Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : June 19th 2013 Contents A36
Guardian www.guardian.co.tt Wednesday, June 19, 2013
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MARONDERA---William Mukurazita s
deposit at the bank has four legs and
Zimbabwe s first "Cattle Bank" has
just opened its books in a unique kind
of banking where owners bring in their
animals as collateral against cash loans.
For many rural poor in this southern
African country once wracked by
world-record inflation, it s the first
bank account they ve ever had.
"Cattle banking is the only way own-
ers can get monetary value for their
animals without having to sell them,"
bank executive Charles Chakoma told
The Associated Press amongst fields
and small farming plots near Maron-
dera, east of Harare, the capital.
Owners accrue interest and have the
option to get back their cattle after an
initial two years or leave them with the
bank for longer. Depositors can get
loans of an equal value of the cattle
they have put in the bank.
In the event the owner fails to repay
the loan, the bank keeps the animals.
When an owner dies, a close member
of the family can take over payment of
the loan and ultimately get the cattle
The bank, which owns several fast
food outlets across the country, says it
also will slaughter aging cattle for beef
and replace them with more productive
cattle of the same value.
Mukurazita, 69, and his wife, Eliz-
abeth, 66, kept about 70 head of cattle
at Masomere village, 90 miles from
Harare. But poor health stopped them
from looking after their herd and at
least 20 animals died or were stolen,
Elizabeth Mukurazita said. (AP)
The biggest drought to hit the planet in the 20th
century, the Sahel drought sucked Central Africa
dry from the 1970s to the 1990s. The severe famines
that killed hundreds of thousands of people during
this period and gained worldwide attention.
A new study blames the dry spell on pollution in
the Northern Hemisphere, primarily from America
and Europe. Tiny particles of sulfate, called aerosols,
cooled the Northern Hemisphere, shifting tropical
rainfall patterns southward, away from Central Africa,
according to research published April 24 in the journal
Geophysical Research Letters.
"Even changes from relatively far away spread into
the tropics," said Dargan Frierson, a study co-author
and climatologist at the University of Washington.
At the time, the cooling effect went unnoticed,
overshadowed by Earth s overall warming, Frierson
said. Instead, the drought was blamed on overgrasing
and poor land use practices. But in the past decade,
researchers have realised that aerosol pollution plays
an important role in Earth s climate, he said. In certain
parts of the atmosphere, the tiny particles reflect the
sun s light and build longer-lasting clouds, cooling
the atmosphere. Not all aerosols reflect light, and
the cooling from sulfate particles offsets global warm-
ing only a regional scale, because their effects are
AMSTERDAM---Kenyan Deputy President William
Ruto must appear in person for certain sessions of
his trial at the International Criminal Court in The
Hague, but can otherwise carry out his official
duties, the court said yesterday.
Ruto and Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta, elected
on a joint ticket in March, face charges of orchestrating
violence after the previous election five years ago, in
which 1,200 people were killed. Both deny the charges.
Ruto s trial for crimes against humanity is scheduled
to begin on September 10 and while he had promised
to cooperate with the court, he had also asked to
participate by video link.
In a statement yesterday, the court said Ruto must
be present for the opening and closing statements
of all parties and participants, and when victims
present their views and concerns in person. He must
also attend the delivery of the judgment and, if appli-
cable, the sentencing.
"Permission granted Mr Ruto to not be continuously
present was strictly for purposes of accommodating
the demanding functions of his office as Deputy
Head of State of Kenya and not merely to gratify the
dignity of his own occupation of that office," the
court said. (Reuters)
ADDIS ABABA---Ethiopia and
Egypt cooled talk of war yester-
day and agreed to more dialogue
to resolve a row over a giant dam
that the Horn of Africa nation is
building on the Nile, on which
Egyptians depend on for almost
all their water.
Africa s second and third most
populous nations have traded barbs
in past weeks about Ethiopia s new
hydroelectric project, which Egypt
fears will reduce a water supply
vital for its 84 million people, who
mostly live in the Nile valley and
Egyptian President Mohamed
Mursi said on June 10 he did not
want war, but would keep "all
options open", prompting Ethiopia
to say it was ready to defend its
$4.7 billion Great Renaissance
Dam, which lies near the border
Ethiopia summoned the Egypt-
ian ambassador this month after
politicians in Cairo were shown
on television suggesting they sup-
ported Ethiopian rebels and mil-
"Some pronouncements were
made in the heat of the moment
because of emotions. They are
behind us," Mohamed Kamel Amr,
Egypt s foreign minister, told a joint
news conference with his Ethiopian
counterpart Tedros Adhanom in
Ethiopia s capital.
An Ethiopian diplomat said
another round of talks would be
held between ministers and experts
in a few weeks.
The two ministers also agreed
that further studies would be car-
ried out on the impact of the dam
after Egypt said it was dissatisfied
with an earlier technical report and
said it wanted more details before
work continued. Adhanom said
consultations would take place
without halting construction of
the dam, which is being built by
private Italian firm Salini Costrut-
"I would like to assure our
Egyptian brothers and sisters that,
as we have been doing, we will
address the security concerns of
Egypt and Sudan," said Adhanom.
Egypt, whose population uses
almost all of the Nile water avail-
able to it, cites a 1929 pact which
entitled Cairo to 55.5 billion cubic
metres a year of the Nile s flow of
around 84 billion cubic metres.
Ethiopia and five other upstream
Nile states, such as Kenya and
Uganda, say those claims are out-
dated and have signed a deal effec-
tively stripping Cairo of its veto
based on colonial-era treaties over
dam projects on the river. (Reuters)
Ethiopia, Egypt tone
down talk of war
short-lived and concentrated in high-pollution areas.
"Air pollution affects climate as well, and different
parts of the planet are connected in the climate sys-
tem," Frierson told LiveScience. ---LiveScience
Africa's worst drought tied to West's pollution
William Ruto sits in the courtroom of the
International Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hague on
Hague court says Kenyan VP must attend trial
Nerwande Chirovzvo, left, and his mother Christine stand among their cattle on
land near Harare, April 23. AP PHOTO
Zimbabwe 'Cattle Bank'
takes deposits that moo
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