Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : June 8th 2013 Contents A32
body & soul
Guardian www.guardian.co.tt Saturday, June 8, 2013
COMMUNITY HOSPITAL OF SEVENTH-DAY ADVENTISTS
Western Main Road, Cocorite
Qualified, experienced and service-oriented individuals are invited to apply for the following positions:
Must possess a Bachelor's degree in Physiotherapy or any related qualifications. Must be registered with the Physiotherapists' Board of
T &T and have at least 5 years experience in this field. Specialization in management of stroke and brain-injured patients or cardiac reha-
bilitation preferred. Must be prepared to work on weekends.
Must possess a Bachelor's degree in radiological imaging and technology and/or a Diploma in radiography. Must be registered with the
Radiography Board of T &T and have at least 5 years experience in performing CT scans and MRI. This position would require working
on a roster that would include on-call sessions.
Candidate must possess a Bachelor's degree in Pharmacy from an accredited institution and have at least 5 years experience in this field.
Must be registered with the Pharmacy Board of T&T and have at least 5 years experience in this field.
NURSING STAFF (Full Time only)
Caring and qualified RNs and ENAs are needed in the following fields: Medical/Surgical, Midwifery, Dialysis, ICU, Emergency Room, and
Operating Theatre. Nurses must have a Bachelor of Science Degree or an Associate Degree in Nursing. Applicants must also be registered
with the Nursing Council of Trinidad and Tobago.
ENGINEERING & MAINTENANCE MANAGER
Applicants must have at least 5 years experience in a similar position. Must possess a degree or associate degree in Biomedical or Electrical
Engineering. This position would include on-call sessions.
ENGINEERING & MAINTENANCE TECHNICIANS
Must have working experience in a maintenance department. Applicants with certification and/or 5 years experience in bio-medicals, elec-
trical, air conditioning, plumbing, welding and carpentry are invited. This position would include on-call sessions.
Must be a Certified Technician with at least 2 years experience in this field.
Full time and part time qualified Medical Doctors with clinic and on call responsibilities in the following disciplines are also required:
Emergency room/ Family practice
Rehabilitation Medicine/Physical Therapy
Medical Doctors with qualification in other disciplines are also welcome to apply. Candidates must be registered with the Medical Board of T&T.
Your cover letter along with one copy of your current resume, 2 passport size photos, copies of certificates, references and other relevant
information should be sent to:
Human Resource Manager
Community Hospital of SDA
P.O. Box 767
Port of Spain, Trinidad
Or e-mail resume to email@example.com
Applicants are also required to submit a copy of their application to:
Chief Manpower Officer
Ministry of Labour & Small and Micro Enterprise Development
Levels 1 - 6, Duke Place,
#50 -54 Duke Street, Port of Spain.
CLOSING DATE FOR APPLICATIONS IS JUNE 10th 2013
UNSUITABLE APPLICATIONS WILL NOT BE ACKNOWLEDGED
YOUR DAILY HEALTH
News and advice
Childhood emotional and sexual abuse mark
women s brains in distinct patterns -- with emo-
tional abuse affecting regions involved in self-
awareness and sexual abuse affecting areas involved
in genital sensation, according to new research.
The study links specific types of abuse with symp-
toms experienced by many survivors later in life.
The research, which was published in the American
Journal of Psychiatry, imaged the brains of 51 women
in Atlanta who were taking part in a larger project
on the effects of early trauma.
Twenty-eight of the participants had been seriously
maltreated as children, suffering from various com-
binations of neglect and emotional, physical and
sexual abuse. The other 23 experienced either no mal-
treatment or next to nothing. The women ranged in
age from 18 to 45, but the average age was 27.
A standard questionnaire on childhood trauma was
used to assess the women s early-childhood experi-
ences, and their brains were scanned to measure the
thickness of various regions of the cortex.
Cortical thickness is linked to brain development,
with thicker regions generally suggesting healthier
growth. Brains, like muscles, develop through use---
so regions that have been "exercised" more tend to
But abuse can interfere with development. To cope
with overwhelming experiences of distress, the brain
can alter patterns of signalling from the pathways
involved, which can ultimately leave those regions
underdeveloped from reduced input. The brain of a
child who is raped, for example, may react by reducing
the connectivity of the regions that were hurt.
"If abuse was of a sexual type, we saw changes in
the somatosensory cortex, the area that processes
input from the body to create sensations and per-
ceptions," says Jens Pruessner, associate professor of
psychiatry at McGill University in Montreal.
Somatosensory areas create a map of the body on
the brain, with each region processing sensation from
specific body parts. As compared with non-abused
women, "women who were sexually abused had thin-
ning in the area where the genitalia were located," he
Although the prevalence varies depending on the
severity and the amount of abuse, many sexual-abuse
survivors report sexual problems in adulthood, includ-
ing reductions in desire and sensation; sometimes
they suffer from chronic genital pain.
"There are some studies suggesting that thinning
of the cortex (in these regions) would be associated
with a lowered pain threshold, so you would more
easily perceive pain instead of touch from that area,"
says Pruessner. Some of the women showed cortical
thinning in regions associated with the face and
mouth, which could result from abuse to those areas.
Emotional abuse left a different type of scar. Here,
the changes were seen in regions associated with
understanding and controlling emotions and recog-
nising and responding to the feelings of others.
"We (saw thinning) in areas that have to do with
self-awareness and emotional regulation, areas in the
prefrontal cortex and medial temporal lobe, which
typically show activation when people are asked to
think about themselves or reflect on their emotions,"
Emotional abuse can leave its victims prone to
depression, moodiness and extreme or dulled emotional
responsiveness, depending on the person and the
particular circumstances. "As adults, (they have dif-
ficulty) reflecting on themselves and finding the right
way to deal with emotions," says Pruessner.
"If replicated, these data provide compelling evidence
about the enduring structural effects on the brain as
Sexual, emotional abuse
a new study.
a function of early life experience," Dr Maria Oquendo,
a professor of clinical psychiatry at Columbia University,
and her colleagues wrote in an editorial accompanying
This study didn t follow the women from childhood,
so it can t prove that the abuse caused the changes
in these regions. It s possible, for example, that thinning
in these brain regions results from later avoidance of
healthy experience---abstaining from sex even in a
good relationship, for example---rather than from the
initial abuse. (time.com)
scar the brain in specific ways
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