Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : January 10th 2015 Contents A29
• Twitter: @GuardianTT • Web: guardian.co.tt
Sri Lanka s government yesterday
began the process of drawing up a new
constitution for the country aimed at
eliminating causes that led to a quar-
ter-century civil war.
Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe
proposed that Parliament be converted
into a constituent assembly that will dis-
cuss and draft the new constitution.
President Maithripala Sirisena, speak-
ing in Parliament, said constitutions
since Sri Lanka s independence from
Britain in 1948 have not focused on uni-
fying different ethnic communities.
Objections from the majority ethnic Sin-
hala community to power sharing deals
with minority ethnic Tamils in the early
years led to terrorism and war, he said.
Sri Lankan troops in 2009 defeated
the Tamil Tiger rebels, who were fighting
to create an independent state for the
country s minority ethnic Tamils.
According to a United Nations report,
at least 40,000 Tamil civilians may have
been killed in just the final months of
the civil war.
The Sri Lankan government has prom-
ised the UN human rights council that
it will investigate alleged war crime alle-
gations against government troops and
Tamil Tiger rebels. (AP)
Sri Lanka drawing up new constitution
An inactive Hellfire missile sent to Europe for train-
ing was inadvertently shipped to Cuba, where it has
remained since 2014, sources familiar with the matter
Hellfires are air-to-ground missiles typically fired
from helicopters. Although initially designed as anti-
tank weapons, they are often modernised and cur-
rently deployed from drones in anti-terrorism
The missile wrongly sent to Cuba is a "dummy mis-
sile" used in exercises. Sources said that it contained
an incomplete guidance section and was not fitted
with a warhead, fusing system rocket monitor or op-
erational seeker---all components needed to success-
fully hit a target.
But while it was not operational, the missile still
contained sensitive American weapons technology,
such as targeting and sensor information, that US of-
ficials said would be concerning if it fell into the hands
"This is an issue that the administration takes very,
very seriously. I think for quite obvious reasons,"
White House spokesman Josh Earnest said Friday
when asked about the issue.
Sources said the US has been trying for more than
a year to get the Cuban government to return the
missile. The delay could have been complicated by the
attention paid to the historic thaw between the US
and Cuba last December, followed by the restoring of
ties and opening of embassies in Washington and Ha-
The sources said the Department of Homeland Se-
curity is investigating to make sure the missile was
not intentionally sent off course as part of an espi-
onage or criminal operation, rather than just an acci-
dental misrouting of the shipment. The Department
of Justice, however, has the lead in the investigation.
Missing US missile
shows up in Cuba
Tensions remained high on the fortified border di-
viding North and South Korea as the resumption of
propaganda broadcasts prompted Pyongyang to
raise the risk of war, overshadowing diplomatic ef-
forts to respond to North Korea's surprise nuclear
South Korea turned on the powerful loudspeakers
on Friday in retaliation for the nuclear test conducted
on Wednesday. The South Korean military also forti-
fied its positions near the huge banks of loudspeak-
ers that can broadcast miles into North Korea. The
broadcasts risk pushing the two sides "toward the
brink of war," North Korean Workers' Party Secretary
Kim Ki Nam said at a rally in Pyongyang.
Threats of war are routinely issued by North
Korea. Still, the Kim Jong Un regime has become par-
ticularly belligerent over the broadcasts that offer
troops and civilians near the border a rare glimpse of
the contrasting realities between the two Koreas.
Tensions are spiking as South Korea and the US seek
to build international support to punish Pyongyang
for the test. The success of that effort may hinge on
how willing China is to try to bring its unruly ally to
N Korea raises threat of war
German Chancellor Angela
Merkel has proposed changes
to make it easier to deport asy-
lum-seekers who commit
crimes, after the New Year s
Eve sex attacks on women in
The attacks have called into
question her open-door migrant
The police s handling of the
events has also been sharply
Later, there were clashes at
an anti-immigrant protest in
Cologne. Police used water can-
non and pepper spray to disperse
protesters from the right-wing
anti-immigrant Pegida move-
ment as violence flared after a
rally which heard condemnation
of Merkel s policies.
Reports say bottles and fire-
crackers were hurled at police
Yesterday also saw protests
by feminist groups over violence
against women in the city, and
a left-wing anti-Pegida count-
Merkel, speaking after a meet-
ing of her Christian Democrat
party leadership in Mainz, pro-
posed tightening the law on
denying the right of asylum for
those who have committed
Under the new plans, those
on probation could be deported
"When crimes are committed,
and people place themselves
outside the law... there must be
consequences," she said.
Under current German laws,
asylum seekers are only forcibly
sent back if they have been sen-
tenced to at least three years
imprisonment, and providing
their lives are not at risk in their
countries of origin.
The move, which will still
need parliamentary approval,
follows the New Year s Eve
attacks, which sparked outrage
in Germany. (BBC)
tougher migrant laws
German Chancellor and
chairwoman of the
Party, Angela Merkel.
Mexican drug lord Joaquin "El
Chapo" Guzman has been recaptured
and sent back to the maximum-security
prison he escaped from six months ago.
He was paraded before cameras before
being bundled into a helicopter to Alti-
plano prison in central Mexico.
He escaped from there in July through
a tunnel dug in the showers.
Guzman was arrested on Friday in the
city of Los Mochis in his home state of
Sinaloa---which he had come to dominate
through the drugs cartel he led.
During the early-morning raid, he
managed to flee through a drain but was
later caught by marines in a shoot-out.
Six people, including one marine, are
reported to have been killed. (BBC)
'El Chapo' returned to prison
Mexican drug lord Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman is escorted by army soldiers to a
waiting helicopter, at a federal hangar in Mexico City, last Friday. AP PHOTOS
Here is the story of the poor farmer's son who be-
came one of the world's wealthiest drug lords.
Born in 1957 to a family of farmers, Guzman's first
exposure to drug trafficking came while working in
marijuana and opium poppy fields.
An apprenticeship followed under Guadalajara
cartel boss Miguel Angel Felix Gallardo, also known
as the Godfather. Guzman was tasked with contact-
ing Colombian traffickers.
His rise was swift, setting up his own cartel, the
Sinaloa, in the late 1980s, thought to be responsible
for a quarter of all drugs entering the US via Mexico.
After narrowly escaping assassination in 1993, he
was arrested by Mexican authorities and sentenced
to 20 years in jail.
Guzman's first escape came in 2001, from the
Puente Grande maximum security prison, reportedly
hidden in a laundry basket.
He used his 13 years at large to consolidate his
empire before being arrested in Sinaloa state.
But in July 2015, after less than two years at the
Altiplano prison in central Mexico, he fled again, this
time through a tunnel.
The escape was elaborate, and carefully planned.
Even for a country that produced numerous drug
lords, Guzman has a fearsome reputation for vio-
lence, with his gang's rivalries with others leaving
thousands dead in Mexico's drug war.
But among some in his home state, Guzman is a
folk hero, a popular subject of "narcocorridos"---mu-
sical tributes to drugs barons.
Forbes magazine has estimated Guzman's for-
tune at about $1bn (£0.6bn).
JOAQUIN GUZMAN'S PROFILE
Links Archive January 9th 2015 January 11th 2016 Navigation Previous Page Next Page