Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : June 3rd 2013 Contents A23
Monday, June 3, 2013 www.guardian.co.tt Guardian
Applications will be accepted from ten (10) working days prior to the auction date. The
deadline for submission of tenders to the Domestic Market Operations Department of the
Central Bank is 12:00 noon on the auction date.
Central Bank of Trinidad
and Tobago and must accompany each tender. Cheque payments must be submitted no later
than three (3) working days prior to the auction date.
Competitive tenders can be submitted for any amount up to the issue size and must state the
price the bidder is willing to pay for each $1,000 of the face value being applied for. Competitive
bids may be rejected if the face value of the entire issue is allocated at higher bid prices or if
made to a bid that is rejected.
bidder agrees to accept the weighted average price of the successful bids determined in the
For competitive tenders, payments must be in the amount of the total cost of the bills; for
non-competitive tenders, payments will be equivalent to the face value being applied for.
The Central Bank of Trinidad and Tobago invites tenders
from the public for the following issue:
TREASURY BILL AUCTION
Central Bank of
Trinidad & Tobago
Results of Tender for Treasury Bill number 1388:
www.central-bank.org.tt/content/treasury-bills or call
Irecently decided to repaint my
bedroom Sherwood Forest
green because it reminded me
of the woods where my dad took
me and my brothers to swing on
grapevines. This surprised me,
because green is not on my list
of favourite colours. When I
thought about my decision, I
realised that I had only chosen
green because of that special
Over the years, I have been
fascinated with children s percep-
tions of colours and their passion
for their favourite colours. Why
do girls like pink and purple?
Why do boys prefer blue and
green? Why do children care so
much about having a favourite
Marilyn Read, an associate pro-
fessor of design and human envi-
ronment at Oregon State Univer-
sity, has written a great deal
about children and colours.
She has stated in numerous
articles that children s favourite
colours---down to specific hues---
are "socially constructed," but she
believes children s feelings about
colours are more than acting out
society s demands for construct-
ing female and male stereotypes.
She believes children choose
favourite colours at different
stages of their social develop-
ment, and they use colours to
feel good about themselves and
their world. Colour can be used
to create an environment con-
ducive to learning.
Read studied the impact of
colour in preschool buildings and
found that children were more
co-operative in rooms with one
wall painted a different colour.
One red wall, she said, made
children more co-operative. Too
many different colours in a room
made children overstimulated,
From her research, Read
learned that a single bold colour
made students feel a sense of
security. Single-colour cur-
tains---as opposed to curtains
with patterns---also seem to be
more conducive to settling and
learning. Colour didn t matter
when there was no pattern in a
The result was the same: a
calmer child in the classroom.
In general, Read says, "If peo-
ple want children to act in a
calmer way, they should go with
blue or another cooler colour."
When it comes to colour pref-
erences, her research shows dis-
tinct differences in taste, even in
hues or shades of colours. Read
discovered that boys tend to pre-
fer yellow-based reds, while girls
prefer blue-based reds. It is
unusual, she says, for boys or
girls to like orange.
Still, there are children who
choose orange as a favourite
colour. She s not sure why.
All of this might seem like a
trivial matter, but colours really
do matter at home and at school
when it comes to nurturing
happy, calm and confident chil-
A simple mistake like choosing
a colour that is too bright can
mean a child sleeps less at night.
Just one hour less of sleep
can wreak havoc on a child s life,
Po Bronson and Ashley Merry-
man state in Nurture Shock New
Thinking about Children. In the
chapter entitled The Lost Hour,
the authors present research that
suggests an hour less of sleep
can contribute to ADHD, obesity,
depression, general fogginess and
On the other hand, choosing a
colour that is too dull can keep
a child from wanting to be in a
room. This too is not conducive
to settling down to sleep.
Choosing the right colour for
a child s bedroom just might do
the trick of getting a child to
settle down earlier in order to
get that extra crucial hour of
sleep every night.
Researchers at the University
of California found young chil-
dren assigned positive feelings
to bright colours and negative
feelings to dark ones.
Boyatzis and Varghese also
found that boys in general were
more positive towards darker
colours, while girls preferred
softer colours. Children associ-
ated red with being angry, blue
with being sad and yellow with
being happy. They assigned
colours to feelings.
All of this lays the foundation
for one of the most important
aspects of children s perception
of colour: perception of race.
There comes a day when chil-
dren look around and apply
colour to the people they see
Adults usually panic when
children begin associating
colours with people. Adults
immediately assume this is a
sign of prejudice. Researchers
say that is not really true.
Children are simply trying to
make sense of the world around
them. Children associate colours
with everything in their world---
The following Web sites offer
some invaluable information
about the psychology of colours.
1. The Effects of Color on Peo-
ple. An interesting site about how
colour affects us with informa-
tion gathered and collated by
Resene, a paint company in Aus-
tralia and New Zealand. This is
not scientific information, but it
makes interesting reading.
2. Red! No, Blue! No, Light
Blue! Why do little kids care so
much about favourite colours? By
Lucinda Rosenfeld April 18, 2012
3. The Best Color for Kids
Rooms. Some ideas of dos and
don ts when it comes to painting
kids rooms. www.houzz.com/ide-
Next week: What happens
when children begin to assign
colour to people?
YOUR FAVOURITE COLOUR AND WHY Boyatzis and Varghese
also found that boys in
general were more
positive towards darker
colours, while girls
preferred softer colours.
Children associated red
with being angry, blue
with being sad and
yellow with being
happy. They assigned
colours to feelings.
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