Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : January 14th 2017 Contents A20 talk of trinidad
guardian.co.tt Saturday, January 14, 2017
THE REPUBLIC OF
TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO
Application 7 of 2007.
IN THE MATTER OF THE
REAL PROPERTY ACT
IN THE MATTER OF AN
JOAN SAMDAYE BAKHORIE
OF #2A DRAYTON STREET,
IN THE CITY OF SAN FERNANDO,
IN THE ISLAND OF TRINIDAD.
TITLE TO LAND BY ADVERSE
NOTICE is hereby given that an application
has been made by JOAN SAMDAYE
BAKHORIE to have the parcel of land
described in the Schedule hereunder brought
under the provision of the Real Property Act
Chapter 56:02 and the Judge of the High Court
dealing with the said application has ordered
that notice of the said application be once per
week for four (4) consecutive weeks in at least
two (2) daily newspaper of general circulation
in Trinidad and Tobago and if no caveat is
lodged within three months of the date of the
to be brought under the provisions of the Real
THE SCHEDULE HEREINABOVE
ALL AND SINGULAR that parcel of land
situated at No. 3 Cemetery Street California
in the Ward of Couva in the Island of Trinidad
comprising EIGHT HUNDRED AND FORTY
SEVEN POINT ZERO (847.0) SQUARE
METRES and bounded on the NORTH by a
Drain Reserve 3.05 metres wide and by
Cemetery Street 8.00 metres wide on the
SOUTH by lands of Popo Lutchman and by
lands of Kenneth Metthos on the EAST by
Lands of Kasou Ramoutar, by Lands of Popo
Lucthman and by Lands of Kenneth Methos
and on the WEST by Cemetery Street 8.00m
wide and by a Drain Reserve 3.05 metres wide.
Dated this 7th day of December, 2016.
In the shadow of the Al-Aqsa Mosque
in Jerusalem's Old City lies the "Afri-
can Quarter"---home to a little-known
community of nearly 50 Arab families
of African descent.
Descended from Muslim pilgrims from
a variety of African countries, they now
consider themselves proud Palestinians,
despite widespread poverty and occasional
discrimination from both Palestinians and
Israelis. Several have even participated in
violent attacks against Israel.
"We regard ourselves to be Afro-Pales-
tinian," said community leader Ali Jiddah.
Jiddah, a former member of the radical
Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine,
spent 17 years in Israeli prison for taking part
in a 1968 bombing that wounded nine Israe-
lis before he was freed in a prisoner swap.
Jiddah, who long ago renounced violence,
is now a well-known tour guide in the Old
City, offering what he calls an "alternative"
perspective on the conflict with Israel.
Afro-Palestinians reside in various Pal-
estinian cities, with large communities in
Jerusalem, Gaza and the West Bank town
of Jericho. Some are the descendants of
slaves or soldiers brought in during Ottoman
times. The forefathers of Jerusalem's African
Quarter are mostly Muslim pilgrims from
Chad, Sudan, Nigeria and Senegal who set-
tled here or got stuck during periods of war.
"My father came from Chad, from the
Salamat tribe," said Mousa Qous, 55, director
of the African Community Society, a grass-
roots centre that serves black Palestinians
Standing under posters of the late Pales-
tinian leader Yasser Arafat and Nelson Man-
dela, he said his father came to Jerusalem
on a religious pilgrimage in 1959 and "then
decided to stay to fight in the 1967 war."
Others came with The Arab Salvation
Army, an army of volunteers that fought
on the Arab side in the 1948 war surrounding
"We are originally Nubians from Aswan,"
in southern Egypt, said 30 year-old Hanan
Some still have their ancestors' identi-
fication documents, like Ibrahim Firawi,
whose grandfather came from Sudan's
western region of Darfur.
"We have documents and letters, and even
tried to contact the Sudanese Embassy in
Jordan to help connect us with family in
Sudan," he said. Showing off his father's
old passport, he said he has not been able
to track down any of his relatives.
Historic Palestine was a crossroads for
different cultures, and some Palestinians
trace back their roots to a range of non-Arab
groups, from Kurds to Indians and Afghans.
Afro-Palestinians were denied Jordanian
citizenship after the 1967 war, as they were
not seen as Palestinians. Israel has treated
members of the group like other Palestinians
with varying degrees of rights depending
on whether they live in east Jerusalem, the
West Bank or Gaza.
But even after decades in the region, fit-
ting in has not always been easy. As new-
comers, many faced discrimination because
of their skin colour.
"Our parents were foreigners. They were
more sensitive as foreigners, and people
would tell them that they were foreigners,
that their colour was such and such," said
Hawa Balalawi, a shop owner whose father
was from Chad.
Most of Jerusalem's Afro-Palestinian
residents live in old buildings that were
originally built in the tenth century for
the city's poor. Made later into prisons by
the Ottomans, the buildings were handed
over to the Old City's Islamic trusteeship
during the British Mandate, which rented
them to members of the African community
because many served as guards or servants
at the Al-Aqsa Mosque.
Despite these deep roots to the area,
some Palestinians still refer to them with
a local derogatory term, "abeed," Arabic
for "slaves," and to their neighbourhood
as "habs al-abeed" or the "slaves' prison."
"We fought the usage of this term and
mentality for many years," Quos said. "Less
people use it now." But he said racism can
still surface, in marriage proposals, for ex-
"Sometimes when a black Palestinian
wants to marry a white Palestinian woman,
some members of her family might object,"
he said. "It's not a phenomenon, and recent-
ly, there have been more inter-marriages."
Jiddah, the tour guide, blamed ignorance
for any type of racism among Palestinians,
and points out that he has experienced sim-
ilar racism from Israelis.
"We Afro-Palestinians are dually op-
pressed, as Palestinians and because of
our colour the Israelis call us "kushis" --- a
derogatory word for blacks.
Still, he said the involvement of Afro-Pal-
estinians in the struggle for independence
has elevated their status in the eyes of their
"The respect we get from Palestinians is
because of our role in the national struggle,"
said Jiddah, who sits daily at a café near the
Old City's Damascus Gate sipping Turkish
coffee, chain smoking and waving hello to
"More Catholic than the Pope? We are
more Palestinian than Palestinians," he said.
The first female Palestinian political pris-
oner was Fatima Bernawi in 1968, of Ni-
gerian ancestry. She was imprisoned for a
failed bombing attempt on a cinema in 1967,
before being sent into exile. After an interim
peace accord in 1993, Bernawi returned to
serve as a senior Palestinian police official,
and now lives in Jordan.
Qous, the director of the Jerusalem centre,
spent five years in prison for participating in
the first Palestinian intifada, or uprising, in
the early 1990s. Like Jiddah, he is a former
member of the PFLP who has also put his
militant days behind him.
Israel has its own groups of Jews of Af-
rican ancestry. Jewish communities from
Arab countries in north Africa like Tunisia,
Libya and Morocco immigrated to the newly
established Jewish state in the 1950s, and
over the past 30 to 40 years, black Jews from
Ethiopia have immigrated to Israel. While
Ethiopians have made some inroads, the
community still suffers from poverty and
Economically, Afro-Palestinians are
among the most disenfranchised in the city.
"Many leave school early to support their
families and the houses that we live in are
very small houses," Qous explained.
A third generation of Afro-Palestinians
is now growing up within the walls of the
African Quarter, more integrated and con-
fident about their place.
Ahmad Jibril, 17, who fashions a haircut
reminiscent of a young Bobby Brown and re-
cently was put under house arrest for taking
part in protests, says he has no ambiguity
about his national identity.
"I am Palestinian, it shouldn't matter if
I'm white or black," he said. (AP)
Arab families of
attend a wedding
in the West Bank
city of Ramallah.
a unique identity in Israel
Links Archive January 13th 2017 January 15th 2017 Navigation Previous Page Next Page