Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : December 12th 2015 Contents A19
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JUBA, South Sudan---A critically endan-
gered elephant species has been pho-
tographed by researchers for the first time
in South Sudan, significantly expanding
the known range of the animal. But even
in these remote central African forests, it
faces threats from illegal logging and from
Smaller than savannah elephants, the for-
est elephants roam tropical forests and were
photographed by cameras tied to trees in
Western Equatoria state, a lush area near
Congo and the Central African Republic.
"This is by far the most northerly herd
of forest elephants that anyone has seen in
Africa," Adrian Garside, co-leader of the
study by Fauna & Flora International, told
Forest elephant populations declined by
60 percent between 2002 and 2011, while
losing 30 percent of their range in West and
Central Africa, according to a 2013 study
published in scientific journal PLOS ONE.
The forest elephant has straighter tusks
than its cousins and more rounded ears and
The remotely activated cameras, set up
over 3,000 square miles (7,770 sq kilometres)
of the state, also captured images of African
golden cat, red river hog, giant pangolin,
and water chevrotain, which is like a small
deer, all previously unrecorded in South
Sudan, the group said.
Over six months, the cameras captured
more than 20,000 wildlife images. Chim-
panzee, leopard, hyena, and bongo antelope
were also spotted.
"We are proving that there are expanses
of habitat that is sort of pristine and unex-
plored, which is a very hopeful sign," Garside
In other countries, forest elephants are
under intense poaching pressure, said said
DeeAnn Reeder, co-leader of the new study
and a biology professor at Pennsylvania s
She said the greater threat in Western
Equatoria is habitat loss.
"There s illegal logging happening in
Western Equatoria now, and it s pretty much
unchecked," Reeder said.
South Sudan s war has led to more poach-
ing of elephants for meat and ivory. Over
50 per cent of elephants in South Sudan
fitted with radio tracking collars before the
war have been poached since fighting broke
out two years ago, Paul Elkan of the Wildlife
Conservation Society told AP.
Western Equatoria was mostly peaceful
during the conflict but skirmishes broke
out there between rebels and army this
OKLAHOMA CITY---A "serial
rapist with a badge" who faces many
years in prison for raping black
women on his police beat was
caught because of the courage of a
grandmother who refused to remain
silent after he sexually assaulted her,
her lawyer said Friday. "He just
picked the wrong lady to stop that
night," said Jannie Ligons, whose
police complaint triggered the
investigation that led to charges
Daniel Holtzclaw victimised 13
women as an Oklahoma City Police
officer. "I wanted to make sure this
wouldn't happen again, no way no
The conviction of Holtzclaw
Thursday night on rape, sexual
battery and other charges should
send a strong message nationwide,
said attorney Benjamin Crump, who
said he plans to sue the city for civil
"Black women's lives matter. It
mattered just as if this were a group
of 13 white women," Crump said.
Jurors found Holtzclaw, who
turned 29 on Thursday, guilty of 18
counts involving eight of the women.
He was acquitted of charges
involving five other women he
encountered while on night patrol in
a minority, low-income
neighborhood. They recommended
263 years, including 30-year
sentences for each of four first-
degree rape convictions. (AP)
LE BOURGET, France---Rifts emerged Friday
between Western countries and China and
its allies over how to share the burdens of
reducing carbon pollution and helping vul-
nerable nations cope with the rising seas and
extreme weather that comes with global
The issue has dogged climate negotiations
for years and diplomats at the talks now under-
way outside Paris are hoping it won t threaten
a long-awaited deal. UN Secretary-General
Ban Ki-Moon, US Secretary of State John Kerry
and other top officials shuttled among high-
stakes meetings all day Friday in hopes of com-
ing to a final agreement on Saturday.
China s deputy chief negotiator stood firm
Friday on his nation s demand that rich coun-
tries should assume most responsibility for the
costs and argued against an agreement that
sets too-tough goals for weaning the world off
using oil, gas and coal---the biggest source of
The talks, originally scheduled to end Friday,
dragged into an extra day as the French hosts
said they needed more time to overcome dis-
Negotiators from more than 190 countries
are aiming to create something that s never
been done before: an agreement for all countries
to reduce man-made emissions of carbon diox-
ide and other greenhouse gases and helping
the poorest adapt to rising seas, fiercer weather
and other impacts of global warming.
The US and European countries want to
move away from so-called "differentiation"
among economies and want big emerging
countries like China and India to pitch in more
in a final climate deal.
But Liu Zhenmin, deputy chief of the Chinese
delegation, told reporters Friday that issue is
"at the core of our concern for the Paris agree-
ment." He said he wants different rules for dif-
ferent countries "clearly stipulated" in the
global warming pact, and insisted the demand
is "quite legitimate."
China is among the more than 180 countries
that have submitted emissions targets for the
new pact but is resisting Western proposals
for robust transparency rules that would require
each country to show whether it s on track to
meet its target.
Liu also argued against sharply limiting the
number of degrees the planet warms this cen-
tury, because that would involve huge lifestyle
and economic changes.
"We need heating. We need air conditioning.
You need to drive your car," he said.
Indian Environment Minister Prakash
Javadekar also said differentiation was the
biggest dispute and accused developed countries
of not showing enough flexibility in the talks.
However, signs of divisions among major
developing countries surfaced Friday as Brazil
joined an informal coalition of Western countries
and some developing ones in a "high-ambition
coalition" that is calling for a strong deal.
Liu dismissed the coalition as a "perfor-
Kerry, on his fifth straight day in France
trying to iron out differences with developing
countries, said he s "hopeful" for an accord
and has been working behind the scenes to
The two weeks of talks are the culmination
of years of UN-led efforts to create a long-
term climate deal. UN climate conferences
often run past their deadlines, given the com-
plexity and sensitivity of each word in an
international agreement and the consequences
for national economies.
Analysts said the delay until Saturday was
not necessarily a bad sign.
Sam Barratt of the advocacy group Avaaz
said getting 200 countries to agree on anything
is quite difficult.
"Getting them to agree on the future of
the planet and a deal on climate change is
probably one of the toughest pieces of nego-
tiation they ll ever get involved in," Barratt
This accord is the first time all countries
are expected to pitch in---the previous emis-
sions treaty, the 1997 Kyoto Protocol, only
included rich countries.
The latest 27-page draft said governments
would aim to peak the emissions of heat-
trapping greenhouse gases "as soon as pos-
sible" and strive to reach "emissions neu-
trality" by the second half of the century---a
vague term generally understood to mean no
more emissions than the Earth can naturally
absorb. That was weaker language than in
previous drafts, which included more specific
emissions cuts and timeframes.
China s Liu said negotiators don t under-
stand what is meant by "neutrality" and
argued for an even softer "low-carbon" goal.
The draft didn t resolve how to deal with
demands from vulnerable countries to deal
with unavoidable damage from rising seas
and other climate impacts. One option said
such losses would be addressed in a way that
doesn t involve liability and compensation---
a US demand.
French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius,
who was expected to present a new draft Sat-
urday morning, said the world would not find
a better moment to reach a global climate
Policemen detain an activist from environmental group Greenpeace during a protest on the
Champs-Elysee in Paris, yesterday. The protest is one of many activist actions linked to the
COP21, the United Nations Climate Change Conference. AP PHOTO
West, China disagree
on climate change
US cop 'picked wrong lady' to rape
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