Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : December 22nd 2015 Contents A26
body & soul
Guardian www.guardian.co.tt Tuesday, December 22, 2015
Two year olds are adept at using touch screens,
and can swipe, unlock, and actively search for fea-
tures on smartphones and tablets, finds a small
study published online in the Archives of Disease
This level of interactivity is akin to play, say the
researchers, who suggest that the technology might
have a potential role in childhood developmental
assessment. They base their findings on 82 ques-
tionnaires on touch screen access and use, completed
by the parents of children aged between 12 months
and three years.
Parents were asked how long their child used touch
screens each day, and whether she/he was able to
unlock the screen, swipe through pages or images,
and recognise and interact with specific features such
as app icons for games.
The parents were also asked if they had downloaded
any games or apps specifically for their child s use.
The age of their toddlers ranged from 20 to 30 months,
and just over half (57 per cent) were boys.
Most of the parents (82 per cent, 67) said they
owned a touch screen device such as a smartphone
or tablet. Of these, most (87 per cent, 58) gave their
child the device to play with for an average of 15
minutes a day, and nearly two thirds (62 per cent)
said they had downloaded apps for their child to use.
Nine out of ten (91 per cent) parents who owned
a touch screen device said their child was able to
swipe; half (50 per cent) said their child was able to
unlock the screen, and nearly two thirds (64 per cent)
felt their child actively searched for touch screen fea-
The average age of the toddlers with the ability to
perform these three skills was 24 months, while the
average age for identifying and using specific touch
screen features was 25 months---almost three out of
four (72 per cent) parents felt their child was able
to do this.
Overall, one in three of the toddlers could perform
all four skills by the average of 29 months, and children
as young as 12 months regularly used touch screens.
In 1999 the American Academy of Pediatrics rec-
ommended that screen time be discouraged in children
under the age of two, on the grounds that it risked
exposure to unsuitable material and the displacement
of other developmentally important interactions and
Two-year-olds adept at using
touch screen technology
Almost three quarters of the weekend emergency
care caseload is linked to excess alcohol intake,
finds an activity analysis of one large inner city
hospital in England, and published online in Emer-
gency Medicine Journal.
Each case costs between £250 and £850 to treat,
or £1 million every year, the analysis shows, indicating
substantial costs for urban emergency care depart-
ments across the UK faced with similar demand, say
They reviewed the case notes of attendees requiring
treatment associated with excess alcohol at one large
inner city A&E department in the north east of Eng-
land, over a period of four separate weeks in February
to March, July, October and December during 2010-
11. They also tracked additional episodes of related
care over the subsequent 12 months.
The team carried out breath testing of A&E atten-
dees during the same four weeks in 2012-13 to find
out who had been drinking. Some 12 per cent (636)
of the 5121 A&E attendances over the four weeks of
2010-11 were linked to alcohol; in 2012-13, this figure
had risen to 15 per cent (720 out of 6526 attendances).
In 2012-13, the alcohol related attendance rate dur-
ing the specified four weeks varied substantially from
four per cent to 60 per cent on week days, but rose
to 70 per cent at weekends.
Attendance patterns were similar over both time-
frames, with young men aged between 18 and 24,
pitching up in the early hours of the morning, making
up the bulk of the weekend caseload. (BMJ)
In UK, weekend
linked to booze
Two-year-olds can use touch screens, and can swipe, unlock, and actively search
for features on smartphones and tablets, finds a recent study.
YOUR DAILY HEALTH
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