Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : June 26th 2013 Contents A36
Guardian www.guardian.co.tt Wednesday, June 26, 2013
THE JUDICIARY OF TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO
NOTICE OF HEARING OF APPLICATIONS UNDER
THE GAMBLING AND BETTING ACT CHAP. 11:19
The Authority under the Gambling and Betting Act, Chap. 11:19 has fixed Thursday 25th
July 2013 at 1:00pm at the 8th Magistrates' Court, St. Vincent Street, Port of Spain, as a
day on which applications for the granting of Certificates authorizing granting of a new
licence under the Gambling and Betting Act, Chap. 11:19 and the Gambling and Betting
(Amendments) Acts will be considered.
Applicants should be addressed to the Authority, Gambling and Betting Act, Magistracy, St.
Vincent Street, Port of Spain to reach no later than 25th June, 2013.
Applicants are reminded that in accordance with the provision of the Act, they are required
to publish in the newspaper, not later than twenty-eight (28) days before the hearing of any
such application to the Authority, a notice of making of the application to the Authority.
Such notice shall specify the name of the applicant, the premises in respect of which the
application is made and the nature of the licence to be applied for and shall inform per-
sons who desire to object to such application that they must send to the Authority not
later than ten (10) days after publication of the advertisement, two (2) copies of a brief
statement in writing of grounds of objection.
Dated this 20th day of June, 2013
Gambling and Betting Act.
Plants have a built-in capacity to
do maths, which helps them regulate
food reserves at night, research sug-
UK scientists say they were
"amazed" to find an example of such
a sophisticated arithmetic calculation
in biology. Mathematical models show
that the amount of starch consumed
overnight is calculated by division in
a process involving leaf chemicals, a
John Innes Centre team reports in e-
The scientists studied the plant
Arabidopsis, which is regarded as a
model plant for experiments.
Overnight, when the plant cannot use
energy from sunlight to convert car-
bon dioxide into sugars and starch, it
must regulate its starch reserves to
ensure they last until dawn.
Experiments at the John Innes Cen-
tre, Norwich, show that to adjust its
starch consumption so precisely, the
plant must be performing mathemat-
ical calculation---arithmetic division.
"They re actually doing maths in
a simple, chemical way---that s amaz-
ing, it astonished us as scientists to
see that," study leader Prof Alison
Smith told BBC News.
The scientists used mathematical
modelling to investigate how a division
calculation can be carried out inside
a plant. At night, mechanisms inside
the leaf measure the size of the starch
store. Information about time comes
from an internal clock, similar to the
human body clock.
Researchers proposed that the
process is mediated by the concen-
trations of two kinds of molecules
called "S" for starch and "T" for time.
If the S molecules stimulate starch
breakdown, while the T molecules
prevent this from happening, then
the rate of starch consumption is set
by the ratio of S molecules to T mol-
ecules. In other words, S divided by
"This is the first concrete example
in biology of such a sophisticated
arithmetic calculation," said mathe-
matical modeller Prof Martin Howard,
of the John Innes Centre.
The scientists think similar mech-
anisms may operate in animals such
as birds to control fat reserves during
migration over long distances, or when
they are deprived of food when incu-
Dr Richard Buggs of Queen Mary,
University of London, said: "This is
not evidence for plant intelligence. It
simply suggests that plants have a
mechanism designed to automatically
regulate how fast they burn carbo-
hydrates at night. Plants don t do
maths voluntarily and with a purpose
in mind like we do." ---BBC
Plants 'do maths' to control
overnight food supplies
A worker harvests tobacco leaves on a field in the West Bank village of Jalqamus, near Jenin, June 15.
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