Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : December 1st 2015 Contents A28
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Guardian www.guardian.co.tt Tuesday, December 1, 2015
SERVICE COMMISSIONS DEPARTMENT
ADVERTISEMENT OF VACANCY
Parliamentary Counsel I (Group L6A)
LEGISLATIVE DRAFTING DEPARTMENT,
MINISTRY OF THE ATTORNEY GENERAL
APPLICATIONS ARE INVITED FROM SUITABLY QUALIFIED PERSONS FOR APPOINTMENT TO THE
ABOVE MENTIONED OFFICE.
M • LLB and an LEC- Legal Education Certificate
• Admission to practice Law in Trinidad & Tobago
• Minimum experience:
• Two (2) years practice at the bar
• Knowledge of the Laws of Trinidad & Tobago
• Good advocacy skills
• Good interpersonal skills
• Good communication skills both written and oral
• Good analytical and reasoning skills
• Good negotiation skills
• Good human relations skills
• Good computer skills
Group L6A: $19,400 per month
For further details persons wishing to apply can access the Advertisement, the Application Form and the Job
Specification at the Service Commissions Department and on the website at www.scd.org.tt
Application Forms are obtainable from any District Revenue Office, The Chief Administrator, Tobago House of
Assembly or the Service Commissions Department.
Interested persons must submit their applications no later than 4th December, 2015 to The Director of Personnel
Administration, Service Commissions Department:
52-58 Woodford Street
Persons who have applied previously and who still wish to be considered for appointment to the office are
advised to re-apply in response to this Advertisement.
INCOMPLETE AND UNSUITABLE APPLICATIONS WILL NOT BE ACKNOWLEDGED
Please see the website for details on:
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Metabolism is a term that is thrown around
a lot in the nutrition world, but most people
don t fully understand what it really is, what
aspects of your metabolism are under your con-
trol and how you can optimise it to help you
lose weight and keep the weight off.
The term metabolism actually refers to all the
chemical processes that take place in your body
to keep you alive. When it comes to weight loss,
most people are referring to the total energy
expenditure (TEE), or the number of calories that
you burn on a daily basis.
Resting metabolic rate, the calories your body
burns at rest, makes up approximately two-thirds
of TEE and depends on your age, sex, body size,
its composition, hormone levels and recent energy
intake. The more body mass you have, the more
you burn, and muscles and other lean tissue,
especially major organs, burn significantly more
As we age, changes in hormones and protein
metabolism, in conjunction with decreased phys-
ical activity, lead to a muscle loss of approximately
three per cent per decade beginning in your 30s,
often accompanied by a slow gain in fat. Regular
strength training can help offset these changes
in body composition, just one factor you can con-
Genetics plays a role. And restricting calories
can also decrease resting metabolism. A recent
study showed a decrease of 72 calories per day
after just three weeks of cutting calories in half.
This may not seem like much but it could be a
major factor in weight regain over time.
The second major component of TEE is activity
energy expenditure, which accounts for 15 to 30
per cent of the total calories you burn each day,
depending on how physically active you are.
This includes exercise and non-exercise activity
you do on a daily basis, such as taking the stairs
at work, active hobbies, grocery shopping, even
Exercise can help offset some of the undesirable
drop in metabolism associated with dieting so it
is a critical component of weight loss.
One important aspect of exercise that many
people fail to realise when they are trying to lose
weight is that the less you weigh and the more
fit you become, the fewer calories you burn doing
the same amount of exercise. This phenomenon
leads to frustrating weight loss plateaus.
And it s why it is important to modify your
workouts regularly: work out longer, increase the
intensity of your current regimen, and change
the types of exercises you do to work different
muscle groups. Studies show that if you exercise
more intensely, particularly high-intensity interval
training and high-intensity resistance training,
you get a small boost in your metabolism for up
to 48 hours post workout, but the clinical sig-
nificance of this "afterburn" is questionable.
Non-exercise activity also plays an important
role. Research performed at the Mayo Clinic shows
that it can burn hundreds of extra calories per
day. Unfortunately, such activity has dropped sig-
nificantly due to the mechanization of our society:
garage door openers, washing machines, dish-
washers, computers, television viewing, escalators
and a significant population shift toward more
For this reason, many weight-loss experts focus
not only on increasing exercise but also on boost-
ing daily non-exercise activity through simple
interventions such taking the stairs at work, stand-
ing while talking on the phone, or getting off one
or two bus stops early on your daily commute
and walking the remainder of the way to work.
The final component of TEE is the calories you
burn digesting and processing the food you eat,
accounting for only about ten per cent of the
total. Protein requires more calories to digest and
process than carbohydrates, and carbohydrates
more than fat, but that doesn t mean that you
should load up on chicken breasts
to boost your metabolism.
Total caloric intake still matters
the most, although the quality of
those calories does play an impor-
tant role in facilitating weight loss.
There is a great deal we don t
know about metabolism, particu-
larly when it comes to individual
variability in the different compo-
nents of total energy expenditure.
Until we learn more, your best bet
is to exercise regularly (including
both cardio and strength training),
pump up the intensity of workouts
if and when you can, eat regularly
(don t skip breakfast and have a
huge dinner), don t crash diet---
and lead a more active lifestyle.
Metabolism: What does it mean?
YOUR DAILY HEALTH
News and advice
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