Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : November 14th 2015 Contents 9
Saturday, November 14, 2015 www.guardian.co.tt Guardian
WHICH INCLUDE SLOWLY DIGESTIBLE
CARBOHYDRATES TO HELP MINIMIZE
BLOOD SUGAR RESPONSE.1
by doctors for
Diabetes is one of the most
common ailments affecting
T&T. Last year, the Interna-
tional Diabetes Federation said
there were 135,600 cases of
diabetes in the country.
Despite its prevalence, many
don't know how to identify the
So how can you tell if you're
at risk? As yourself these ques-
• Are you over 45 years?
• Does your mother, father, or
any other close relative have
• Are you overweight?
• Do you get little or no exer-
cise, less than 3 times a week?
• Do you have high blood pres-
The following are helpful tips to
help you stay in control of managing
1. It's not about your diabetes - It's
about your life
• What things about diabetes keep
me from doing it?
• What are some solutions?
• How can making an action plan
2. It's not just about blood sugar
Heart disease and stroke are the big
killers for people with diabetes.
Here's how to lower your chances:
• If you use tobacco, quit.
• Keep your blood pressure at or
• Consider taking a statin drug.
• Ask your doctor about ACE-in-
• Talk to your doctor about whether a
daily aspirin is right for you.
• Make healthy lifestyle choices.
3. Stress makes everything worse
Stress can get in the way of taking
care of yourself and managing your
• Find out what's causing stress in
• Learn ways to reduce or cope with
• Schedule something fun for your-
self on a regular basis.
4. Exercise makes everything better
Exercise is good for everybody. It
gives you more energy, reduces
stress, helps you relax, and makes it
easier to fall asleep.
• Work towards doing at least 30
minutes every day.
• Make it fun, not a chore.
• Try a pedometer.
5. Don't diet - Make healthier food
Find a healthier way of eating that
you can stick with for life.
• Instead of thinking about food as
either "good" or "bad," think about
which foods support good health.
• Eat a variety of foods to make sure
you're getting the vitamins and
minerals your body needs.
• Talk to your dietitian to find a meal
plan that works for you.
6. Be smart and use your "flash-
Your blood sugar monitor helps you
see in the dark, like a flashlight. Test
your blood sugar to get information
you can use, for example:
• When you first wake up in the
• Before or after meals.
• Before, during, and after exercising.
• Whenever you feel "odd."
7. Get regular checkups
• Keeping regular appointments with
your doctor and getting tests and
screenings on time, helps you be an
active partner with your health care
• Know what questions to ask.
• Write them down ahead of time.
• Let your doctor know at the begin-
ning of each visit what specific
things you want to talk about.
8. Make sure you're not depressed
It's often hard for people to know
when they're depressed. Here are
some common signs:
• Feeling down, blue, hopeless, sad, or
• Not enjoying activities that used to
• Feeling as though you're letting
other people down
• Trouble concentrating
• Tired all the time, no energy
• No interest in food
• Trouble falling asleep
• Feeling like life isn't worth living
9. Write down your care plan
Work with your doctor to design a di-
abetes care plan that's right for you.
Be sure to include:
• What drugs you're taking and why
you're taking them.
• Your daily targets for the numbers
you can control.
• The goals you want to achieve.
• Who you should call and when.
10. Join a group
Groups work magic!
• A problem shared is a problem
• You'll be amazed at how much you
have to offer others.
• Check out the Living Well With Dia-
Since you were recently diag-
nosed with type 2 diabetes, ask
your doctor these questions at
your next visit.
1. Does having diabetes mean that
I am at higher risk for other
2. Should I start seeing other doc-
tors regularly, such as an eye
3. How often should I test my
blood sugar, and what should I
4. Are there any new medications
that I could use to help manage
5. Does diabetes mean I have to
stop eating the foods I like best?
6. How can exercise make a differ-
ence in my diabetes?
7. If I'm overweight, how many
pounds do I have to lose to make
a difference in my health?
8. Are my children at increased risk
for the disease?
9. What is the importance of diet
10. Do I need to take my medica-
tions even on days that I feel
• Are you a woman who
has had large babies
weighing more than 9
pounds at birth?
• Did you have Diabetes
during pregnancy (gesta-
• Does the skin around
your neck or armpits look
dirty or dark no matter
how much you scrub it?
If you answer yes to
more than one of these
questions, visit your com-
munity health centre or
your doctor and have your
Blood Sugar level checked.
The normal range of blood
sugar is 80-120Mg/dl.
You should check your
blood sugar level every 6
months to 1 year, or as indi-
cated by your doctor. Blood
sugar and blood pressure
checks are available free at
all health centers in T&T.
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