Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : July 11, 2016 Contents A19
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JUBA, South Sudan---Renewed
gunfights broke out across South
Sudan's capital Sunday between forces
loyal to the president and those of the
vice president, officials said Sunday,
causing widespread casualties and
raising fears that the country is
returning to civil war. The fighting hit a
UN camp for displaced people hit by the
violence, according to witnesses.
"The condition is really very bad. We
have a lot of casualties this side, I think
around 50 to 60 besides those of
yesterday," said an official in the camp,
who insisted on anonymity for fear of
retribution. "We have civilian casualties.
We have rocket-propelled grenades that
have landed in the camp which has
wounded eight people."
At least one person has died in the
camp, he said, but he did not know
about casualties outside where the
fighting is heavy. Government forces
attacked a rebel base in the Jebel area
of the capital Sunday morning, said
William Gatjiath Deng, a spokesman for
the rebel forces.
"Three helicopter gunships have just
come now and bombed our side," he
Renewed fighting breaks out across South Sudan capital
Obama called Sunday for
greater tolerance, respect and
understanding from police
officers toward the people they
take an oath to protect as well
as from individuals who think
the police are too heavy hand-
ed and intolerant, particularly
toward people of colour.
"I d like all sides to listen to
each other," Obama said as he
answered a reporter s question
after meeting with Spain s act-
ing prime minister, Mariano
Rajoy, during his shortened first
visit to Spain as president.
It was the fourth straight day
that Obama has commented on
a series of distressing events
back home: the fatal shootings
by police of black men in
Louisiana and Minnesota, and
a sniper attack that killed five
police officers and wounded
seven in Dallas.
He said violence against
police by anyone concerned
about fairness in the criminal
justice system does "a disservice
to the cause."
He repeated that the vast
majority of US police officers
are doing a good job, and rhet-
oric that portrays them other-
wise does little to rally allies to
support efforts to change a sys-
tem broadly recognised as
biased against minorities.
"Maintaining a truthful and
serious and respectful tone is
going to help mobilise American
society to bring about real
change," Obama said.
The president also called for
balance from law enforcement.
"I would hope that police
organisations are also respectful
of the frustrations that people
in these communities feel and
not just dismiss these protests
and these complaints as political
correctness," he said.
"It is in the interest of police
officers that their communities
trust them," Obama said.
The president traveled to
Spain after attending a NATO
summit in Poland, but the
shocking series of events at
home late last week dominated
most of his public appearances.
Spain, nevertheless, appeared
thrilled to welcome the first US
president to visit in more than
a decade. Tourists and curiosity
seekers lined some streets in
hopes of catching a glimpse of
him, and local TV aired wall-
to-wall coverage of his move-
Obama was supposed to
spend two days in Spain, but
cut the visit to about a day
because of the shootings.
"We ve had a difficult week
in the United States," he told
King Felipe VI before they met
in private at the Royal Palace.
After meeting with acting
Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy,
Obama lauded the long-stand-
ing ties between the USand
Spain and complimented eco-
nomic policies put in place
under Rajoy s leadership, saying
the changes have begun to "bear
fruit." The economy is a top
concern of the Spanish public,
with nearly 5 million people out
of work and the unemployment
rate at about 20 percent.
Spain has been gripped by a
political stalemate for months,
with Rajoy unable to rally the
political support he needs to
form a new coalition govern-
ment following a late-June elec-
tion. It was the country s second
round of inconclusive balloting
in the past year.
Rajoy s party also won an
election in December, but no
other major party would help
him form a government.
Rajoy thanked Obama for
visiting and offered his condo-
lences for the Dallas shooting.
He touched on Spain s improv-
ing economic outlook and the
political crisis, saying that hav-
ing a third election in less than
a year would be "a joke" that
would damage the economy.
Obama also thanked Rajoy
for his government s contribu-
tions as a fellow NATO ally, and
for hosting US sailors and guid-
ed missile destroyers at a naval
base on the southern coast. A
visit to the base, including an
event with troops, was to be
Obama s final stop before the
flight to Washington.
It s taken the White House
more than seven years to lock
in Spain on Obama s foreign
But events beyond his control
ended up turning his first and
only visit to Spain, the largest
European country that had yet
to welcome the president, into
a rushed one.
Obama originally planned to
spend Sunday and Monday in
Spain, including a half-day of
sightseeing in the south. But he
cut it to one day by scrapping
the sightseeing and his standard
with young adults.---(AP)
Obama calls for greater
respect, understanding in US
US President Barack Obama walks towards Airforce One accompanied by Spain's Foreign Minister
Jose Manuel Garcia-Margallo, right, on departure at the Torrejon military air base in Madrid, Spain
Sunday. Obama made a brief visit to Madrid before heading off for a visit to Naval Station Rota.
TOKYO---Japan s ruling coalition was a clear
winner in Sunday s parliamentary elections, pre-
liminary results and Japanese media exit polls
indicated, paving the way for Prime Minister
Shinzo Abe to push ahead with his economic
revival policies, but also possibly changing the
nation s postwar pacifist constitution.
Half of the seats of the less powerful upper
house were up for grabs. There had been no pos-
sibility for a change of power because the ruling
coalition, headed by Abe s Liberal Democratic Party,
already controls the more powerful lower house,
but the balloting was a key gauge of how much
support Abe s coalition has among the public. The
opposition had called on voters to show their rejec-
tion of Abe s position to have a more assertive
military role for Japan.
According to the exit polls, the Liberal Democrats
won 57 to 59 seats among the 121 that were con-
tested. Its coalition partner Komeito won about
Combined with other conservative politicians,
the coalition may win a two-thirds majority in the
upper house, which would be critical to propose
a referendum needed to change the constitution.
Japanese broadcaster NHK reported that the Liberal
Democrats may clinch the majority on their own.
Final results of the balloting aren t expected
until early Monday. Abe showed up before TV
cameras at party headquarters, all smiles, to pin
red flowers, indicating confirmed wins, next to his
candidates names written on a big board.
"I am honestly so relieved," he told NHK, prom-
ising new government spending to help wrest the
economy out of the doldrums in a "total and
aggressive" way. He declined to give the amount
for the spending. He also said discussions should
start on changing the constitution to work out
details. With their pro-business policies, the Liberal
Democrats have ruled Japan almost continuously
since World War II, and until recently enjoyed
solid support from rural areas. The few years the
opposition held power coincided with the 2011
earthquake, tsunami and nuclear disasters that
devastated northeastern Japan. The opposition,
however, fell out of favor after being heavily crit-
icized for its reconstruction efforts.
Robert Dujarric, professor and director of the
Institute of Contemporary Asian Studies at Temple
University Japan in Tokyo, said the win reflected
voters disenchantment with the opposition, rather
than their excitement about Abe s policies.
"The public is old. It doesn t want change," he
said. "It doesn t want what Japan really needs ---
more structural reform, less money for the old and
more funding for families and children."
The Japanese constitution, written by the United
States after Japan s defeat in World War II, limits
its military to a self-defense role, although Japan
has a well-equipped modern army, navy and air
force that work closely with the U.S., Japan s most
important ally. Many members of Japan s military
don t anticipate becoming involved in overseas
wars, expecting that their work will be limited to
Japan's ruling coalition wins
election, promises revival
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