Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : March 12th 2017 Contents life B31
Sunday, March 12, 2017 guardian.co.tt
Chairman of the Sangre
Grande Regional Corporation
Martin Terry Rondon honoured
McCartha “Calypso Rose” Lewis
at the Sangre Grande Regional
Corporation on Monday.
Calypso Rose was escorted
from Valencia at 9 am in a motor-
cade to the Guaico Presbyterian
School where she was serenaded
by the school’s Junior Steelpan
Orchestra, then proceeded to the
Regional Corporation where she
Protect your dogs from parvo
Canine Parvovirus is com-
monly known as “parvo” in T&T.
It is a highly contagious virus
that can produce life-threaten-
The virus attacks rapidly-dividing
cells and most severely affects the
gastrointestinal tracts of dogs but
also attacks white blood cells and
when young animals are infected, the
virus can damage heart muscle and
cause long-term cardiac problems.
While this virus can affect all
dogs, unvaccinated dogs and pup-
pies younger than four months old
are most susceptible.
Parvovirus is transmitted by di-
rect dog-to-dog contact and by any
person, animal or object that comes
into contact with an infected dog’s
The virus is readily transmitted
from place to place on the hair or feet
of dogs or via contaminated bedding,
food and water bowls, collars and
leashes, kennels, shoes, and cloth-
ing of people who handle infected
dogs, so sanitation is paramount in
treatment as well as in prevention
The virus is resistant to heat, cold,
humidity, and drying and can survive
on inanimate objects such as food
bowls, shoes, clothing, carpet, and
floors as well as in the environment
for long periods of time.
Signs of the parvovirus in infected
dogs include: lethargy, loss of appe-
tite, abdominal pain and bloating,
fever, vomiting and severe—often
bloody and foul-smelling—diar-
rhoea. Persistent vomiting and di-
arrhoea can cause rapid dehydration,
and damage to the intestines and im-
mune system can cause septic shock.
If your dog or puppy shows any of
these symptoms you should contact
your veterinarian immediately.
Most deaths from parvovirus oc-
cur within 48 to 72 hours following
the onset of clinical signs.
Home treatment is not recom-
mended: even with the best veteri-
nary care, this disease is often fatal.
Parvovirus infection is diagnosed
based on the dog’s history, physical
examination, and laboratory tests.
No specific drug available
There is no specific drug availa-
ble that will kill the virus in infected
dogs. Treatment consists of aggres-
sive supportive care to control the
manifested symptoms until the dog’s
immune system can fight off the vi-
ral infection, and is also intended to
boost the dog’s immune system.
Treatment should be started im-
mediately and consists primarily of
intravenous care to combat dehydra-
tion by replacing electrolyte, protein
and fluid losses; controlling vomit-
ing and diarrhoea; and preventing
Sick dogs should be kept warm
and their isolation is necessary to
minimise the spread of the infection.
Proper cleaning and disinfection
of contaminated kennels and other
areas where infected dogs have been
housed is essential.
The best way to protect your dog
from this killer virus is through vac-
Puppies younger than four months
are more at risk of infection because
the natural immunity provided in
their mother’s milk may wear off
before their own immune systems
are sufficiently developed to fight
Most mothers wean their puppies
off milk by six weeks of age so the
first vaccine should be given at six
to eight weeks of age, and a booster
given at three-week intervals until
the puppy is 16-20 weeks of age, and
then again at one year of age.
Older dogs who have not received
full puppy vaccination series may be
susceptible to parvovirus and should
also receive at least one vaccination.
Practising good hygiene
Until a puppy has received his
complete series of vaccinations,
use caution when bringing the pet
to places where unvaccinated dogs
have access such as parks, beach-
es, obedience classes, kennels, and
Keep your puppy off the floor
when taking him to the veterinary
Dogs with vomiting and diarrhoea
should be kept separate from healthy
dogs in the family, and if you handle a
sick dog always wash your hands and
change your clothes before handling
Parvovirus is able to survive in
the environment for a long time and
most regular household cleaners are
ineffective in killing the virus.
Anywhere that an infected dog has
been should be considered contam-
inated, and anything that has been
contaminated should be thrown
away and replaced.
The best household cleaner to kill
parvovirus is bleach (one part bleach
to 30 parts water).
It should be used on hard surfaces
such as floors, food and water bowls,
kennels and bottoms of shoes and
the bleach solution should be left
on the surface for at least ten-15
Contaminated carpets, beddings,
collars and leashes should be cleaned
thoroughly using a colour-safe
bleach solution and steam cleaning
is also effective if temperatures reach
120-130 degrees Celsius for ten-15
Lawn and dirt are practically im-
possible to clean and unvaccinated
dogs should not be allowed into these
areas for years after a sick dog has
been on them.
If you acquire a new puppy, wait
until two weeks after his last puppy
vaccination before allowing him ac-
cess to a contaminated garden. Dogs
that have previously had the virus
are generally immune to the virus
Protect your pet by vaccinating
him and practising good hygiene.
Copyright © Kristel-Marie Ramnath
Calypso Rose sings along
with pupils of Guaico
Chairman of the Sangre Grande
Regional Corporation Martin
Terry Rondon and CEO of the
corporation Angelo Guerra.
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