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Guardian www.guardian.co.tt Friday, August 21, 2015
TRINIDAD & TOBAGO CIVIL AVIATION AUTHORITY
The Trinidad and Tobago Civil Aviation Authority (TTCAA) is mandated to regulate and administer a safe
civil aviation system whilst ensuring that Trinidad and Tobago properly discharges its obligations under
international civil aviation agreements and treaties. The TTCAA is seeking to recruit suitably qualified per-
sons for the following position:
The incumbent is required to research employees' personnel files to collate information for the prepara-
tion of Pension and Leave records to facilitate timely payments of retirement and related benefits.
• Review records of employees' previous employment in the Public Service to ensure that the correct
salaries were paid upon transfer to the Authority.
• Update database of dates of appointments/promotions to positions.
• Verify with reference to relevant approvals that salaries were correctly adjusted with promotions
and/or acting appointments, in accordance with the Authority salary bands and iterated procedures.
• Examine Pay Change Advices to verify that correct salaries were paid with effect from the dates of
appointments and where necessary validate payment of arrears as required.
• Submit Pension and Leave Records for verification by Auditors and compute pension related benefit
• Prepare notices of retirement to the Personnel Department and Management of the Authority.
• Request documentation from Board of Inland Revenue and from the retiree to process benefit claims.
• Make recommendations together with all pertinent documentation and submit to the Pension Plan
Management Committee and Trustee for processing payment.
• Provide relevant support/information to the Management Committee, Actuary and Trustee as required.
• Perform related duties as required.
• BSc. in Finance, Accounting or Management.
• Considerable experience in the administration of a pension plan, involving the preparation and/or
auditing of Pension and Leave Records.
• Proficiency in Microsoft Office suite.
• Any equivalent combination of experience and training.
Hospitals have a free and powerful tool that they
could use more often to help reduce the pain that
surgery patients experience: music.
Scores of studies over the years have looked at the
power of music to ease this kind of pain; an analysis
published recently in The Lancet that pulls all those
findings together builds a strong case.
When researchers in London started combing the
medical literature for studies about music s soothing
power, they found hundreds of small studies sug-
gesting some benefit. The idea goes back to the days
of Florence Nightingale, and music was used to ease
surgical pain as early as 1914.
Dr Catherine Meads at Brunel University focused
her attention on 73 rigorous, randomised clinical
trials about the role of music among surgery patients.
"As the studies themselves were small, they really
didn t find all that much," Meads says. "But once we
put them all together, we had much more power to
find whether music worked or not."
She and her colleagues now report that, yes indeed,
surgery patients who listened to music, either before,
during or after surgery, were better off---in terms of
reduced pain, less anxiety and more patient satis-
Maybe most notably, patients listening to music
used significantly less pain medication. Meads says,
on average, music helped the patients drop two notch-
es on the 10-point pain scale.
That s the same relief typically reported with a
dose of painkilling medicine. Some hospitals do
encourage patients to listen to music, but Meads says
the practice should be more widely adopted, given
the evidence of its effectiveness.
In many of these studies, she notes, the patients
chose the music they listened to. "It could be anything
from Spanish guitar to Chinese classical music."
If the drone of a dentist's drill gives you the
shivers, you're not alone. Many people avoid the
dentist because they fear pain. While there's little
dentists can do to make a root canal palatable,
there is evidence that listening to soothing music
during the dental procedure can make the
experience feel less painful.
When the body encounters something painful---
you step on a tack, for instance---electrochemical
signals travel from the site of the injury to the
spinal cord and on to the brain. There, several brain
regions work together to process pain signals---
ultimately resulting in the conscious experience of,
"Ow, that hurts!"
In contrast, brain scans reveal that listening to
pleasing music increases activity in parts of the
brain's reward centre.
"Pleasant music triggers the release of the brain
chemical dopamine," explains Robert Zatorre, of
McGill University, who studies emotion and music.
This change "is strongly associated with other
rewarding and motivating stimuli, such as food,
sex, and certain addictive drugs," Zatorre adds.
Scientists believe that music's ability to make you
feel good may be one way it helps to alleviate
Studies also suggest that how good a song
makes you feel affects your perception of pain.
Although musical taste is subjective, there are
common features of music that evoke fairly
universal responses. For instance, most people find
musical consonance (harmonies or chords) to be
pleasant and dissonance (clashing notes) to be
unpleasant. (Society for Neuroscience)
Music eases pain,
anxiety of surgery
YOUR DAILY HEALTH
News and advice
And, unlike drugs, she says, music "doesn t seem
to have any side effects."
Well, there may be one side effect. A few studies
have noted that operating rooms are very noisy places,
and music played in the room can make it harder
for the surgical staff to hear what s going on. Doctors
sometimes have to repeat their commands, creating
opportunities for misunderstanding or error. (NPR)
...surgery patients who listened to music, either before, during
or after surgery, were better off---in terms of reduced pain, less
anxiety and more patient satisfaction.
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