Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : January 4th 2016 Contents Guardian www.guardian.co.tt Monday, January 4, 2016
21. What makes "Bloodhounds" particularly useful to the
A. Their resilience
B. Their fierce demeanour
C. Their scenting ability
D. Their attention to detail
22. Which breed of dog is best suited to service?
B. German Sheppard
D. Different breeds including mixed breeds are used
23. When you are approaching a service dog what should
A. Allow the dog to sniff and become acquainted with
B. Walk a few paces away from the dog and his
C. Walk abreast of the dog so that you are in line
with his vision.
D. Gently pat him on his head when it is safe to do so.
24. The dog's training allows him to
A. safeguard himself and his owner
B. make wise choices
C. to assess traffic conditions, proceed when it is safe
Continued on the next page
and act on command
D. to assess possible risk to the owner
25. Dogs that aid the hearing impaired are taught to
A. Noises familiar to the owner
B. All noises
C. Distant noises
D. Common noises identified by the applicant
26. The term "rigorous temperament test" suggests?
A. The dogs endure intense behavioural testing to de-
B. The dogs undergoes strict medical test to deter-
C. The dogs are subject to constant assessment.
D. The dogs are carefully scrutinized to determine
whether they have the capacity for training.
27. The placement of a service dog is contingent on which
of the following factors?
I. The dog and owner must be compatible
II. The dog must undergo the requisite training
III. The dog must satisfy rigorous test to determine suitability
IV. The dog must meet certain weight specifications
A. I, III
B. II, III
28. In the writer's view the most important task per-
formed by the dog benefits which group of people?
A. The lonely, the elderly and persons with no one to
B. The elderly and children
C. Children, Elderly and disadvantaged persons
D. Psychiatric and geriatric patients
29. Service and Therapy Dogs, are they classified the
A. Service dogs are trained to fulfil specific needs of
B. Therapy dogs provide assistance to the disable
and visit hospitals.
C. The training which both dogs undergo is specific
to the patients needs.
D. Both are regarded as service dogs.
30. Does a reward scheme exist for the training of all
A. Yes, but the reward is based on performance.
B. No, working dogs not rewarded.
Guide Dogs for the Blind
There are now so many guide dogs in the world that there is
not an official record of how many are working with the blind
and visually impaired today. Since there is not 1 registry that
places all of them and each registry works independently, one
can only guess that the number is in the 10's of thousands.
The largest program in the world that trains and then places
guide dogs with humans is the Seeing Eye which is located in
Morristown New Jersey. Each year they place roughly 1800
While the service dogs in this area can be trained to do many
different tasks, the common elements that just about all learn
• To walk in a straight line unless there is an obstacle, go
around that obstacle and then continue on in the straight
• Never to turn a corner unless commanded to do so.
• Always stop at each curb on a street and wait until their
human partner gives a command to either cross or turn
right or left. It is important to note that the dogs are
trained to take traffic into consideration and will only pro-
ceed with a command when it does not put the human into
• To judge height and width of doorways, openings, etc in
order to know if their partner can pass through without dif-
There are so many different dog breeds of all different sizes,
including small breeds, who are taught to guide the blind...and
one of the reasons is so that each dog literally fits with the per-
son whom they will be guiding...height and length of stride is
vital for a good match.
An interesting piece of information about service dogs is that
once the dog is fully trained, he and his or her new owner then
spend up to 4 weeks together for additional training that fo-
cusing on the 2 of them working as a team. Only once they
qualify together will the dog be awarded with a special harness
to mark the occasion and allowed to go to his or her new home.
Perhaps the best known worker dogs are sheepdogs and guide
dogs for the blind. However, there are also many hearing dogs
whose job it is to help the deaf. A hearing dog is taught to re-
spond to the sounds chosen by the individual applicant...such
as responding to a knock on the door, the whistle of a kettle or
the ring of a telephone or alarm clock. The happenings that
would go undetected by the deaf person were it not for the
help of their dog in drawing attention to them.
Hearing dogs are trained to alert people to household noises
that are necessary for safety and for a person to live independ-
ently. They are trained to make physical contact with their
owner and then, if needed, to lead the person to the source of
the sound. By providing awareness and a great deal of com-
panionship, these wonderful dogs enhance a person's life and
allow a person to have freedom and independence.
They are of great aid, not just in the home but do amazing
things in public as well. The most important task of a hearing
dog, in public, is to increase awareness of his or her environ-
ment. When the hearing dog turns to look at something...
whether this be a siren or a honking horn of a car, it causes the
owners to notice and see what is happening.
How Hearing Dogs are Trained
The training of this special type of service dog usually takes
anywhere from 4 to 7 months. During this time the dog's tem-
perament will be evaluated, they will go through intensive obe-
dience, socializing and sound training. While many pets are
given treats to encourage learning, hearing dogs are taught to
work for either toys or simply affection.
Hearing dogs are trained to respond to common sounds that
occur in the home or outside environment. This includes fire
alarms, smoke alarms, the ring of a telephone, the sound of an
incoming text on a cell phone, oven timers, doorbells, and
knocks on the door, alarm clocks and when it is needed, other
sounds such as the cry of a baby who has woken from a nap.
Once a hearing dog is placed with their new owner, they will
most often become aware of additional sounds that apply
specifically to their new environment. This can include the beep
of a microware, the alert noise that a washer's load is done, etc.
The limitations of a hearing dog are if a noise only is heard very
randomly and very inconsistently... for example, he or she may
not react to the buzzing noise of the emergency broadcast sys-
tem alert on the television, since it does not happen often.
In most cases, a trainer will bring a certain dog to a new owner
in order to provide some one-on-one training to help the dog
get settled and to go over any questions that may arise. In
many cases, this can last from 3 to 6 days...and reputable com-
panies will have the standing offer of providing lifelong follow-
Interesting Training Note: Work must always be interrupted
by a dog as play. When a sniffer dog is being trained, his reward
is to retrieve. When a young dog retrieves a package of illegal
drugs, he will be allowed to have a game with the package, but
that will be the only game he is allowed when he is working. A
dog's instincts are channelled into retrieving a particular scent...
The dog gets every individual scent and breaks it down in its
mind until it finds the one that it knows that his or her master
desires...The dog builds up a "scent picture". Every picture given
to him or her includes the particular narcotic or explosive that
the dog has been trained to find as a common denominator.
How to React if You See a Service Dog
While many service dogs are adorable and you may be in-
trigued by their working vest and the implied intelligence that
goes along with that, there are rules that everyone should fol-
low for the sake of both dog and owner...
the owner and no one else.
• Try to not walk alongside the dog's left side...this can be
distracting to him or her.
• Try to not walk in sync together on the owner's right side...
it is best to stay a few paces behind.
• If you feel that the owner may need some assistance, al-
ways ask first and then offer your left arm to them.
• Never give a snack or treat to a service dog.
• Only touch or pat the dog if the owner has given permission
to do so...And if this is the case it is best to give a gentle
pat on the head.
Other Types of Service Dogs
There are assistance dogs for the disabled also trained to an-
swer their needs, and Pro-Dogs Active Therapy Dogs which,
with their owners, visit hospitals or nursing homes to brighten
the lives of people who may no longer be able to keep a dog of
their own. Dogs are always needs in the Pro-Dogs Active team,
but first they must pass a rigorous temperament test...Some
top show dogs are on the register, as well as many crossbreeds
and many mixed dogs. Indeed it has been proved that the mere
act of stroking a dog can help to reduce a patient's blood pres-
Interesting Note: In 1916, a doctor who was in charge of a clinic
for the war wounded in Germany was walking a blind man on
the grounds of the hospital when he was momentarily called
away. He left his German Shepherd in charge of the patient
and on his return, he was so impressed with the way that his
dog had behaved that he vowed to begin training dogs to be
guides for the blind...and that is how it all began!
An important aspect of service dog information is that the
presence of these animals is being increasingly recognized as
therapy and canines are finding their way, as residents, into a
growing number of psychiatric and geriatric hospitals and hos-
pices. While dogs can be taught to pull carts that are loaded
with items that one buys, or in some countries even draw milk
from a churn, perhaps the most important task of all is as a
companion to the lonely and the elderly... those people who
would have no one to relate to were it not for their loyal and
loving friend, the dog.
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