Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : June 26th 2013 Contents B28
Guardian www.guardian.co.tt Wednesday, June 26, 2013
In this tutorial, you will (a) get practice in using Direct
Speech and Indirect Speech. (b) learn about the Active
and Passive Voices and (c) practice changing from the
Passive Voice to the Active Voice and vice versa.
A. DIRECT and INDIRECT SPEECH
Direct Speech refers to the actual words of a
speaker. Open and closed quotation marks indicate
the beginning and end of the Direct Speech.
For example in the question "Will you please pass
me the salt?," Mummy asked Tessa, the underlined
words are the Direct Speech.
However, when someone else reports what was
said, for example:- Mummy asked Tessa if she
would kindly pass her the salt, the underlined
words, here, form what is called the Reported or In-
direct speech. *N.B. In Indirect Speech, the actual
words are not used.
Practice Exercise # 1:-
Write D.S (Direct Speech) or I.S (Indirect Speech) in
the brackets to describe the following sentences
"When are you going there?" Antonia asked her
friend, Leah. (D.S)
1. Mr. Alexis advised his children, "Please wait for me
by the car". (________)
2. The Scout leader told the children that they should
try to march in time with the music at all times.
3. The tour guide enquired from the group about
where they would like to go the next day when they
visited San Fernando. (________)
4. The coach told the players, "I'll meet with the whole
team, tomorrow." (________)
5. The principal informed the parents that the next
meeting would be held that same time the following
6. Danny shouted to his friend, "Be extremely careful
when you are climbing that branch!"
7. "I have already read that same book since last
month," Suzette told her cousin, Arlene. (________)
8. The clerk advised the customer that the company
would be willing to exchange the item if it was de-
NOTE: Please observe the following when changing Di-
rect Speech to Indirect Speech:-
(I) CHANGES IN TENSE
1. The Present Tense changes into the Past Tense.
2. The Past Tense changes into the Past Perfect
3. The Present Continuous Tense changes into the
Past Continuous Tense.
4. The Perfect Tense changes into the Past Per-
5. The Future Tense changes into the Future Con-
THESE CHANGES CAN BE SEEN IN THE FOLLOWING
(II) CHANGES IN PERSONAL PRONOUNS and
(S1) Daddy asked Sally, "Could you please bring
some juice for me?" (D.S)
(S2) Daddy asked Sally whether she could bring
some juice for him. (I.S)
(III). CHANGES IN PLACE and TIME:-
(S1) "We'll look for the bat, tomorrow", Darrel
(S2) Darrel promised that they would look for the
bat the next day.
Practice Exercise #2 (Refer to (I), (II) and (III) above)
Change the following sentences into Indirect Speech:-
1. "I will like you to go to the playing field and wait
there for me," the coach said to the cricketers.
2. Mummy assured the children, "I have already made
all the arrangements for the party, tomorrow."
3. "I am giving you your dentist's appointment for
Thursday, next week at ten a.m. sharp," the secre-
tary informed the patient.
4. The man asked the carpenter, "Do you think that
you will have enough time to complete the repairs
by next month?"
5. "We will be delighted to see you if you visited us,"
Charlene told her grandmother.
Practice Exercise #3
Change the following sentences into Direct Speech:-
1. The teacher told the class that they would have to
walk with their note books for the field trip on the
2. The officer informed the man that it would take
three months for him to obtain his passport.
3. The teacher advised the students that they should
do their work as neatly as possible.
4. Diane informed her mother that she was so thirsty
that day that she could drink almost a bucket of
5. Daniel enquired from Ravi whether he had seen the
new comedy show that had started on Television,
the previous night.
B. The Active and Passive Voices.
All sentences are written either in the Active or Pas-
sive Voice. The Active Voice is seen in sentences
where the verbs are transitive, that is, situations
where the Subjects take an Object.
Continued on next page
2. Ken said, "I saw the
Ken said that he had
seen the birds.
3. Ken said "I am see-
ing the birds."
Ken said that he was
seeing the birds.
4. Ken said "I have
seen the birds."
Ken said that he had
seen the birds.
5. Ken said, "I will/
shall see the birds." Ken said that he would/
should see the birds.
I, me, she, he, they, him, her,
them, and so on.
his, her, my, their, her, them,
and so on.
the next day
the day before/ the
the night before / the
the following week
the following month
last week the previous week; the week
1. Ken said, "I see the
Ken said that he saw
Links Archive June 25th 2013 June 27th 2013 Navigation Previous Page Next Page