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SPIRITUALITY AND POLITICS AS ENUNCIATED BY
THE DIVINE SATHYA SAI BABA, REGARDED AS AN
AVATAR, THE INCARNATION OF GOD ON EARTH
"The nation belongs to all. People must stand up for truth. All must protect the honour of the nation. The nation is one's
mother. The mother and motherland are greater than heaven itself.
Spirituality is very essential for the welfare of the country. Do not get carried away by those who give platform speeches,
but practice none. Humanity will progress only when there is morality. Morals make the man and the nation. If you adhere
to morality and integrity, the country will become an ideal to the world. What the nation needs today is morality. Morality
must be regarded as a fundamental requisite at all times at all places. Ceaselessly endeavour to adhere to truth, right-
eousness, morality and integrity. Gladstone, who was Prime Minister during Queen Victoria's reign, always adhered to
morality in all situations. The people had more regard for him than even for the queen. Power, prestige, wealth and schol-
arship are all despicable if they are not directed towards moral ends. You should strive to uphold righteousness.
When a grave crime is committed, the sin is shared by five (5) categories of persons: (1) the person who commits the sin,
(2) the person who encourages the act of sin, (3) the person who shows the ways and means to commit the sin, (4) the
person who is the cause, (5) one who witnesses it. All the five will have to face the consequences, including those who are
silent witnesses to the crime, though they know that a grievous crime is being committed. It is unworthy for a person to
remain silent in the face of wickedness. Such inaction can destroy an entire society.
Those in charge of administration are not interested in elevating the means; they are keen only on the end, namely the
standard of living. Purity of the means ensures purity of the end. Mahatma Gandhi never allowed himself to use wrong
means to attain right ends. His punctiliousness in the choice of means was so great that even the achievement of the end
was subordinated to the nature of the means used because he believed that the right end could not be achieved by wrong
means. Rawan, the evil king of Lanka ruled over a kingdom and his capital could compare well with heaven. But because
of his bad qualities, he lost his own happiness, his kingdom and everything that he had. He destroyed his own dynasty and
family. He knew all the codes of conduct of a king and yet he was behaving like a monkey. A leader of any sort should set
an example to his followers and serve as an ideal to them. As the leaders, so the led.
Politics without principles and science without humanity are not only useless but positively dangerous. The country will
regain prosperity and peace only when you have morality in business, principles in politics, educated men who have char-
acter and work as the basis of wealth. The seven deadly sins ravaging the nation today are business without morality, pol-
itics without principle, education without character, worship without sacrifice, wealth without hard work, human existence
without regard for scriptures, and devotion without austerity.
We want a government which will make the people tread the path of truth and righteousness. 'God-ment' is the real gov-
ernment. Truth and righteousness are the two rails on which the locomotive of the nation runs. When truth is given up,
chaos prevails. When righteousness is discarded, might becomes right. There are people who are working for their selfish
ends. Do not follow them. The government should be exemplary in its actions. The only way to immortality is the removal
of immorality. Rulers should have three qualities: (1) righteous conduct (2) good counsel and (3) good qualities. There
should be a combination of all the three. There should be no place for the wicked who think one thing, speak another thing
and act in a different way. As is the ruler, so too are the ministers.
Ram taught Bharata how government should be carried on. 'Have as your ministers only persons of character and virtue,
who are tranquil in mind and devoted to truth. Don't have as ministers anyone lacking in these four qualities. Moreover,
they should possess self-confidence, practice righteous conduct, and be capable of giving proper advice. Don't allow any-
one given to vices like gambling and drink to wield authority.'
Conduct is supremely important. Right conduct is the watchword of a Prime Minister. Nothing is more powerful. To the
extent he or she yields or diminishes right conduct, to that degree disintegration sets in.
A good leader has to possess what may be called individual (or personal) character and national character. Only such per-
sons can become ideal leaders. A king's (or prime minister's) conduct should be above reproach. Self-restraint, humility,
righteousness and straight-forwardness are essential for success.
To protect a country it is not so important to have arms and missiles and atom bombs. It is most essential to have men and
women of great virtue. With good men at the helm of the nation, it will experience good results. Rama, the ideal ruler who
ruled His people with due regard to their likes and dislikes, was a good man devoted to truth and righteousness. There is
no use in acquiring greatness without goodness. Greatness related to power, position or wealth is transient. It is lost when
power and position go. But goodness is respected always."
SUBMITTED BY DR. ANAND CHATOORGOON, ON THE OCCASION OF GANESH CHATURTHI
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