Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : February 3rd 2016 Contents A19
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Hillary Clinton has won the Iowa
Democratic caucuses, according to
final results from the Iowa Dem-
She just edged Bernie Sanders in
the total of state delegate equivalents
awarded Monday night.
In the end, Clinton won this year s
Democratic contest by the narrowest
margin in state history, capturing
700.59 state delegate equivalents to
696.82 for Sanders. But the final
result wasn t announced until yes-
terday afternoon, long after the next
day s headlines had been written.
But the narrow win, which follows
a long night in which the two can-
didates remained deadlocked, means
Clinton faces the prospect of an
extended fight for the Democratic
presidential nomination. She may
have to wait until late February for
a realistic chance to put a solid win
in her column. Sanders holds a
strong lead in New Hampshire, the
next state to vote on February 9.
Nevada holds its Democratic cau-
cuses on February 20 and the South
Carolina Democratic primary is a
week later and Clinton could fare
better in those more diverse elec-
torates. Campaigns are fueled by
victories and Clinton s muddled
Iowa showing will leave her sup-
porters, donors and campaign
staffers without bragging rights,
possibly dampening enthusiasm and
further ceding ground to Sanders.
The Iowa results showcased a
Democratic Party with stark demo-
graphic fissures along class, race,
age and ideological lines. While it
appeared that Clinton would wrap
up the nomination quickly, the cau-
cus results suggest the primary bat-
tle will be a long and hard fought
referendum on what the Democratic
Party should be.
Meanwhile, on the Republican
side, Ted Cruz didn t spend much
time savouring his victory over Don-
ald Trump and Marco Rubio.
"We re flying to New Hampshire
and we re gonna work every day to
win the votes of the men and
women of New Hampshire," Cruz
Clinton in razor-thin
victory over Sanders
The former Secretary of State just barely beat
Vermont Senator Bernie Sanders in a key
battle for party nomination, Monday night.
...faces extended fight for nomination
At the Butantan institute in the Brazil-
ian city of Sao Paulo, biochemists were
working on a batch of vaccines for diph-
theria, one of the many established ill-
nesses and diseases that the centre helps
to combat. But now there s a new enemy
in town and it has forced a change of
The warnings and concern over the
Zika virus are not overblown or unjus-
tified, maintains Alexander Precioso, the
institute s director of clinical trials and
"Basically the majority of the popu-
lation is susceptible to the Zika virus, so
we are expecting to have many cases,"
Dr Precioso said.
"That s why vaccine is such an impor-
tant intervention in terms of preventing
But, warns the senior clinician, no-
one should expect a quick resolution to
a public health crisis that is spreading
across the Americas.
"Once we know exactly what the rela-
tionship is between the Zika virus and
microcephaly, we will be in a better sit-
uation to know if a vaccine or a treatment
will be available within a certain period
of time," says Dr Precioso, acknowledging
that the medical and research community
is still very much in the dark.
"We do have the hypothesis that the
relationship (between Zika and micro-
cephaly) is true...but we need to keep
studying to try to establish the relationship
between the virus and the body in order
to have the best vaccine or treatment."
Emphasising the importance of inter-
national co-operation in the race to find
a vaccine, researchers admit it could take
at least ten years to develop and produce.
Easing long-established international
protocols, as was the case when dealing
with the Ebola outbreak in Central Africa,
could reduce that timescale but the out-
look isn t good for immediately easing
the fears of people in affected areas. (BBC)
to find a
North Korea has announced
plans to launch a satellite later
this month, a UN agency says.
The International Maritime
Organization (IMO) says it has
been notified of Pyongyang s
plans to launch a satellite
between 8 and 25 February.
It comes after North Korea
conducted its fourth nuclear
test on January 6, drawing
Critics have called
Pyongyang s last satellite
launch a cover for a test of bal-
listic missile technology.
Last week, US officials said
that North Korea appeared to
be preparing for a rocket
launch, citing increased activity
around the Sohae Satellite
Launching Station, also known
The North last conducted a
long-range rocket launch in
December 2012, successfully
putting into orbit an object
Pyongyang claimed was a
communications satellite with
the three-stage Unha-3 carri-
er.However the UN Security
Council subsequently said that
the launch was "a clear viola-
tion" of resolutions banning
North Korea from missiles
tests, and imposed new sanc-
North Korea has said its
space programme is peaceful,
but it is believed to be devel-
oping an intercontinental bal-
listic missile (ICBM) that could
strike the US. (BBC)
More than 100 people have been
arrested in a crackdown on abuses
in Thailand s multi-billion dollar
seafood industry, officials say.
Last April the European Union
threatened to boycott the industry
unless it tackled illegal fishing and
allegations of human trafficking.
On Monday, police said a taskforce
set up since had investigated 36 cases
and also rescued 130 trafficking vic-
Thailand is the world s third largest
exporter of seafood.
Human rights groups have long
highlighted abuses in the Thai indus-
try, saying it is reliant on illegal fish-
ing practices and overfishing, and
involves trafficked workers from
neighbouring countries who, they
say, work in conditions akin to slav-
ery.Deputy National Police Chief
Thammasak Witcharaya said that in
the 16 months prior to the task force
being set up only 15 cases were inves-
tigated, insisting that the crackdown
He added that nearly all of the
102 suspects arrested were prose-
cuted and 36 sent to prison.
The problems in Thailand s
seafood industry are complex and
will not be solved quickly even with
determined government effort.
There is the challenge of properly
licensing thousands of fishing boats
and reducing the fleet to a more sus-
tainable size, but also of regulating
a fragmented processing industry,
one of the word s biggest, where
endemic labour abuses exist.
The revelation last November that
even a global brand as big as Nestle
had discovered evidence of slave-
like conditions in parts of its Thai
supply chain is an indication of how
deep-rooted the problem is.
Thai seafood industry crackdown sparks arrests
Indian carmaker Tata Motors is to
rename its forthcoming Zica hatchback
after the similarly-named Zika virus
sparked a global health emergency.
Tata Motors said that "as a socially
responsible company," it had decided
to rebrand the vehicle.
The car will go on show at a motor
show in Delhi today under its old
name, but Tata will announce a new
name "after a few weeks".
Tata intended to name its vehicle
Zica, short for Zippy Car, but has now
decided that the name is too close to
that of the virus.
Until now, Tata Motors has been
best known for its budget Nano cars,
although it also owns the Jaguar and
Land Rover brands.
The new Zica car, promoted with an
advertising campaign starring
Argentine footballer Lionel Messi, was
seen as Tata's attempt to take its
brand upmarket. (BBC)
Tata to rename Zica car over virus woes
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