Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : May 24th 2017 Contents tobagotoday.co.tt May 24 - 2017
"Getting to the Root of It, Bullying
Identification & Prevention"
Today, I intend to share with you infor-
mation on the Identification and Prevention
of Bullying. My aim is to get you to under-
stand the root of bullying by improving
your knowledge so that we can all seek to
prevent incidents of bullying.
With that said, issues such as who is a
bully, why do children bully others, warning
signs of bullying, the different types of bul-
lying and what we can do to prevent bully-
ing will be discussed. Why is it important
to discuss bullying? Firstly, for safety and
security reasons and secondly bullying dis-
tracts from the learning process.
To some of you, I am here today well-
dressed and apparently academically suc-
cessful. And you ask yourselves, what can
an individual such as Wendell Wallace tell
us about bullying? What experience does he
have on the subject? Well, the answers to
those questions are simple. I can tell you a
whole lot. You see, I may not look like some-
one who was bullied as a child; but therein
lies the problem as well as the answer. Bul-
lying affects everyone.
I am going to level with you, I hate bul-
lying and I will do everything I possibly can
to prevent it from happening at schools. I
did not start disliking bullying because every-
one else did or because I witnessed it hap-
pen. I dislike bullying as I experienced it
first-hand - as a victim. So by talking to
you about bullying, I hope to provide you
with a little more insight into bullying, its
identification and its prevention.
So here is a little about me!!! I attended
Bishop's High School, Scarborough, Tobago
from 1980- 1988. Between forms 1 and 3, I
was the shortest, thinnest and darkest stu-
dent in complexion in the entire school.
Added to that, I resided in a remote fishing
village called Castara. That combination
made me an ideal target for bullying. Indeed,
I was bullied at Secondary school.
I was called a host of names and frequent-
ly tapped up by older and more popular
boys. However, thanks to nature, by the end
of 3rd form I had grown taller, learnt to run
really quick and developed a character as a
'chatty, chatty youth' to quote one of my
Jamaican colleagues. It was only when I
exited Secondary School that I truly realised
that I was a victim of most forms of bully-
ing. However, while at secondary school I
coped with it and never told my parents. In
fact, over 50 percent of parents are not aware
that their children are being bullied at school
and that is why I chose to highlight the
statement "STOP BULLYING... IT BEGINS
WITH ME!" - a theme adopted from the
California anti-bullying programme. INTRO-
DUCTION TO BULLYING.
Some of you in this audience may be bul-
lies; but hopefully, by the end of my pre-
sentation, you will become ex-bullies and
anti-bullying champions. Like me, some of
you might have been the bullied, some of
you might have witnessed others being bul-
lied and some of you might have been the
cheerleaders for the bullies, cheering them
on in their horrible acts. Then, there are
some of you who might have stood idly by
and did nothing when the bullying was tak-
ing place, not a shout of stop or even offer-
ing a comforting shoulder and a listening
ear to the bullied student or informing a
responsible adult of the incident. Instead,
some of you were busy recording the act
with your mobile phones so that later it can
be placed on social media for further embar-
rassment to the bullied student.
I urge you to stay aware of what's hap-
pening in the world around you, even when
you are too busy dealing with situations
inside your head. Sometimes we may forget,
or take for granted, the most obvious things
around us such as loving the air we breathe
or the water we drink or caring for our
SO WHAT IS BULLYING?
THE I-I-R CRITERIA Bullying is an attack
(violence) with an intended purpose of caus-
ing physical, verbal, or emotional harm. It
includes an imbalance of power between the
bully and the victim and involves repeated
acts over time (CDC, 2011a, 2011b; Dressler-
Hawkes and Whitehead, 2009; Liu & Graves,
THE I-I-R CRITERIA 1. Bullying is - inten-
tional (deliberate, hurtful, purposeful, instru-
mental and goal-directed).
( 2) Bullying is imbalanced (physical vs.
psychological, and/or actual vs. perceived
power). ( 3 )Bullying is repeated (one-time
aggression vs. bullying).
Bullying may be physical (hitting, kicking,
spitting, destroying property), verbal (taunt-
ing, name calling, insults, threatening), or
social and emotional (spreading rumours,
excluding from activities, humiliating, or
intimidating). Bullying may occur face to
face or through the internet, cell phones or
other electronic means (cyberbullying).
WHO IS INVOLVED IN BULLYING?
The bullying triangle. Bully, Victim,
TYPES OF BULLYING- There are many
types of bullying, you may think to call
someone a nasty name is what bullying is
all about but there is more to bullying.( 1).
Physical Bullying: is being hit, kicked, pinched
or tripped.( 2) Verbal Bullying is being called
names, teased, put downs, and insults.( 3)
Psychological bullying is being threatened,
stalked or manipulated. (4.)Social bullying
is being ignored, having rumours spread
about you, or telling lies about you. (5) Sex-
ual bullying is unwanted touching or brush-
ing against someone, picking on someone
because of their sexual preference.((6)Cyber-
bullying is, insulting someone in chat rooms,
sending cruel or threatening emails, text
messages, or spreading rumours using mobile
phones (Kowalski and Limber, 2013)
Note: Next week we bring you anoth-
er excerpt from Dr Wallace's speech. It
will include information on risk factors
for bullying- (victims and perpetrators)
and warning signs which may indicate
a child is being bullied.
If you would like to comment or contribute something, we'd love to hear from you.
Please send us an e-mail at email@example.com
Pembroke performers entertain during a cultural reception for the 49th Annual Conference of the Association of Caribbean Historians (ACH). Delegates from European countries, the
Americas and the Caribbean were treated to an evening of diverse cultural performances. The event took place at the Pembroke Heritage Park.
Editors' note: Following is the first
excerpt of a speech given by noted
Tobago criminologists Dr Wendell Wallace
at an Anti-Bullying Conference, 10th May
2017 at the National Academy for the
Performing Arts, Port of Spain. The
conference's theme was "Getting to the
Root of It, Bullying Identification &
Prevention". Several secondary schools
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