Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : October 1st 2015 Contents OCTOBER 1 • 2015 www.guardian.co.tt BUSINESS GUARDIAN
REGIONAL | BG19
Brazil on Sunday became the first
major developing country to pledge an
absolute reduction in greenhouse gas
emissions for an envisioned global pact
against climate change.
The world s seventh biggest green-
house gas polluter said it would cut its
emissions by 37 per cent by 2025 from
2005 levels by reducing deforestation
and boosting the share of renewable
sources in its energy mix. It also indicated
an "intended reduction" of 43 per cent
"Our goals are just as ambitious, if
not more so, than those set by developed
countries," President Dilma Rousseff
said as she announced the targets at the
UN in New York.
In talks on a new climate agreement,
set to be adopted in Paris in December,
developed countries are expected to
shoulder the biggest responsibility for
cutting emissions of carbon dioxide and
other greenhouse gases. For example,
the US has pledged to reduce its emis-
sions by 26-28 percent between 2005
Major developing countries such as
China and South Africa have pledged
to rein in their emissions as their
economies expand, rather than to slash
them in absolute terms.
Brazil, however, has already achieved
significant emissions cuts in the past
decade primarily because of efforts to
reduce deforestation in the Amazon.
Environmental groups tracking climate
policy applauded Brazil for taking
absolute reduction targets, but said they
could have been even more ambitious.
The targets would reduce Brazilian
emissions from the current level of 1.6
billion tonnes a year to 1.5 billion tonnes
by 2025 and 1.3 billion tonnes by 2030,
said Viviane Romeiro of the World
Resources Institute, an environmental
"Ideally, we would have reached 1
gigaton by 2030. This pledge won t allow
us to get to that number," she said.
Rousseff said that by 2030, Brazil,
which has large dams, aims to get 66
per cent of its electricity from hydropow-
er and 23 percent from other renewable
sources including wind, solar and bio-
That s an increase from a joint
announcement with the US in June,
when Brazil said it would double its
non-hydropower renewable sources to
20 percent by 2030.
She also said that Brazil would strive
to end illegal deforestation by 2030, a
goal that Romeiro said it had previously
hoped to achieve by this year.
A crunch issue in UN climate talks
is how to divide the responsibility of
fighting climate change between devel-
oped countries who have historically
released the highest emissions and
developing nations whose emissions
are growing the fastest.
Environment Minister Izabella Teix-
eira told The Associated Press that
Brazil s targets were consistent with its
historical responsibility to deal with the
"We are not increasing our emissions.
We are cutting our emissions," she said.
Without naming anyone, she added
that many countries say they want to
fight global warming, "but when you
check their numbers you see they are
increasing their emissions." AP
Brazil pledges to cut
of Paris climate pact
BRIDGETOWN---Secretary General of
the Caribbean Tourism Organisation
(CTO) Hugh Riley has urged regional
authorities to institute an open skies
policy and wherever possible to elim-
inate secondary screening at Caribbean airports.
Riley said that while an open skies policy would
allow regional carriers to take unlimited flights to
all Caribbean Community (Caricom) member states
and encourage the growth of competition among
carriers, elimination of secondary screening would
encourage greater demand for intra-regional trav-
el.He has also called for improved interline arrange-
ments for a "vastly enhanced" baggage transfer and
improved passenger experience.
Riley, who spoke at the recent airline route devel-
opment forum, "World Routes 2015" in Durban, also
made a plea for collaboration in a number of areas,
including intelligence sharing with the use of the
Advance Passenger Information System (APIS), and
"Cooperation in these areas will encourage and
facilitate greater investment by airlines into and
across the Caribbean region. Better connectivity
means greater economic benefits."
Citing the post-September 11 television campaign
in the United States, "Life Needs the Caribbean"
and the 2007 Cricket Work Cup as examples, Riley
said the Caribbean has shown its ability to put effec-
tive regional strategies in place and can do the same
to grow travel into and throughout the region.
"This type of cooperation and collaboration needs
to be the standard practice in serving the region s
various tourism needs," he said.
The Secretary General added that it was important
to finalise and implement the amended Multilateral
Air Services Agreement; facilitate unlimited third,
fourth, and fifth freedom of traffic rights for scheduled
passenger services from and between international
airports and sub-regions within Caricom and establish
a Caricom Single Domestic Air Space to help generate
additional international traveller demand which, in
turn, will encourage airlines to establish routes to
"Unnecessarily lengthy policy development and
slow implementation processes hinder progress," he
The World Route Development Forum attracted
senior representatives from airlines, airports and
tourism authorities who meet to plan and discuss
new and existing global air services. It is organised
by the aviation route development company, Routes.
CTO member countries Antigua and Barbuda, the
Bahamas, Puerto Rico and the Turks and Caicos
Islands attended this year s event.
Riley s attendance at the event was aimed at ele-
vating the Caribbean brand; exploring opportunities
for the Caribbean; presenting the prospects for
expansion and improvement of connectivity within
the Caribbean; and discussing challenges facing
regional and global aviation and offering solutions.
He also highlighted the work of the CTO Aviation
Task Force as a facilitator within the Caribbean and
"I was pleased with the extremely high quality of
the interactions we made in Durban and the level
of interest there is in the Caribbean: interest in
exploring the tourism potential between the Caribbean
and Africa, as well as expanding into other non-tra-
"I fully expect that contacts we made here will
redound to the benefit of Caribbean tourism in
general and CTO s member-countries in particular,"
Riley said. (CMC)
CTO wants open skies
policy in the Caribbean
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