of the Fair Song
. The El es take their e it
A. At the end of the poem
B. At the start of the poem
C. As da light approaches
D. At midnight
. What benefit is the he morning s ar to the
A. It signals a ne da
B. It lights their a home
C. It pro ides sunshine for nature
D. It arms the hearts of the El es
9. Which of the follo ing ords MOST aptl describes
the atmosphere of the poem
C. Ad enturous
CONSEQUENCES OF SLEEP DEPRIVATION FOR TEENAGERS
Many eenage s miss o on a f ll nigh 's sleep d ing he school eek hich impac s on school pe fo mance, a en ion,
memo y, and has been iden ified as a ca se of eigh gain in child en.
The s dy led by P ofesso Olds (Uni e si y of So h A s alia) of mo e han 4000 child en 9- 8 is he fi s la ge-scale
s dy of sleeping habi s of A s alian child en. The findings e e ha nde eigh eenage s had he mos sleep, hile
o e eigh eenage s had he leas sleep.
O e eigh eenage s had an a e age of 0 min es less sleep han nde eigh eenage s d ing he eek and ha co ld
ex end o an ho less on he eekend. Olds said, "I seems e y likely ha i 's he lo sleep d a ion ha 's con ib ing
o obesi y, p obably h o gh a io s ho monal mechanisms ha e kno a e associa ed i h sleep dep i a ion." ( )
The Na ional Sleep Fo nda ion says ha eenage s sho ld be ge ing a o nd 9-9.5 ho s of sleep b many don' , al ho gh
he e is a alid easons hy.
Teenage s nde go changes in hei biology i h mood changes, g o h sp s and changes o hei sleep pa e ns. They
may sleep all day o find i ha d o ge p in he mo ning. When adolescence kicks in he na al ci cadian hy hm is al e ed
i h he conseq ence ha i can be diffic l o ge o sleep. Resea che s say his co ld be beca se mela onin ( hich helps
sleep) is eleased la e .
The o he change is ha hey need o sleep mo e, p o en ho s. The amo n of ho s hey sleep dec eases f om a o nd
he age of 5 hen hey ge a o nd ho s. Ho e e i h he onse of p be y and adolescence sleeping ime inc eases.
Once adolescence is o e , he sleep pa e n changes again o ad l sleeping imes i.e. aking ea lie and sleeping less. O e all
i is a diffic l ime fo eenage s as hey need o sleep mo e, b ypically find i diffic l o ge o sleep a he s al ime.
This means hey a e sleep dep i ed as hey s ill ha e o ge p a ea ly ho s o go o school o spo . Sleep dep i a ion is
linked o a n mbe of side effec s. As ell as hose disc ssed abo e, i is linked o anxie y diso de s, smoking, symp oms
of dep ession, and ebellio s beha io .
T en y pe cen of oad dea hs a e said o be ca sed by mic o-sleeps hich a e ca sed by sleep dep i a ion. A o nd half of
hese ypes of dea hs a e of 6- 5 yea olds. O he s dies ha e fo nd ha lack of sleep as linked o highe blood p es-
D ing sleep e ha e Rapid Eye Mo emen s (REM) indica ing ha e a e d eaming and REM s a s o occ 0- 00 min-
es af e falling asleep. One s dy fo nd ha if high school s den s had he oppo ni y o sleep a school a o nd half of
hem en in o REM sleep i hin a fe min es. Those s den s ha o k a e e en mo e i ed.
Comp e s and TV enco age eenage s o s ay a ake longe and mobiles can in e p sleep h o gho he nigh .
One sol ion is fo o socie y o make changes and allo high school and ni e si y classes o s a la e . Teenage s can
hen ge he sleep hey need i ho ha ing o ake ea lie han hey sho ld. E e yone ill be happie abo hei pe -
fo mance a school, spo , o k and hey ill be as ell.
Tips for better sleeping
• No caffeine -- it interrupts the circadian rhythms Get some sunlight
• Have a routine around bedtime
• Allow enough time to sleep
• Ensure comfortable temperature
• No electrical appliances especially those with electro-magnetic radiation
Article by Lynn Berry, Natural News Edited Source www.naturalnews.com teenagers.html
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