Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : December 31st 2015 Contents A28
body & soul
Guardian www.guardian.co.tt Thursday, December 31, 2015
Better be ready
Are you ready for a
Source: The T&T Red Cross Society
Contact the Red Cross: Headquarters - 627-8215/8128, Northern branch - 627-8214, Southern branch - 652-2024, Tobago branch - 639-2781
Natural disasters can strike anytime, anywhere.
There are simple steps you can take to help
protect your family from a natural disaster.
Call your Emergency Management Office and the
Red Cross for further details.
Find out which disasters could occur in your area
and how to prepare.
Ask how you would be warned of an emergency.
Learn your communities' evacuation routes.
Ask where your nearest emergency shelters are
Ask about any special assistance for the elderly or
Ask about the plans in place at work, schools or
day care centres as well.
Create an Emergency Plan:
Meet with household members. Discuss with chil-
dren the dangers of fire, severe weather, earth-
quakes and other emergencies.
Discuss how to respond to each disaster that
Draw a floor plan of your home. Mark two escape
routes from each room. Practise an emergency
evacuation drill at least two times a year.
Learn how to turn off your water, gas and electric-
ity at the main switches.
Discuss what to do about power outages and per-
Post emergency numbers near telephones:
ODPM (Trinidad) - 640-1285/8905/8653/
800-ODPM website: odpm.gov.tt
ODPM (Tobago) - 660-7489/7686
Police - 999
Fire Services - 990
Coast Guard - 634-4440/4532/4554
Defence Force - 634-4532
Ambulance Service (EHS) - 624-4343
EMA - 628-8042
T&TEC - 625-1296/1774
TSTT - 6611
National Gas - 800-4427
Nearest health facility
Teach children how and when to call 999, Police and
Fire Services and how to make long distance calls.
Instruct household members to turn to the radio
for emergency information.
Pick one out-of-the-area-relative and one local
friend or relative for family members to call or
meet at if separated by a disaster.
Take a basic First Aid course and CPR class.
Make a list of valuables. Keep family records in a
waterproof and fireproof container.
Prepare a disaster supply list:
- Plastic sheeting and duct tape
- Canned goods, non-perishable foods and a
non-electric can opener
- Drinking water
- Any special dietary food if required
- Identification, cash, valuable papers,
insurance policies and photos
- Battery-operated radio with extra batteries
- Personal hygiene items
- Disposable utensils
- Infant-care items
- Flashlight and extra batteries
- Easy carrying container (bag) for all items.
Prepare a First Aid Kit:
- Prescription medications, betadine solu-
tion, gauze bandages, adhesive tape, sterile
pads, band aids, triangular bandages, safety
scissors, non-prescription medication, sun
screen, insect repellent, non-latex gloves,
absorbent compress 5x9 dressing, adhesive
bandages (assorted sizes), antiseptic wipes,
antibiotic ointment packets, etc.
Prepare an Emergency Car Kit:
Battery powered radio (with extra batteries),
flashlight (with extra batteries), sleeping
bags or blankets, first-aid kit and manual,
bottled water, non-perishable high energy
foods such as granola bars, raisins and
peanut butter, booster cables, a fire extin-
guisher, maps, shovel, tyre repair kit and
pump and flares.
T&T Red Cross Society
Data from company Eli Lilly suggested the drug Solanezumab can cut the rate of
the dementia's progression by about a third. This could be great news for early
stage Alzheimer patients.
Babies from frozen tissue
A woman in Belgium was the first in the world to
give birth to a baby using ovarian tissue frozen when
she was still a child.
The 27-year-old had an ovary removed when she
was 13 before invasive treatment for sickle cell anaemia
that would affect her fertility. Her remaining ovary
failed following the treatment.
Ten years later, she decided she wanted to have a
baby, so doctors grafted four of her thawed ovarian
fragments onto her remaining ovary and 11 fragments
onto other sites in her body. She gave birth to a baby
boy. Men normally freeze their sperm before similar
treatment, but the hope is similar techniques will work
in pre-pubescent boys who have not yet started pro-
US surgeons carried out the world s most extensive
face transplant to date in August, including the entire
scalp, ears and eyelids. It took 26-hours of surgery to
give injured volunteer firefighter Patrick Hardison, aged
41, a new face.
Hardison, who was injured in a house fire as he
attempted to rescue a woman he believed was trapped
in the blaze, had third degree burns of his entire face
and scalp. He waited more than a year on a donor
register for a perfect match--- not only blood type but
someone with fair skin and light hair. He will soon have
more operations to remove some of the loose skin
around his eyes and lips. The donor was a 26-year-
old, David Rodebaugh, who was fatally injured in a
Meanwhile a man in Texas had the world s first skull
and scalp transplant.
New dementia drug
The first details of how a drug could slow the pace
of brain decline for patients with early stage Alzheimer s
disease emerged this year. Data from pharmaceutical
company Eli Lilly suggested solanezumab can cut the
rate of the dementia s progression by about a third.
The death of brain cells in Alzheimer s is currently
unstoppable. Solanezumab may be able to keep them
alive by attacking the deformed proteins, called amyloid,
that build up in the brain during Alzheimer s.
Brain barrier breached
For the first time, doctors breached the human brain s
protective layer to deliver cancer-fighting drugs. The
barrier normally prevents infections and toxins from
affecting the central nervous system.
The Canadian team used tiny gas-filled bubbles,
injected into the bloodstream of a patient, to punch
temporary holes in the barrier. A beam of focused ultra-
sound waves applied to the skull made the bubbles
vibrate and push their way through, along with
chemotherapy drugs. The technique could be useful in
cancer, dementia and Parkinson s disease, but more
safety studies are still needed.
Other health discoveries in 2015:
A few other stories managed to catch the headlines
• The world s first successful penis transplant has
been reported by a surgical team in South Africa. And
it works! The recipient s partner is now pregnant.
• Young children who have a pet dog in the home
are less likely to go on to develop asthma, a large Swedish
study has found.
• Scientists at the University of Oregon discovered
that everyone is surrounded by a unique "cloud" of
millions of their own bacteria.
• Elephants have enhanced defences against cancer
that can prevent tumours forming.
• A man has died with tumours made of cancerous
parasitic worm tissue growing in his organs. But some
species of parasitic worm increases the fertility of
women, say scientists.
• The way the body can track the passing of the
seasons in a "chemical calendar" has been discovered
• All men should bank their sperm at the age of 18
because of the risks of being an older father, according
to one bioethicist.
• Ancient DNA records show that plague has been
a scourge on humanity for far longer than previously
• Scientists say they have developed a way of testing
how well, or badly, your body is ageing. (www.bbc.com)
Health breakthroughs of 2015
(Part 2---concluded from yesterday)
YOUR DAILY HEALTH
News and Advice
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