Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : October 28th 2016 Contents A26
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Guardian www.guardian.co.tt Friday, October 28, 2016
Supply of Air Conditioner Servicing and Repairs to NALIS' Branch Library Facilities in the South Region
1. NALIS invites tenders for the supply of:
Air Conditioner Servicing and Repairs at NALIS' Branch Library Facilities in the South Region
2. Tender documents will be available from Monday 3rd October 2016 and can be collected from The Procurement Section of the
Finance Division, Fourth (4th) Floor, National Library Building between the hours of 8:30 a.m. -- 3:30 p.m. Monday to Friday. Requests
for information should be sent to email@example.com. The deadline for requesting clari cation is Monday 17th October
3. The item speci cations are attached to the RFP. See Appendix IV
4. Site visits have been scheduled for Thursday 13th October 2016 to Monday 17th October 2016 at 9.00 a.m. with a
Representative from the Facilities Department. You are requested to assemble at the Information Desk, Ground Floor, National
Library Building, Cor. Hart and Abercromby Streets, Port of Spain on Thursday 13th October 2016. The Site Visit Schedule is a xed
to the RFP as Appendix VII.
5. Suppliers submitting tenders who are registered for the purpose of Value Added Tax must, where applicable:
i. Provide a Value Added Tax clearance certi cate, and
ii. Show the VAT separately adjacent to the tender price
6. Tenders must be submitted with the following:
I. A Company pro le
II. References and contact number
II. Experience record
IV. Financial Reference and contact number
V. NIS Compliance Certi cate
VI. Resource capacity
VII. Recent VAT approval/Income Tax Clearance Certi cate
VIII. Certi cate of Incorporation/Registration/Continuance
IX. Audited Financial Statements for the last three (3) years
7. One (1) original and ve (5) copies of the tender bid are to be submitted, and must be enclosed in sealed envelopes and
deposited in the Tenders Box in the Procurement Department on the Fourth (4th) Floor at the National Library Building, Cor.
Hart and Abercromby Sts., Port-of-Spain, no later than 1:00 p.m. Thursday 10th November 2016. The envelopes must be
addressed to the Executive Director and marked;
NALIS: Invitation to Tender for the Supply of Air Conditioner Servicing and Repairs at
NALIS Branch Library Facilities in the South Region
8. NALIS reserves the right to reject tenders under the following conditions:
i. Tenders received unsigned or without an Income Tax/VAT Certi cate (where applicable).
ii. Tenders received in unsealed envelopes.
iii. Tenders found with alterations or erasures of any kind, not initialed by the supplier.
iv. Tenders received without all requested documents.
9. The Board does not bind itself to accept any tender.
10. Late tenders will not be considered under any circumstances.
11. The opening of tenders will be conducted at 1:15 p.m. on Thursday 10th November 2016 on the Fourth (4th) Floor of the
National Library Building, Cor. Hart and Abercromby Sts., Port-of-Spain. Each supplier may, if they so desire, have a representative
present for the opening on the aforementioned date and time.
12. Please visit the NALIS WEBSITE for the complete Tender Notice www.nalis.gov.tt
13. Only rms collecting RFP packages shall be permitted to submit a Proposal. Any Proposal submitted by a rm which has not
collected a RFP will be rejected as invalid.
14. The DEPOSIT SLOT of the Tender Box measures 8 cm (3.25 inches) high and 30 cm (12 inches) wide. Please ensure that the
Tender Packages are able to t in the slot. Larger packages will not be accepted
Breast cancer usually starts off in the inner lining
of milk ducts or the lobules that supply them with
milk. A malignant tumor can spread to other parts
of the body. A breast cancer that started off in the
lobules is known as lobular carcinoma, while one
that developed from the ducts is called ductal car-
The vast majority of breast cancer cases occur in
females, but men get breast cancer too.
Breast cancer is the most common invasive cancer
in females worldwide. Breast cancer rates are much
higher in developed nations compared to developing
ones. There are several reasons for
this, with possibly life-expectancy
being one of the key factors---breast
cancer is more common in elderly
women, women in the richest coun-
tries live much longer than those in
the poorest nations. The different
lifestyles and eating habits of
females in rich and poor coun-
tries are also contributory
factors, experts believe.
The first symptoms of breast cancer are usually an
area of thickened tissue in the woman s breast, or a
lump. The majority of lumps are not cancerous; how-
ever, women should get them checked by a health
Women who detect any of the following signs or
symptoms should tell their doctor:
• A pain in the armpits or breast that does not seem
to be related to the woman s menstrual period
• Pitting or redness of the skin of the breast like
the skin of an orange
• A rash around (or on) one of the nipples
• A swelling (lump) in one of the armpits
• An area of thickened tissue in a breast
• One of the nipples has a discharge; sometimes
it may contain blood
• The nipple changes in appearance; it may become
sunken or inverted
• The size or the shape of the breast changes
• The nipple-skin or breast-skin may have started
to peel, scale or flake.
Causes, risk factors
Experts are not sure what causes breast cancer, but
there are risk factors. They include:
• Getting older. The older a woman gets, the higher
is her risk of developing breast cancer; age is a risk
factor. Over 80 per cent of all female breast cancers
occur among women aged 50+ years (after the
• Genetics. Women who have a close relative who
has/had breast or ovarian cancer are more likely to
develop breast cancer. But most breast cancers are
not hereditary. Women who carry the BRCA1 and
BRCA2 genes have a considerably higher risk of devel-
oping breast and/or ovarian cancer. These genes can
be inherited. TP53, another gene, is also linked to
greater breast cancer risk.
• A history of breast cancer. Women who have had
breast cancer, even non-invasive cancer, are more
likely to develop the disease again, compared to women
who have no history of the disease.
• Having had certain types of breast lumps. Women
who have had some types of benign (non-cancerous)
breast lumps are more likely to develop cancer later
on. Examples include atypical ductal hyperplasia or
• Dense breast tissue. Women with more dense
breast tissue have a greater chance of developing breast
• Oestrogen exposure. Women who started having
periods earlier or entered menopause later than usual
have a higher risk of developing breast cancer.
This is because their bodies have been exposed
to estrogen for longer. Oestrogen exposure
begins when periods start, and drops dramat-
ically during the menopause.
• Obesity. Post-menopausal obese and over-
weight women may have a higher risk of devel-
oping breast cancer. Experts say that there are
higher levels of estrogen in obese menopausal
women, which may be the cause of the higher
• Alcohol consumption. The more alcohol
a woman regularly drinks, the higher her risk
of developing breast cancer is. The Mayo Clinic
says that if a woman wants to drink, she should
not exceed one alcoholic beverage per day.
Breast cancer the most common
invasive cancer in women
Structure of a healthy female breast.
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