Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : October 5th 2015 Contents Monday, October 5, 2015 www.guardian.co.tt Guardian
37. When the writer speaks of "life's gall" (line 16) to
what does she refer?
A. Life's pleasures
B. The essence of life
C. The bitterness of life
D. Life's uncertainties
38. "The narrow aisles of pain," (line 24) speaks to
39. The persons with whom the speaker has interacted
are BEST describes as
40. What have you gleaned from the speaker's experi-
A. In life we must all face adversity
B. The speaker's experience is unique
C. Life is made up of all types of people
D. People are present in good times, but scarce in
periods of adversity.
Bamboo Sven Samelius is any of the tall, treelike grasses comprising the subfamily Bambusoideae of the family Poaceae.
More than 75 genera and 1,000 species of bamboos have been proposed in botanical literature, but many names are
synonymous and thus not considered legitimate.
Bamboos are giant, fast-growing grasses that have woody stems. They are distributed in tropical and subtropical to
mild temperate regions, with the heaviest concentration and largest number of species in East and Southeast Asia and
on islands of the Indian and Pacific oceans. A few species of bamboo belonging to the genus Arundinaria are native to
the southern United States, where they form dense canebrakes along riverbanks and in marshy areas.
The woody, hollow aerial stems (culms) of bamboo grow in branching clusters from a thick underground stem (rhizome).
The culms often form dense undergrowth that excludes other plants. Bamboo culms can attain heights ranging from
10 to 15 cm (about 4 to 6 inches) in the smallest species to more than 40 m (about 130 feet) in the largest. Mature
bamboos sprout horizontal branches that bear sword-shaped leaves on stalked blades; the leaves on young culms arise
directly from the stem. Though the culms of some species grow quickly (as much as 1 foot [0.3 m] per day), most bam-
boos flower and produce seeds only after 12--120 years' growth, and then only once in their lifetime.
Bamboos are used for a great variety of purposes, especially in East and Southeast Asia. The seeds are eaten as grain,
and the cooked young shoots of some bamboos are eaten as vegetables, especially in Chinese cuisines. The raw leaves
are a useful fodder for livestock. The pulped fibres of several bamboo species, especially Dendrocalamus strictus and
Bambusa arundinacea, are used to make fine-quality paper. The jointed stems of bamboo have perhaps the most nu-
merous uses; the largest stems supply planks for houses and rafts, while both large and small stems are lashed together
to form the scaffoldings used on building-construction sites. The stems are also split up to make buckets and pipes or
are used to make furniture, walking sticks, fishing poles, garden stakes, and other utensils. Some species of bamboo
are used as ornamentals in landscape gardens. The fine-grained silica produced in the joints of bamboo stems has been
used as a medicine in the Orient for centuries under the name tabasheer. East Asian artists, poets, and epicures have
long celebrated the beauty and utility of bamboo in paintings and verse.
Article by The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica Source: http://www.britannica.com/plant/bamboo
41. According to the writer's definition Bamboo is
A. Giant, fast-growing grasses with woody stems.
B. Fast growing plants with small stalks
C. Tall grasses with woody stems
D. Giant, fast-growing grasses with thick stems
42. Which continent is renowned for having the largest
species of Bamboo?
A. North America
C. South America
43. Bamboo that is indigenous to the United States
favours which type of environment?
A. Arid conditions
B. Frigid climates
C. Sandy soil
44. Which of the following people have benefitted MOST
C. South American
Continued on the next page
DIRECTION: Read the passage carefully before attempting the questions. Each question has four options, select the
most appropriate answer based on what is contained or implied in the passage.
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