Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : August 31st 2015 Contents Guardian www.guardian.co.tt Monday, August 31, 2015
21. The Pitch Lake is estimated to be 41 hectares. What
does this measurement represent?
22. The disappearance, appearance and reappearance of
prehistoric plants and objects from the Pitch Lake
were MOST likely caused by?
A. The shifting of the plates
B. A volcanic eruption
C. The stirring action of the lake
D. The sinking and stirring action that occurs in the
23. Why does the writer describe asphalt as a "semi-
A. The consistency of asphalt varies according to
the location from where it is extracted
B. It comprises both liquid and solid components.
C. At times you can stand on its surface.
D. The asphalt deposit occurs both on and under the
surface of the lake.
24. The creation of the La Brea Pitch Lake resulted from
A. The work of human hands
B. Deep sea mining
C. The displacement of the Caribbean Continental
Plate by another plate
D. The Caribbean Continental plate being crushed by
25. The loss of elements of oil that occurs on the surface
of the lake is caused by
B. Climatic Conditions
C. Shifting of the Earth's surface
D. Stirring on the lake's surface
26. We are told that tar was used to caulk Sir Walter
Raleigh's ship. The word "caulk" means
27. "1867" is of historic significance to Trinidad and To-
bago because it marks the year
A. Sir Walter Raleigh's visited to the pitch Lake
B. The pitch lake was discovered by the Amerindi-
C. The mysterious disappearance of prehistoric
trees and objects
D. Mining of the pitch lake commenced in that year
28. The name "Tierra de Brea," given to the Pitch Lake is
believed to be of what origin?
29. Which of the following is NOT considered to be a
socio-economic benefit of the Pitch Lake?
A. The Amerindians guided Sir Walter Raleigh to
the Pitch Lake.
B. It is a tourist attraction to 20,000 visitors annu-
C. Tar has been used to pave streets in more than
fifty countries worldwide.
D. The lake is sought after for its healing properties.
30. Based on the article, what is the MOST redeeming
feature of the La Brea Pitch Lake?
A. It is size and significance
B. Its association with Sir Walter Raleigh
C. It is a natural resource
D. Its historic value
DIRECTIONS: Read the poem carefully before attempting
the questions. Each question has four options, select the
most appropriate answer, based on what is implied or
stated in the poem.
31. What does the writer insinuate in (line 1)?
A. Loveliness is abundant
B. Life has much to offer
C. Loveliness is available at a price
D. Life has something lovely for everyone
32. "Blue waves whitened on a cliff," (line 3) reflect
33. The children's faces to which the poet refers in (lines 5
and 6) depict
34. What does the poet recommend for "your spirit"
A. Arms that hold
B. Still delight
C. Holy thoughts
D. An hour of peace
35. "Spend all you have for loveliness," (line 13) is the
speaker's way of saying
A. She places a high value on loveliness
B. To her loveliness is an essential component in life
C. She understands that loveliness cannot be
D. She is not opposed to paying for what she wants
Life has loveliness to sell,
All beautiful and splendid things,
Blue waves whitened on a cliff,
Soaring fire that sways and sings,
And children's faces looking up
Holding wonder like a cup.
Life has loveliness to sell,
Music like a curve of gold,
Scent of pine trees in the rain,
Eyes that love you, arms that hold,
And for your spirit's still delight,
Holy thoughts that star the night.
Spend all you have for loveliness,
Buy it and never count the cost;
For one white singing hour of peace
Count many a year of strife well lost,
And for a breath of ecstasy
Give all you have been, or could be
By Sara Teasdale
by-sara-teasdale#ixzz3iovQPppu Family Friend Poems
Continued on the next page
When Sir Walter Raleigh discovered the Pitch Lake in 1595, it was already known as the Tierra de Brea, its Spanish name,
by the Amerindian guides who introduced Sir Walter to the 100-acre lake of black gold. Sir Walter Raleigh immediately
recognized the potential and began caulking his ships with the tar. On his second voyage to Trinidad, Sir Walter Raleigh
took some of the asphalt home with him, where it was used to pave Westminster Bridge for the opening of Parliament.
Unfortunately the raw pitch melted in the sun, as it has a tendency to do, covering horses' hooves and gumming up carriage
Mining of the lake started in 1867, and an estimated 10 million tons of asphalt has been extracted since. Tar from the La
Brea Pitch Lake in Trinidad has been used to provide high grade road surfaces not only in Trinidad, Tobago and the other
islands of the Caribbean, but it has also paved streets in over 50 countries including the United States of America, England,
India, Singapore, Egypt, and even Japan. The lake is estimated to contain reserves of around 6 million tons, which would
last 400 years at the current rate of extraction.
The La Brea Pitch Lake attracts about 20,000 visitors annually. People occasionally swim in the waters of the pitch lake
which some say is therapeutic because of the sulphur content.
Apart from being a natural wonder, the lake has great social and economic value to residents of La Brea in particular and
citizens of Trinidad and Tobago. However, its benefit is far reaching, including both to the Caribbean community and to
other countries of the world.
Article by Kaushik
Pitch Lake, Trinidad - The Largest Natural Deposit of Asphalt (Edited)
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