Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : January 4th 2016 Contents Guardian www.guardian.co.tt Monday, January 4, 2016
I WANDERED LONELY AS A CLOUD
I wandered lonely as a cloud
That floats on high o'er vales and hills,
When all at once I saw a crowd,
A host, of golden daffodils;
Beside the lake, beneath the trees,
Fluttering and dancing in the breeze.
Continuous as the stars that shine
And twinkle on the milky way,
They stretched in never-ending line
Along the margin of a bay:
Ten thousand saw I at a glance,
Tossing their heads in sprightly dance. 12
The waves beside them danced, but they
Out-did the sparkling leaves in glee;
A poet could not be but gay,
In such a jocund company!
I gazed---and gazed---but little thought
What wealth the show to me had brought: 18
For oft, when on my couch I lie
In vacant or in pensive mood,
They flash upon that inward eye
Which is the bliss of solitude;
And then my heart with pleasure fills,
And dances with the daffodils.
By William Wordsworth
40. What is the MAIN point in (paragraph 1)?
A. Mercury, Venus, Mars and Earth are all rocky planets.
B. Granite is the most beautiful rock.
C. Basalt which is present on the Earth's Floor can also
be found on Mercury, Venus and Mars.
D. Granite is the signature rock found on the Earth.
41. Where does granite get its hue?
A. Quartz and feldspar
B. Clay and sand
C. Volcanic ash
D. Accessory minerals
42. How is amateur granite different from real granite?
A. Real granite consists of plagioclase feldspar.
B. The composition is the same however there is a vari-
ation is in the grade.
C. Real granite has specific quantities of quartz and
D. Amateur granite is light-colored, coarse-grained rock
with a random arrangement of minerals.
43. Continental rocks melt when
A. The earth's crust begins to form
B. Water and/or carbon dioxide are added
C. Different rock formations collide
D. Lava erupts on the earth
and 60 percent and a feldspar content in which alkali feldspar
rather than plagioclase feldspar predominates.
Stone dealers have a third set of criteria for granite. Granite is a
strong stone because its mineral grains have grown tightly to-
gether during a very slow cooling period. And the quartz and
feldspar that compose it are harder than steel. This makes gran-
ite desirable for buildings and for ornamental purposes such as
gravestones. Granite takes a good polish and resists weathering
and acid rain. But stone dealers use "granite" to refer to any rock
with big grains and hard minerals. So many types of commercial
granite seen in buildings and showrooms don't match the geol-
ogist's definition. Black gabbro or dark-green peridotite, or
streaky gneiss, which even amateurs would never call "granite"
in the field, still qualify as commercial granite in a countertop or
How Granite Forms
Granite is found in large plutons on the continents, in areas where
the Earth's crust has been deeply eroded. This makes sense, be-
cause granite must solidify very slowly at deeply buried locations
to make such large mineral grains. Plutons smaller than 100
square kilometers in area are called stocks, and larger ones are
Lavas erupt all over the Earth, but lava with the same composi-
tion as granite (rhyolite) only erupts on the continents. That
means that granite must form by the melting of continental
rocks. That happens for two reasons: adding heat and adding
volatiles (water or carbon dioxide or both).
Continents are relatively hot because they contain most of the
planet's uranium and potassium, which heat up their surround-
ings through radioactive decay. Anywhere that the crust is thick-
ened tends to get hot inside (for instance in the Tibetan Plateau).
And the processes of plate tectonics, mainly subduction, can
cause basaltic magmas to rise underneath the continents. In ad-
dition to heat, these magmas release CO2 and water, which helps
rocks of all kinds melt at lower temperatures. It is thought that
large amounts of basaltic magma can be plastered to the bottom
of a continent in a process called underplating. With the slow re-
lease of heat and fluids from that basalt, a large amount of con-
tinental crust could turn to granite at the same time.
On the grandest scale, granite represents the way the continents
maintain themselves. The minerals in granitic rocks break down
into clay and sand and are carried to the sea. Plate tectonics re-
turns these materials through seafloor spreading and subduc-
tion, sweeping them beneath the edges of the continents. There
they are rendered back into feldspar and quartz, ready to rise
again to form new granite when and where the conditions are
(Source Geology.about.com) (Edited)
44. What are sedimentary rocks?
A. Rocks that erupt along the earth's surface.
B. Rocks that form under the surface of the sea
C. Rocks with a course random arrangement
D. Rocks that have been formed form residue
45. Which of the following characteristics is NOT unique
A. Its lava only erupts on the continent.
B. It has the same composition as granite.
C. It erupts all over the earth.
D. It is formed when continental rocks melt
46. Plate tectonics is the process by which granite
47. The minerals in granitic rocks are comprised of?
B. clay and sand
D. rock formations below the surface of the sea
48. In the writer's view the MOST prominent feature of
A. Its production allows continents to maintain
B. Granite takes polishing and is weather resistant
C. The random arrangement of minerals
D. Granite is harder than steel
DIRECTION: Read the poem carefully before attempting
the questions. Each question has four options, select the
most appropriate answer, based on what is implied or stated
in the poem.
49. How does the poet describe himself in (stanza 1?)
B. As a daffodil
C. As a breeze
D. As a cloud
50. Where was the "cloud" when he saw a crowd?
A. Beside the lake
B. Dancing in the breeze
C. Floating over vales and hills
D. Underneath the trees
51. The poet speaks of "a host of golden daffodils," in
(line 4), how would you classify this expression?
52. Identify the figurative device used in (line 11) which
reads, "Ten thousand saw I at a glance."
53. The poem appeals mostly to the sense of
54. In (line 12) "Tossing their heads in sprightly dance"
is an example of what figurative device?
55. Which of the following words is NEAREST in mean-
ing to "jocund"?
56. In whose presence was the poet when he said, "A
poet could not be but gay, in such a jocund com-
pany" (lines 15 - 16)?
A. The reader
B. The clouds
C. The daffodils
D. The ocean
57. What does the poet do when he is in a pensive
A. He lies on his couch
B. He reflects on the beauty of the daffodils
C. He begins to dream
D. He sits in solitude
58. What words does the poet use to describe his expe-
rience with the daffodils?
A. The Bliss of solitude
B. Tossing their heads in sprightly dance
C. And twinkle on the milky way
D. In vacant or in pensive mood
59. In his writings the poet references "that inward
eye," to what does he refer?
A. The cornea of his eye
B. A photographer's lens
C. His imagination
D. The milky way
60. The manner in which the poem is written can BEST
be described as?
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