Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : February 28th 2016 Contents Deborah Jean-Baptiste-Samuel
B April 1616 - 2016
A celebration of Shakespeare on April 23-26, 2016
Deborah Jean-Baptiste-Samuel announces the pres-
entation of Shakespeare -- Bard like that! on April 23,
2016, the mark of 400 years since the passing of
William Shakespeare. The Oratory Foundation cele-
brates this significant landmark with a flow of per-
formance from plays, poetry, pomp of fashion,
together with an active Shakespeare exhibition.
The Oratory Foundation has embraced the mandate
to keep Shakespeare alive in the hearts and minds of
students. Toward this end, The Oratory Foundation
has staged seven of Shakespeare's plays to date,
namely Macbeth, King Lear, The Merchant of Venice,
A Midsummer Night's Dream, Othello, Julius Caesar
and Twelfth Night. In addition, The Oratory
Foundation has delivered shows on Shakespearean poetry and fashion. Over
the past 20 years of its existence, The Oratory Foundation has presented
Shakespeare at Naparima Bowl San Fernando and has even staged Caribbean
interpretations of the work of the playwright. Later this year, 2016, Deborah
Jean-Baptiste-Samuel will present Shakespeare's The Tempest. The cast is
eager and ready, join us as we salute Shakespeare the bard.
www.guardian.co.tt SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 28, 2016
with Clevon Raphael
Citizens have to brace themselves
for any possible increase in water
and electricity rates.
Stressing that the population
must exercise reasonableness, Dr
Ann-Marie Mohammed, head of the
Department of Economics at the St
Augustine Campus of the
University of the West Indies, said
consumers wasted those
If the people do not foot this bill,
there is only so much the
Government can do by way of
subsidies. She spoke in the context
of the regulatory framework of the
country's economy (at her office at
the St Augustine Campus of the
University of the West Indies, last
Dr Mohammed, to the
average Trinbagonian, regu-
lations seem to be such a
mundane matter but how
important is this factor in the general
scheme of things?
Well, regulations are very
important in terms...let s talk
about say, electricity. If you
had no regulation in this area
it would have been "let the market
forces determine its cost to consumers,
household and commercial." Certainly
the man in Toco or the man in Cedros
would not be able to get electricity.
You could imagine what the infra-
structure would have cost to get a sup-
ply to that gentleman? The next thing
you have to look at is regulations and
the public good...the mere definition
of a "public good" is a good that you
must have inclusion without exclusion
meaning that all citizens must be able
to utilise the service, period.
Dr Mohammed, you are a former
chairman of the Regulated Industries
Commission (RIC) which succeeded
the Public Utilities Commission...?
Yes, and they are really the watchdog
looking on to make sure there are no
unfair trade practices with pricing the
ingredients in a particular good. You
also have a Fair Trade Commission
(FTC) which has been in office for more
than a year.
The FTC is really looking at how
trade practice takes place in the coun-
try. If you have any unfair practice, if
you have things like price fixing, col-
lusion...right now they are at the stage
of doing a lot of outreach exercises with
relevant stakeholders and are doing
Dr Mohammed, so in a real and
practical sense, is there a link between
regulations and a regulator in terms
of the national economy?
There must be because without reg-
ulations economic agents will do what-
ever they wish and however they please
to do so.
You could have exorbitant prices
being pushed down the throats of con-
sumers, you could have substandard
service because there is nobody looking
on. And remember, when you don t
have watchdogs that s when you have
problems. Even a simple thing like
crime, well, crime is not so simple in
this country and abroad today, but...
Wait, with crime and all, do you
need a regulator or regulations?
Yes. (Eyes wide open) When you
don t have a police presence then you
are more likely to have hot spots where
criminals are at large. Once you don t
have a regulator in any economy you
are looking at trouble.
Everything needs to be regulated in
some form or the other.
Even in schools, too, because we
keep hearing about violence and other
acts of serious indiscipline...
Oh yes! (Voice raised a bit) When in
school and you are changing your cur-
riculum you are really regulating. Of
course, you would not be calling it by
that name, but you have to investigate
which is technically regulating.
Generally, Dr Mohammed, what you
are telling me here is quite clearly an
eye opener, and don t you believe that
the population needs to be taken on
board through a programme of edu-
cation in this area---regulations and/or
Yes. They need to know what it is
about, what it stands for, what s the
usefulness. It is the same thing you are
telling me. I teach a course here which
takes in that subject and not everyone
knows (furrowed brow). A lot of people
would tell you they don t even know
what the RIC is but when you go to
them they would go all out to help you.
People do not know that---which is
not a reflection of the kind of hard
work they put out---and Mr Raphael,
these people go out calling out the peo-
ple to attend public meetings, and (voice
drops to a soft tone) do you know how
many people attend these meetings?
Continues on Page A18
in utility rates
Dr Ann-Marie Mohammed. PHOTO: SHIRLEY BAHADUR
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