Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : December 14th 2015 Contents Guardian www.guardian.co.tt Monday, December 14, 2015
C. Having cared for the elderly, there is no way
to compensate her for her dedicated service.
D. After giving seventeen plus years of dedi-
cated service to the elderly, there is no way
to compensate her.
Continued on the next page
DIRECTIONS: Read the passage carefully before attempting the questions. Each question has four options, select
the most appropriate answer based on what is contained or implied in the passage.
21. According to the writer, who are the chief offenders
of greenhouse gas emissions?
A. Industrialized countries
B. The general public
C. Event planners
22. Greenhouse gas emission are attributed to
A. Negligent use
B. Consumers of fossil fuels
C. Fuel and energy consumption
D. The use of natural gas
23. Where are Carbon Footprints found?
A. In large organizations
B. At gas stations and where fossil fuels are utilized
C. In homes and restaurants
D. Wherever greenhouse gasses are emitted
24. The term "per capita" as used in (paragraph 3) de-
A. The size of a nation
B. Each person
C. Energy consumption
D. The levels of emission
25. Why is it necessary to measure your Carbon Footprint?
A. To understand the extent to which each person im-
pacts the environment.
B. To identify the countries which are causing most
harm to the environment
C. To determine the best possible way to reduce our
D. To preserve the environment from future destruc-
26. Who should take ownership for the problem of green-
A. Countries around the world
B. Industries and Organizations worldwide
C. Car and appliance manufacturers
D. Every individual
27. Apart from the impact of these emissions on the envi-
ronment, are there any other implications?
i. Future costs associated with fixing the prob-
ii. Reversing the damage caused by the emis-
iii. Getting nations to take responsibility for their
iv. The health of nations
B. II and III only
C. I, III and IV only
D. I, II, III, and IV
28. What is the first step required to reduce carbon emis-
A. Monitor fuel and energy consumption
B. Acknowledging a problem exists
C. Start a conversation in your homes and communi-
ties about the dangers of gas emissions
D. Eliminate the use of fossil fuels
29. How can individuals become more involved in reducing
the global carbon footprint?
A. Use energy efficient appliances
B. Educate others about the benefits of recycling and
C. Monitor consumption
D. Avoid wastage and reduce consumption
30. The MAIN intention of this article is
A. To promote greater efficiency
B. To propose various methods for reducing carbon
C. To educate the reader about the effects of green-
house gasses, its measurement, consumption and
D. To assist the reader in making immediate lifestyle
WATCH WHERE YOU STEP: UNDERSTANDING YOUR CARBON FOOTPRINT
While making visits to national parks or forest reserves, you'll often be told to leave nothing but footprints. This is always
a good policy in these types of situations. However, we often forget, or simply do not know that wherever we go, we
actually leave two sets of footprints. Your physical footprint is, for the most part, a harmless indentation left behind wher-
ever you step. Your other footprint is what is known as your carbon footprint, essentially the level of greenhouse gases
your lifestyle and activity emit into the environment. We would like to help you understand not only what your carbon
footprint is, but also how to measure it and identify some simple ways to reduce it and to save energy.
Your Carbon Footprint: What Is It?
By definition, a carbon footprint is the total set of greenhouse gas emissions caused by an organization, event, product, or
person. This means that if you live a lifestyle that requires the use of a greater amount of energy and fossil fuels that form
greenhouse gases through combustion, the larger your impact on the environment and your carbon footprint will be. Often
people consider their carbon footprint to be the result of their immediate use of fossil fuels and energy usage, like cooking
with natural gas or using petroleum to run their automobile. However, your carbon footprint consists of many activities
that can be far less obvious. This may include the fossil fuels used to transport the food that you buy at your local grocery
store, or the energy used to dispose of the waste produced in your household. All this comes into account when trying to
make an accurate estimate of what impact is left behind by your daily activities and choices.
How to Measure Your Carbon Footprint?
Perhaps not surprisingly, the U.S. has one of the largest carbon footprints in the world, ranking #2 in total emissions (other
countries near the top include China #1, India #3, Russia #4 and Japan #5) but #1 in emissions per capita. Since this much
larger footprint is made up of many much smaller individual footprints, it is important to understand your contribution
and responsibility to the greater whole. Individually, the average American produces 9.44 tons of carbon dioxide on their
own each year! Did this surprise you? The link below will help you to calculate the size of the carbon footprint of your
How to Reduce Your Greenhouse Gas Emissions?
Taking small steps to reduce your carbon footprint and saving energy is actually fairly simple. Here is a list of some easy
things that you can do to live a more environmentally healthy lifestyle.
- Limit Consumption of Bottled Water. The production, consumption and disposal of bottled water leaves a rather sig-
nificant carbon footprint. It requires the combustion of fossil fuels to make the bottle, transport it, and dispose of it if
it's not recycled. In-house filtration systems can reduce your impact and cost for water.
- Unplug Appliances That Are Not Frequently In Use. Most of these items have a standby mode that wastes energy
even when they're not in use. Unplugging is the best way to ensure that unnecessary energy is not lost. With a pow-
erstrip, you can even switch off more than one appliance at once.
- Use Cold Water. No, I'm not suggesting that you start taking cold showers. Using colder water to wash clothes that
do not require a hot water wash is a great way to reduce your carbon footprint. While washers already require a lot
of energy to run, it takes even more to heat the water. Using cold water whenever possible can make a big difference
and will increase your energy saving.
- Recycle And Reuse. Recycling uses a lot less energy since it is reducing the greenhouse gas emissions that would
come out of creating a completely new product.
- Upgrade The Energy Efficiency Of Your Home. New energy efficient light bulbs, filters, and appliances could have a
massive impact in reducing your carbon footprint. Less energy used means less greenhouse gas emissions. Even just
maintaining and taking care of the appliances and products you already own can ensure a smaller footprint without
spending a lot of money. You can measure the energy efficiency of your home and your potential energy savings at
With easy steps like these, you are on your way to increasing your energy savings and reducing the size of the carbon
footprint left behind. We all have a role in trying to shrink the adverse impact we have on the environment, not only as an
individual, but also as a member of a household, as a citizen of a country, and as an inhabitant of planet earth.
Article by Energyresults
Article Source: http://www.articlecity.com/articles/environment_and_going_green/article_1150.shtml
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