Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : April 15th 2018 Contents B10 life
Sunday, April 15, 2018
Notice is hereby given that the 71st Annual General Meeting of TECU Credit
Union Co-operative Society Limited will be held at the PETROTRIN Pointe-
a-Pierre Club, Pointe-a-Pierre on Friday 20th April 2018 at 4:30 p.m.
• Receive the reports of the Board of Directors, Supervisory and Credit
Committees and the Financial Statements of the Credit Union for the year
ended December 31st, 2017.
Transact any other ordinary business of the Credit Union
Registration Commences at 2:30 p.m.
Members are advised that Dividends will be credited to your Share Account as
is customary and can be withdrawn from April 23rd 2018.
April 7th 2018
NOTICE OF ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING
An African penguin dives in a pool in the Opel Zoo in Kronberg near Frankfurt, Germany, Monday, April 9,
2018. This species of penguin live in colonies on the coast and islands of southern Africa, they are also called
jackass penguins for the donkey-like braying sounds they make to communicate.
In a previous article we covered how
to safely and humanely introduce
your dog to a collar and leash to
avoid leash phobia.
Dogs should be walked using a
body harness rather than a neck
collar (which can still be used for
identi ication purposes). The use of
choke-chains or prong collars can
damage the tissues and muscles in
the neck and throat and cause pain.
The harness gives you more control
of the dogs' shoulders, which is
where the power to pull comes
The harness needs to be slowly
introduced as we discussed with the
collar and leash, and teamed with
treats, attention, affection, and lots
of praise. Refer to the last article to
learn how to introduce the harness.
Once the harness is comfortably on,
just attach the leash and leave it on
while you are around to supervise
the dog. Allow him to run around
with it so that he becomes used to
the weight and feel of the leash.
When he no longer pays too much
attention to it trailing behind him,
simply pick it up and stay still.
This is so he becomes used to the
restraint now caused by you. Let
him struggle and pull against it and
wait until he gives up and settles.
When he does so, immediately let
go of the leash and reward him.
This is so he learns that if he ights
against the leash nothing changes;
but if he relaxes he immediately gets
rewarded. We want him to learn to
relax on the leash, not ight against
it. Then you can start walking him
with the leash, one step at a time.
If the dog freezes up on a walk;
use an upbeat, excited tone of voice
(you can pat your leg or clap your
hands too) when you call him to
entice him to come towards you.
Stooping down to the dog's level will
encourage him to run to you. Do
not pull him with the leash; let him
take his time because he is learning.
You can also use treats to make
the reward of coming to you even
If the dog pulls on the leash, there
is a mimicking of natural scruf ing
action on the back of the neck
with the harness, which inhibits
unwanted behaviours. Remember to
walk the dog at your side or behind
you, and if he is pulling ahead of
you, change direction, which will
force him to turn also and follow
you. You may be zigzagging on your
walk, which may look funny to your
neighbours but persevere and your
dog will soon learn that the moment
he pulls ahead of you, he is again
made to follow. He will also start to
focus on you to see which direction
you're now heading in. You can also
stop suddenly so he comes back to
see why you've stopped, at which
point you start to walk again once
he is back at your side. This teaches
him that pulling ahead gets him
nowhere, but when he stays at your
side he gets to move.
The type of equipment used is
not all that is needed however.
The most obvious way in which we
communicate with our dogs is in
terms of ener y. So, it is important
that whenever potentially anxious
situations arise; whoever is holding
the leash tries to remain calm
and con ident at all times so that
the dog also remains calm. If you
feel yourself becoming frustrated
because he is not responding
quickly enough or not listening to
you at that moment, it is best to
take a break from the training and
try again later rather than trying to
Remember that a walk is
supposed to be interesting and fun
for the dog so also allow him the
freedom to explore while you are
out with him.
Copyright © Kristel-Marie Ramnath 2018
Walking on a leash
If the dog pulls on the leash,
there is a mimicking of
natural scruffing action on
the back of the neck with
the harness, which inhibits
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